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VOL. 16 JANUARY, 1969 NO, 1 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the .soul." 1 Peter 2; 1 1 


And now, my soul, another year 

Of thy short life is past; 
I cannot long continue here, 

And this may be my last. 

Much of my hasty life is gone, 

Nor will return again; 
And swift my passing moments run, 

The few that yet remain. 

Awake, my soul, with utmost care 

Thy true condition learn; 
What are thy hopes? how sure? how fair? 

What is thy great concern? 

Behold another year begins; 

Set out afresh for Heaven; 
Seek pardon for thy former sins, 

In Ghrist so freely given. 

Devoutly yield thyself to God, 

And on His grace depend; 
With 2eal pursue the heavenly road, 

Nor doubt a happy end. 

Simon Browne, 1680-1732 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"The days of our years are threescore years and ten 
..." Seventy years is a long time. It consists of 
25,567 days or 613,608 hours or nearly 37 million 
minutes J This is an impressive figure when we think 
that we live our time minute by minute, but how quick- 
ly the years go by. The Bible says that even a thou- 
sand years in the sight of the Lord "ax*e as but yester- 
day when it is past, and as a watch in the night." 

Very early in this new year one half my seventy 
years will be in the past. As these milestones come 
and we pass from year to year we wonder what the future 
may hold. Many changes come so gradually that we 
scarcely perceive them. Other situations change over- 
night, and it is right for Christians to be ready. One 
of these years Jesus will return. But if there is 
persecution or adversity for us first, we should be 
ready for that, too. David prayed, "So teach us to 
number our dajs, that we may apply our hearts unto 
wisdom." We do not know the actual number of our days, 
but may we be ax^are of their passing. and apply our 
hearts to the wisdom from above. 

We are living in wonderful times. It has been said 
that history will likely record the orbiting of the 
earth and the advance of man into space as the greatest 
accomplishments of this century, These advances are 
marvelous but many rightly wonder what will be the 
value of all this research and expense in the day to 
day lives of ordinary men. The recent flight of men 
around the moon is unquestionably a great advance and 
a tremendous accomplishment.. But will it make men 
happier? Will landing on. the moon bring men closer to 
the knowledge of God? Is it an advance In applying our 
hearts to wisdom? Will it bring peace? 

Many Inventions and developments have had more 


effect in our lives than the space race. We could men- 
tion electric ity > plastics , the telephone, automobiles, 
airplanes, medicines; the list would seem endless. 
But these things still apply only to this life. And 
it is still a question regarding them whether they in- 
crease happiness. . . 

Let us come to things that are important in God ! s 
sight, Man ? s inventions, however useful, still cannot 
improve on the plan of salvation. This was given 
through Jesus Christ once for all. It will never pass 
away. This accomplishment (for it was a result of the 
efforts and agonies of Jesus Christ) has had its effect 
on every human being that ever lived. It is of great- 
est importance in bringing true happiness to the ones 
who accept this Saviour. It has been worth dying for 
to millions and is known as the true wisdom from above. 

No, we do not need inventions and developments to 
improve on God* s salvation. But there is a need for 
men and women to be committed to it. Though we can T t see 
all that 1969 may hold for us, we can be decided in our 
relationship to God. He can be our dwelling place as 
He has been in all generations. And we can be " satis- 
fied with His mercy. " And we can "rejoice and be glad 
all our days," 

"Let thy work appear unto thy servants, and thy 
glory unto their children." Can we know what the Lord 
has done for us and what He is doing in the world 
today? We should know. And vie should be letting Him 
work through us. And His glory will appear to our 
children if we are diligent to direct them to it. 

May the work of our hands for 1969 be established 
upon us. God will establish it if it is work for Him. 
— L.C. 

In 1966 the citizens of the U.S. spent $130 million 
for missionary work but $30 billion on gambling, $20 
billion on crime, |9 billion on liquor, $5 billion- on 
tobacco, 03 billion on house pets and $175 million on 
dog food. The $100 million spent on comic books was 
four times the annual budget of all public libraries^ . 
in the U.S. Prom the "Evangelical visitor" 


The New Testament Concept 
By Harold S. Bender 

"The church in the New Testament is that real vis- 
ible human fellowship in which Christ is alive in His 
members j and they are growing up into Him." This 
statement by Leslie Newbigin conveys the concept of a 
church which is at once both human and divine, This 
we affirm on the basis not only of specific New Testa- 
ment teachings but on the basis of our understanding 
of the Gospel of God's redeeming grace and man*s re- 

The Church as Divine 

The church is the final fulfillment of God's eternal 
purpose in creation, viz,,, that He might have fellow- 
ship with man and express His nature in the holy com- 
munity. The pattern of heaven is thus brought down to 
earth and realized in the church. The church is a 
colony of heaven, as Paul calls it. 

The Bible Is the story of God's acting in history 
to create a people for Himself. Frustrated by the Fall, 
the purpose was partially accomplished in the calling 
and covenanting of Israel. Upon this people God be- 
stowed the riches of His love and grace , thus revealing 
Himself to them and redeeming them. But a froward and 
rebellious people 9 oft despising His grace and reject- 
ing His love, broke the covenant; only a remnant was 
faithful. But through this remnant, climaxed in the 
Incarnation of Himself and His love in Christ Jesus, 
a new people was called and covenanted. This is the 
church of Christ, also rightly called the church of 
God, the true Israel of God. Thus in the fullness 
of His revealing and redeeming work in Christ God's 
original purpose is accomplished, the goal of His 

At Pentecost the great day of the Lord did come, 
the day of salvation, when the old Israel which had 
been rejected in its unbelief, was replaced by the new 


Israel of faith, the ecclesia of the new covenant. It 
is this people that Peter identified in the Pentecostal 
sermon of Acts 2 as the .body of believers in Christ. 
God added daily to the church which He had created* 
those who repented and believed. So, in a true sense, 
the church is a colony of heaven, for it is God reach- 
ing down into man* s life on earth, establishing a so- 
ciety on the heavenly pattern, an outpost of God's 

The church of Christ, the new people of God, is also 
seen as the fulfillment of the kingdom of God which 
Christ announced as coming through Him. It is the 
realm of God's reign through Christ. as Lord. Clearly 
the New Testament epistles in effect substitute the 
church for the kingdom of the Gospels. The good news 
of God coming to reign is now actually fulfilled. Many 
saw the kingdom of God come with power, as Christ pro- 
phesied. The gracious working of God in; redemption and 
net* creation which had been going on from the beginning 
now had come to a climax. The church Is the realisation 
of God's Intent through all previous ages. 

Since the accomplishment of this design was never 
previously seen., but now clearly manifest, Paul de- 
lighted to call it the mystery revealed. God was now 
at work by Lis grace transferring men out of the king- 
dom of-' darkness Into the kingdom of the Son of His 
love. This kingdom now established will be eternal, 
for in the church Ke will be glorified throughout all 
ages to, comer The colony of heaven planted in the 
earth will someday return to heaven to be forever with 
the God of all grace in never-ending fellowship and 
service. In this sense the church is divine, the cre- 
ation of God the Father, and is rightly called the 
church of God. This divine character is always present 
and must never be minimised, even though the humanity 
of the church is also fully present. The church is the 
dwelling place of God, the temple of God. 

But the church is also divine in the sense of being 
the body of Christ. This term is the most common New 
Testament name given to the church (other than ecclesia), 
and has great significance. It is, of course, only a 


symbol and not to be taken in as a realistic statement , 
or > as some have done, as the extension of the Incarna- 
tion. It means that by faith Christians are in Christ 
and He in them in the sense that His life is in theirw 

The figure of the body carries at least three mean- 
ings; (1) the life of Christ the head is in the body 
which consists of the members; (2) Christ the head con- 
trols the body and uses it as His instrument; and (3) 
the members constitute a unity as a body in which there 
is interdependence of the members and conjoint function- 
ing. But the heart of the body concept is the emphasis 
upon the divine life of Christ (in whom is God) in the 
members. Individually the members have been regenerated 
and have a new life from Christy but it requires the 
totality of the members to express Christy and it is 
their corporate life and relationship which constitute 
the church. 

The corollary of this concept of the church as the 
body of Christ is that only in the church may Christ 
be found on earth* These who seek Him must find Him 
here and nowhere else. 

A third aspect of the divine character of the church 
is the work of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit con- 
stitutes the church and dwells in it. He guides it in 
worship and service; He uses it as His instrument. The 
church is the realm in which the Spirit operate s, and 
only here may He be found on eartlu The individual 
member does not receive the Spirit apart from the 
church; with but one exception the Holy Spirit is given 
to men in the plural in the New Testament. The church 
remains the church only as long as she is the church of 
the Spirit. But let us not forget that the Spirit 
speaks and brings nothing of Himself but only the 
things of Christ. His work is to &pply the grace of 
God in Christ for redemption and sanctification, and 
this is a divine work. 

Thus the church as a divine institution is truly the 
church of the Holy Trinity, of God the Father, God the 
Son, and God the Holy Spirit, acting, unitedly to produce 
the church through the redemption of the individual and 
the creation of the community of faith with its common 


life lived by and in the love and grace of God, 

If this be the case, then the church is' also the 
realm of redemption. First , the revelation of God 
through the Scriptures is made within the church and 
through divinely inspired agents who are a part of the 

Second, it is through the church that the offer of 
the Gospel is made to the world, i.e., through the 
preaching of the Word and the witness of the life of" 
the church.. 

Third, it is within the church that the new life of 
regenerated individuals is fostered and nurtured, for 
it is within the church that all the means of grace are 
offered for the building up of each man in Christ until 
all grow up into Christ into the "measure of the full- 
ness of his stature ," 

Fourth, it is in the church that the common life of 
love is expressed and the pattern of the divine society 
is recreated. 

, Finally, it is in the church that the world is over- 
come. The church is the "body which pilgrimages togeth- 
er through time, lighting the highway of salvation by 
its own redeemed life, and finally as a body in the 
last Great Day is taken out of this present' evil world 
in the ultimate salvation which brings it into the 
eternal presence of God, 

Selected and condensed by Daniel F. ¥olf : 
from the December, 19i>8 "Gospel Herald". 

The old year now hath passed away. . . 

Vfe thank Thee, our God, today 
That Thou hast kept us through the year 

When danger and distress were. near. 
Mark not what once was done amiss; 
A happier, better year be this. 

—Jacob Tapp, 158S 

Selected by Susie Wagner 

MOORE — A son, Robert Anthony, born to Ken and Doris 
Moore on* December 23, 1968 at Modesto, California. 




By Anis Charles Haddad 

Fall of deep interest to my mind are the extraordin- 
ary excavations, known as Solomon's Quarries. The en- 
trance is within a few minutes' walk of the Damascus . 
Gate, opposite the Skull Hill, by means of a door which 
conceals the opening in the solid rock of the precipice 
some twenty feet beneath the wall of Bezetha. For cen- 
turies these quarried caverns remained hidden from 
knowledge of ail men* 

We enter into the darkness, swinging our lanterns, 
and the path leads steeply down Into an enormous en- 
trance cave like a buried cathedral. Strong effects of 
light and shade are created by the flickerings of the 
light. At one moment the rough-hewn roof is cast into 
menacing obscurity. 

A few steps farther down the cavern becomes wide and 
lofty. It extends under half of Old Jerusalem. The 
quarries are very extensive. They are not one vast 
cavern, but a succession of irregular hollowed chambers 
in labyrinth ian disorder, with enormous, shapeless pil- 
lars left here and there to support the roof. The roof 
remains as rough as when first created by the sore toil 
of the quarrymen,. All is rock, above, below, around, 
and the scene as beheld in the only light that is avail- 
able, namely, that which is carried in the hand of the 
" explorer," is one of the most remarkable about Jeru- 
salem. The ground beneath the feet is heavy for walk- 
ing; the accumulations of centuries of chippings have 
crumbled to powder, deep and thick as the sands of the 

We come to the largest cavern, which is round In 
shape, and most wonderfully domed. It forms a natural 
auditorium -that might ea.sily have been converted into 
a subterranean temple or hall of justice. The propor- 
tions are vast and imposing and from it are various 
outlets into passages and smaller caves. In some places 
we climb with difficulty over large masses of rocks, 


which appear to have been shaken down from the roof, 
suggesting to the nervous the possibility of being 
ground to powder by similar masses which hang overhead. 
In other parts we stop to look at pyramids of rubbish, 
which have fallen from above through apertures in the 
vault , 

It has been estimated that in ancient times suffi- 
cient stones had been removed from these quarries to 
Build the modern city of Jerusalem twice overt It is a 
peculiar and unusual pure white stone, soft to work, 
but hardens rapidly, almost to marble, when exposed to 

As we explore the caverns we can see how the blocks 
were detached by wood cleavage* Five or six hundred 
hewers seem to have worked together; each man cutting 
down into the rock perpendicularly, a chink four inches 
broad, to a fixed depth, Wedges of wood were then in- 
serted and then, swollen by wetting, they split off the 
block required. Some such blocks still remain where 
the poor toilers left them. One of the great stones, 
at the southwest angle of this temple enclosure, is es- 
timated to weigh a hundred tons, and this vast mass 
reached its place on the sacred hill only by being 
dragged from its bed in the quarries by the toil of 
great gangs of men I One huge stone that had been split 
as it was being dragged out still lies as it was left 
almost thirty centuries ago. 

On every hand we notice the signs of workmen. With 
a feeling of awe and bewilderment, a feeling that we are 
dropping down through the very floor of Time, we know- 
that these workmen have been dead for nearly three thou- 
sand years! The marks of the chisel on the dry portion 
of the rock made by the Phoenician stonecutters when 
Solomon was king of Jerusalem look as new and fresh as 
if the workmen had only just retired 1 But they have 
lain sleeping in their gloomy resting place all this 
time! How many times during the long period has the 
town overhead fallen into ruins I How many times has it 
risen again, and no echo of its glories and disasters 
reached the place of their repose! The work was inter- 
rupted, or the stones were not needed, and they seem 

10" .'""' ■ - THE PILGRIM 

left there in the darkness to show us what they were 
for, and how they were used. 

We prop the lantern. on a ledge of rock and, by Its 
light, we read the extraordinarily detailed account of 
the building of Solomon* s Temple. I suppose a modern 
architect could not, given the same jiumber of words, 
create for us a more accurate and vivid picture of the 
plans, design, engagement of workmen, rates of pay, 
building and furnishing of a great building, than is to 
be found in these chapters of the Bible, If we think 
of Hiram 1 s workmen plying their tools in these deep re- 
cesses of the earth, to the north of, what was in their 
day the city wall, and then conveying the blocks they 
had. hewn, by underground passages, to the Temple Area, 
a new and true light Is thrown on the famous passage of 
I Kings 6:7* 

The builders came from Phoenicia, but not the stone. 
On these stones are found marks made by the Phoenician 
workmen who quarried them, very likely in order to in- 
dicate their proper places as they are fitted onto the 
contour of the-mck itself. It is certain that Phoeni- 
cian lettering and numerals .are" visible among the marks 
which abound in the 'quarries, imprinted on the rock sur- 
faces in red paint that has remained indelible through 
the centuries I One might fancy that the chisels of 
Hiram ! s workmen had just' finished them, anu they are 
about to be. carried to the places assigned them! It all 
seems so new, so modern, that wo have the odd feeling 
that it is lunch time during the building of the temple 
and that at any moment we might hear the returning feet 
of the quarrymen, kicking aside the stones as they come 
back to work. 

Down In the darkness of Solomon * s. Quarries with the 
white dust. of the^ stone on my clothes, the building of 
the temple takes on a reality that surprises me. Its 
proximity to- Moriah suggests the thought that it may' be 
the quarry which supplied stones for the temple — that 
house which is described as being built "so that there 
was neither hammer, nor axe, nor any tool of iron heard 
in the house while it was in building." It frequently 
happens in the Land of the Book, that some verse of the 

Blb^ e . hitherto *r^niniTlpe.q c&* A A artier iTnlor.Vo -if. ej^sl-P 


and one is left amazed by its minute accuracy. I had 
always imagined that this verse meant the temple stone 
was quarried far away out of earshot of Jerusalem. 
What else could it have meant? But why should the writ- 
er of Kings have stressed the obvious fact that distant 
quarrying could not be heard on Mount Moriah? No matter 
how earnestly those in the streets of the city above 
might have listendd for the sound of hammers, they could 
have heard nothing t 

Certainly the silence everywhere is profound. Not 
a murmur from the outside world above penetrates that 
underground labyrinth. There is no echo from one cavern 
to the other. A stone thrown from a height drops with 
a dull, nonvibrant thud. 

There are a few wells, probably for the use of the 
workmen and for the most part now filled up with rub- 
bish. Within a retired, solitary place, hidden from 
the gaze, stands a gray-looking circular basin of about 
four feet in diameter, scooped out with great regularity 
in the solid rock, receiving in its bosom the water that 
is filtering through the sides and the ceiling above. 
We drink of the water, and it is simply delicious! 
Close to it lie scattered broken pieces of pottery, re- 
mains of vessels used for drinking, which appear as 
though they have only just dropped out of the hands of 
the hurried workmen coming here to quench their thirst. 

This trickling water has covered many parts with 
crystalline incrustation, pure and white. At some 
points, water dripping from the ceiling forms stalac- 
tites, with their counterpart stalagmites, as may easily 
be supposed In a limestone region. In many places the 
rock glistens as if frosted. Here and there the white 
surfaces are tinged with deep iron stains, as if some 
vein of ore runs through the stony strata. The very 
gloom is charged with dignity and a solemn mystery. 

We leave the ouarries and go out into the blinding 
light of the sun, with the feeling that yesterday and 
today are one in the empty caverns, where it seems the 
workmen of Hiram have just knocked off for a ten-minute 

Reflecting upon our wandering through this enormous 
cavern we learn that the stones in God's living temple 


are thus formed, sharply chiseled by affliction, squared 
to the character and plan which the Master Builder has 
chosen for them. They are built noiselessly up into 
His temple , the church, and made ready to be precious 
stones in the New Jerusalem. 

. Condensed from the July, 1955 "Gospel Herald" • 


Cut from the busy hand of God 

The New Year comes to me. 
may I take it as a trust, 

To be kept for eternity! 
Pall well I know my record past 

Can never altered, be, ■ 

but from- the .patient' hand, of God. 

New days, how fast they fall! 
Help me, ; p God, to, fill them up 

With wisdom, patience, all 
The Grace I need to do my tasks 
And answer to Thy call. 

Cut from the holy hand of God, 
Fresh days, so pure, so bright I 

Help me, my Father, keep them fair 
Dy living always right— 

No unkind words, no loveless acts, 
To dim their sacred- light . 

Cut from the loving hand of God, 
Glad days, -the -gifts of Love I 

Help me to walk through all their hours 
With loving heart, and prove' 

'To Thee, my Father, and to men 
A mind like that above. 

Selected by Susie Wagner 



A, The Call 

Pope Urban II had much at stake when he called a 
council at Clermont in his native France In 1095 A.D. 
In going to Clermont he hoped to enlist the whole- 
hearted support of those who were favorably disposed to 
him, Beyond this he hoped that the whole of Christen- 
dom would rally behind him, securing his position as 
the true pope* 

One can imagine the surprise of the people as Urban 
began speaking, not In the usual ritualistic Latin but 
in their native tongue. In part his message was as 
follows : 

"From the borders of Jerusalem and the city of Con- 
stantinople ominous tidings have gone forth,.. An ac- 
cursed race , emerging from the kingdom of the Persians , 
a barbarous people, estranged from God, has invaded the 
lands of the Christians in the east and. has depopulated 
them by fire and steel and ravage. These invaders are 
Turks and Arabs.... 

"These Turks have led away many Christians captives 
to their own country; they have torn down the churches 
of God everywhere, or used them for their own rites. 
What more shall I say to you? Listen. The invaders 
befoul the altars with the filth out of their bodies; 
they circumcize Christians and pour the blood of the 
circumcision upon the altars or into the baptismal 
fonts. They stable their horses in these churches... 

"Even now the Turks are torturing Christians, binding 
them and filling them with arrows, or making them kneel, 
bending their heads, to try if their swordsmen can cut 
through their necks with a single blow of the naked 
sword. What shall I say of the ravishing of the women? 
To speak of this is worse than to be silent... 

"On whom will fall the task of vengeance unless upon 
you, who have won glory In arms? You .have the courage 
and the fitness of body to humble the hairy heads up- 
lifted against you, I say this to you — and what more 


must be said? Listen! 

n You are girdled knights, but you are arrogant with 
pride* You turn upon your brothers with fury, cutting 
down one the other, la this the service of Christ?... 
Oppressors of children, de spoilers of widows, manslayers, 
wreakers of sacrilege, murderers, awaiting the parent 
of blood-— you flock to battles like vultures that sight 
a corpse from afar. Verily this is the worst way. 
Verily, if you would save your souls, lay down the 
girdles of such, knighthood. 

"Come forward- to the defense of Christ. ye who 
have carried on feuds, come to the war against the in- 
fidels. ye who. have been thieves, become soldiers- 
Fight a just war, Labor for everlasting re via rd. , ."1 

It is recorded that the pope's message had a great 
impact on the assembled throng, Men were seen weeping 
with their heads in -their hands. Truly they were 
ashamed, not only for their past sins, but for allowing 
the shrines of the Holy Land to be desecrated. In the 
midst of his speech the -pope was interrupted by the 
crowd shouting as one man, "GOD MILLS IT I" 1 Swords 
were unscathed as men. readied to pledge themselves to 
the Holy War, The pope continued: 

"...Unless the Lord God had been in your minds you 
would not have cried out thus, as one. And so I say to 
you that God has drawn this cry from you. Let it be 
your battle cry; when you go against the enemy let this 
shout be raised, 'God wills itl T 

"And more — whosoever shall offer himself to. go upon 
this journey, and shall make his vow to go, shall wear 
the sign of the cross on his head or breast. «, 

"Go therefore and fear not* Your possessions here 
will be safeguarded, and you will despoil the enemy of 
greater treasures. Do not fear death where Christ laid 
down his life for you. If any should lose their livee, 
even on the way thither, their sins will be requited 
then. I grant this to all who go, by the power vested 
in me by God.- 

"Go, with one who lacks not the power greater than 
wealth to aid you. Lo I see before you, leading you 


to his war, the standard bearer who is invisible — 
Christ." 1 

Then it was that Cardinal Gregory spoke up, confes- 
sing his sins publicly. This was followed by a general 
confession of all those present. Adhemar, Bishop of 
LePuy, publicly asked for a position in God's own army. 
Thus began The Crusades, a series of religious wars 
which had as their overt purpose the capture of the 
Holy Lands from the Moslems, but were secondarily for 
the uniting of Christendom behind the pope. 

(Continued next issue) 
—Glen Shirk 

San Francisco , California 


PROVOKE — 1* To excite to some action or feeling. 2. 
To anger; irritate. 3. To stir up (action or feeling) ♦ 
4. To call forth; evoke. 

Perhaps .we are all quite familiar with this word. 
Yet it would seem that we sometimes confuse the result 
of it's use with the actual meaning of the word. Let 
us consider two scriptures which show quite clearly 
that the results can differ: 

n They angered hijn also at the waters of strife , so 
that it went ill with Moses for their sakes: because 
they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly 
with his lips, (psalms 106:32,33) 

"Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without 
wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) and let us 
consider one another to provoke unto love and to good 
works: not forsaking the assembling of ourselves togeth- 
er, as the manner of some is; but exerting one another: 
and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. 
(Hebrews 10:23-25) —Marvin Crawmer 

(Continued from page 15) 

sick souls, just as this poor woman did who had been 

diseased so long. 

Next time we will tell about the daughter of Jairus 
whom Jesus was on His way to see. — Rudolph Cover 



"WHO TOUCHED ME? 1 * Matthew 9:18-22 

Luke 8:41-48 

One day while Jesus was teaching the people, a ruler 
of the Jews named Jairus fell down at His feet and 
begged Jesus to come home with him. Jairus had only- 
one little girl about twelve years old, and she had 
been very sick and was about to die. He said, "If you 
will only come and lay your hand upon her she will live. 

The man started for his home, and Jesus and the dis- 
ciples followed him. They couldn*t go very fast because 
there were so many people crowding along the road, 
wanting to see Jesus. In the crowd of people there was 
a woman that had a disease that had caused her to bleed 
for twelve years . She had gone from one doctor to 
another and had spent everything she had, and still 
she wasn't any better. 

When she heard Jesus was coming, she thought to her-* 
self, "I dcn f t want to trouble the Master, but if I can 
but touch the hem of His garment I will be made whole," 
As fast as she could she made her way through the crowd 
of people, and when she came near Jesus she reached out 
and touched the border of His clothes, and right away 
she was healed of her bleeding. 

Jesus turned around and said^ "Who touched me?" 

Peter said, "Why Master, there is a multitude around 
you and why do you say, ! Who touched me?™ 

Jesus said, "Somebody touched me for I perceive vir- 
tue is gone out of me." 

Now when the woman saw that Jesus knew all about her 
she was afraid and fell down at His feet and told Him 
before all the people for what cause she had touched 
Him and how she was instantly healed. And Jesus said, 
"Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee 
whole; go in peace." 

Let us remember that Jesus doesn't neglect anyone 
who will come to Him. First we have to get close to 
Jesus by obeying His words, and then by faith we can 
reach out and receive the healing power for our poor, 

(Continued on page 15) 


VOL. 16 FEBRUARY, 1969 NO, 2 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2; 1 1 


come to Jesus this new year; 

His voice is calling tender; 

"Come unto me and have no fear; 

Just make a full surrender. " 

He loves, and gave His life for you; 

He is a gracious lender; 
To help you all your Journey through, 

Just make a full surrender. 

He frees from sin and death and woe, 

Is your divine defender; 
That He be with you where you go. 

Just make a full surrender. 

His voice is cklling one and all, 

A full account to render; 
Obey His words and loving call, 

Just make a full .surrender. 

He has all power; and He is now 

The Holy* Spirit sender; 
Gome at His feet and humbly bow; 

Just make a full surrender. 

Though you have slipped along the way, 
Be on the road to splendor; 

You will have cause to bless the day 
You made a full surrender. 

— J. I. Cover 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the Interests of the 
member! of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that 
not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, 
lest any man should boast. " (Ephesians 2:8*9) 

In the Bible we read of many gifts which differ from 
one another. God gives them according to our ability 
to receive them. But the gift we are thinking of is 
the gift He has given every man and woman that ever 
lived. No one need feel left out. God has given each 
one. the ability to receive this gift and to care for 

it^ - U 

We are warned of God not to neglect the gifts He 
has given us. " We feel the reason men hesitate to ac<~ 
cept this gift is because' of the condition that follows, 
We* heard it said recently that "Salvation is free but 
discipleship is costly. It costs everything we have 
and everything we are." 

"Disciple" is a name given to the followers of any 
teacher. Some teachers might be satisfied with part 
of our service. But St. Luk^e 14:33 says, "So likewise, 
whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he 
hath, he cannot be my disciple." Only when we are 
willing to forsake all and follow Him are we perfect 
in His sight. 

God asks nothing of us that cannot be done. We 
have heard it said by some, "It can*t be done." This 
is caused by not taking God at His word. We have many 
evidences that it can be done and also that it has 
been done. 

' St, John 13:35 says "By this shall all men know 
that ye are my disciples, if ; .ye have love one to anoth- 
er." The command' to love no doubt is disobeyed more 
than any other word in the Bible. If we want to be" 
disciples of Christ, we must have this love. If we 


want to do something great and witness to the world, 
manifest this love. 

St. Mark explains (12:30-31), "And thou shalt love 
the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy 
soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: 
this is the first commandment. And the second is like, 
namely this. Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 
There is none other commandment greater than these." 

This test clearly shows what God requires of His 
followers. We must have the love of God within our 
hearts before we can be of any service to Christ and 
His Church. 

We know there are two kinds of love, natural love 
and a Godly love. Natural love works fine when things 
go well, but when difficulty arises, it usually fails. 
Godly love never fails. It will conquer all its foes 
and will take us to victory in all things. If we have 
this love within us, it will fulfill all righteousness 
and will suffice all requirements for discipleship. 

'—Kenneth Martin 
Nappanee, Indiana 


When we erect a building these days, we try our best 
to prepare a good foundation. Government specifications 
call for so much concrete and so much reinforcing steel 
according to the Size and type of building. Foundations 
are important. If a foundation breaks or sags or fails 
in any way, the whole building is damaged. 

For our faith we have a sure foundation. The apostle 
Paul in Ephesians 2:20 says that we in the household of 
God "are built upon the foundation of the apostles and 
prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner 
stone. " The Lord God spoke His Intentions about laying 
this foundation when He spoke through Isaiah (28:16), 
"Behold, I lay in ZIon for a foundations stone, a 
tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: 
he that believeth shall not make haste," 

A foundation must be sure, strong, and immovable. 
In Christ we have this sure foundation — one who is 


eternal. His words will never pass away* And He tells 
us that if we hear His .words and do them. we are like a 
man who built his house upon a rock. When the rain des- 
cended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and 
beat 'upon that house, it fell not: for it was founded 
upon a rock. 

These are days of poor foundations. Men are saying 
that there is no fixed truth. The colleges, supposedly 
the places' of learning and stability, seem to be the 
least stable. Old and tested methods are being dis- 
carded, and teachers are listening to students for new 
ideas and solutions. Foundations are being destroyed. 
And more and more men are not heeding the words of 
Jesus and will be like the man who built his house upon 
the sand. 

But let us dig deep into the word of God and build 
upon the rock Christ Jesus. "Nevertheless the founda- 
tion of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord 
knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that 
nameth the name of Christ depart from iniouity." 
II Tmothy 2:19 — L.C. 

Dear Friend, ..:.". 

I just want you to. kftow I whisper your name, 
Yes whisper your name when I pray; 
That God may be with you, 
That He may. be with you alway. 
I pray for your health 
And your spiritual wealth, 
That you always be true, 
True to the faith of your youth, 
True to the God-given truth. 
.And oh, 'twould be comfort to know, 
To know you remember me too, 
Each morning and evening when kneeling, 
When kneeling in prayer as I do. 
Temptations and pitfalls are many, ■ 
So many we all need a prayer." 
Though dangers forever are present, 
We know that God is still there. 

— Guy Hootman 




By Anis Charles Haddad 

There are few episodes in the Old Testament so pathe- 
tic as is the story" of the death of Moses. He had 
steered his fellows through many dangers and through 
great woes safe to the border of the Promised Land, and 
died when his work was done, leaving the fruits for 
others to gather. 

We remember that the time of Moses had come. "His 
eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated, M yet he 
had finished his work. A new era was opening, for which 
another was the fit leader. He was now, himself, to en- 
ter on his reward. He was not permitted to enter the 
new country. Although Moses pleaded earnestly for a re- 
mission of the sentence, his prayer was not granted. 
But he was allowed to see the new land from a mountain- 
top. The judgment may seem harsh that decreed that 
Moses, because of the sin at Meribah, should not,, cross 
the frontier of the Promised Land. Did that sin dis- 
count all the patience and fortitude of the forty years 
in the wilderness? But the sin was a sin against privi- 
lege and knowledge and authority. God's judgments . are 
severest when they fall upon those who ought to have, ..- 
known better! 

It must have been very sad for Moses to. know that -he 
must die alone. He was an old man, and all his best and 
true friends were dead. All the grown-up people- whom he 
had led out of Egypt were gone except two. Yet the 
people loved and honored him. Often had he spoken to 
them words of "God.. They would gladly have been with 
him to the last. But no, when the day came that he was 
to die, he must go away from them, up into the high 
mountain and there by himself lie down and close his 
eyes for the last sleep. 

The official duties of Moses were now terminated. 
He comissioned Joshua as a military leader divinely ap- 
pointed to be the conqueror of the Land, of Canaan and 
to portion it among the victors. He delivered to the 


priests the whole book of the Law, that they might de- 
posit it in the sanctuary with the Ark of the Covenant, 
He then blessed the people as an old father used to 
bless his children before his death. 

Moses withdrew among the tears of the people. At a 
certain point in his ascent he made a sign to the weep- 
ing multitude to advance no farther, taking with him 
only the elders. He went, up as he had often done before 
to be alone with God, but to return to men no more. As 
he was. embracing Eleazar and Joshua, and still speaking 
to them, a cloud suddenly stood over him and he vanished 
in a deep valley. Where he laid himself down to die no 
one knows. How long he waited before the end eame is 
equally unknown. Let us look for the brave, meek 3 beau- 
tiful words which Moses said. when God called him to go 
up the mountain and die, , We find them in Numbers 27:15- 
17* All his thoughts were fixed, as they had ever been, 
on the welfare of his people. There was no thought of 
self; "only let the Lord, the God of the spirits of all 
flesh, set a man over the congregation. . .that the con- 
gregation of the Lord be not as sheep which have no 
shepherd.' 1 And then he was ready. 

So God called him up to a mount aint op and rolled away 
all. the mist that might have covered that fair land; and 
there it all lay outspread. As I think of the beauties 
and richness of the land we have so often seen and vis- 
ited, from the green hill of Dan and the crystal sources 
of the Jordan, down to the fertile valley of Jerico, it 
is not hard to imagine the bitter-sweet experience of 
the great leader of the Israelites in the morning of his 
people's history. He saw the smiling green meadows at 
his feet between which the Jordan swiftly flows. And to 
the right his eye glanced along the valleys and woods 
and bright waving wheat fie Ids, that stretch away into 
the dim distance where rise the purple, snow-crowned 
hills of beautiful Lebanon. To the left he saw the 
mountains swelling, like mighty billows of the sea all 
struck into stillness. Perhaps as he looked upon them, 
some angel voice might have whispered in his ears, w in 
M There will stand Jerusalem, the city of peace; there/ 
be the Temple, where for ages and ages Jehovah shall be 
worshipped. And see yonder among the hills on that 


little speck in the landscape a cross shall one day 
stand and the Son of God shall die to save the wo rid. " 

The curtain dropped suddenly and mysteriously upon 
the end of Moses. One great leader was withdrawn into 
the solitude of the hills of God, and from then into the 
celestial company, God took the whole man into His cus- 
tody. No man discovered his body. No eye observed his 
sepulcher. His soul went forth to God and his dead body 
lay upon the mountainside* Thus Moses died, as he lived, 
in the immediate presence of God. 

The burial place is worthy of the man, for the moun- 
tains are glorious, their fascination is inexpressible, 
so that in all the world there can be no grander monu- 
ment for the dead. The unidentified place of death, the 
self-chosen roc'k-tomb, was seen to have a simple explan- 
ation. He was laid unknown and therefore undisturbed 
from that time to the present, either by friend or foe. 
Moses needed no monument to tell what he had done. And 
it was well to hide the place where he lay, or his fol- 
lowers might afterwards have worshipped the sepulcher 
or dug up and honored the old bones. 

Anxious to verify exactly the view of Moses, let us 
pay a visit to Mount Nebo. We leave Jerusalem and in 
three hours' drive reach Medeba, .one. of the largest 
Christian cities on the eastern side of Jordan, ..where 
we spend the night amid the well-known hospitality of 
the Orient. 

V r e get up and after breakfast drive through the -city, 
towards the direction of Mount Nebo* At times we are 
driving over ledges of bare rock, setting the car at the 
sides of the hills and creeping gingerly .over dry. water- 
courses. We come to a very narrow ■• ravine . I cannot help 
thinking that this might have been the burial place of 
Moses, as he was buried in a valley. 

Mount Nebo rises towards a cloudless sky and its sum- 
mit, on which an army could gather, collapses on the 
west into space. One looks down into deep precipices, 
khaki-colored chasms, where the foot of man. may have 
never rested! Yet standing upon this. bold. and breesy 
headland, jutting far out above the plain and the Dead 
Sea, commanding a magnificent outlook, north, west, and 
south with nothing in front of it to obstruct the range 


of vision, one cannot help exclaiming that this is 
Mount Nebo • 

W£ examine the ruins of a Byzantine church which is 
built on the spot where tradition says "Moses stood 
when the Lord showed him all the land of Gilead and Ban." 
There are a few columns lying prostrate, but unbroken 
in a row. There are a few mosaics and a huge stone be- 
lieved to be the very stone on which. Moses had stood 
when he viewed the Promised Land for the first and last 
time * -^-Condensed from the 1957 "Gospel Herald". 


ANNA MAY BOWMAN, daughter of James and Sarah (Abshire) 
Morgan, was born January 6, 1883 at Auburn, Illinois* 

She accepted Christ in her youth and lived faithful 
until death. 

On May 22, 1910 she was united in marriage to Samuel 
Bowman $t South Haven, Michigan, and they mov&d to 
La?eme, California at that time* 

. In the spring of 1917 they moved to Modesto and re- 
sided in the Ripoa and Modesto areas ♦ Her husband pre- 
ceded her in death on October 11, 1944; also one son 
who died in infancy. 

She passed away in Modesto on January 29, 1969 at the 
age of 86 years and 23 days. 

She is survived by her children, Irene Bowman and 
James Bowman, both of Modesto, Herman Bowman of Clovis, 
California, Ruth Crawmer of Long Barn, California, and 
Mary Ellen Royer of Goshen, Indiana, one brother, David 
Morgan of Sonora, California, 12 grandchildren and 12 
great-grandchildren*' . 

She bore *$er affliction patiently and was faithful 
until called Hojae. She was a kind and loving mother 
and grandmother, and will- be greatly missed. 

Funeral services were held on February 1 at Salas 
Brothers 1 Mortuary by Daniel F. Wolf assisted by Joseph 
I. Cover and Joseph L. Cover* Pall bearers were six of 
her grandsons. Her body was laid to rest in Wood Colony 
Cemetery to await the Resurrection. 


SAMUEL MOHLER CRAWMER, son of Andrew and Hanna Crawmer, 
was born May 19, 1878, near Bloomington, Illinois. He 
departed this life Saturday, January 11, 1969 at the 
Overacker Guest Home at the age of 90 years, 7 months 
and 22 days. After growing to young manhood in Illi- 
nois, he moved, with his parents to Covert, Michigan. 

On September .13, 1908 he was united in marriage to 
Bertha Provost of Bangor, Michigan, After living a 
short time in Michigan, he moved to Quinter, Kansas 
where he was engaged in farming. In 1913 he -moved to 
Fairview, Missouri and lived in this cotmiunity until 

While at Quinter he, with his' companion, was baptized 
into the church of their choice, the German Baptist, and 
lived true to his calling until called home. 

To this union were born five children, three sons and 
two daughters: Norman 5 of Modesto, California, Marvin^ 
of Long Barn, California, Ezra, of Fairview, Missouri, 
and Mrs. Kathryn Mohler, of Ripon, California. 

He spent most of his life as a painter and repairing 
and re finishing furniture. 

He leaves to mourn his passing his wife, Bertha, of 
the home, three sons and one daughter along with their 
companions, eleven grandchildren, seven great-grand- 
children and other nieces and nephews and friends. 

He was preceded in death by his parents, two brothers, 
and one infant daughter. 

Even though he was bedfast- the last few years of his 
life, he bore his burdens without complaining, ever 
looking unto the Lord as his personal Saviour. 

Funeral services were conducted Tuesday, January 14 
at 2:30 P.M. at Maple Grove Church west of Fairview, by 
Elder Jess Knaus, assisted by Elders Raymond Garber and 
Joseph Lavy. 

Casket bearers were Horace Miller, Arnsa Harris, 
Laurence Lahman, Frank Reece,. Richard Harter, and Lester 
Erisman. Burial was in the Dice Cemetery under direc- 
tion of McQueen 1 s Funeral Home. 

GEORGE MJSSELL LANDIS was born at Hanfbrd, California 
May 13, 1900 and departed this life January 20, 1969 
in his home in Salida. 


He had lived in this community much of his life. 

In former times of sickness he had asked for the 
anointing which he received with joy. He was a mem- 
ber of the Old Brethren Church at Salida. 

One half brother, Dean, is the only known survivor. 

Funeral services were held at 2 P.M. January 23. 
Hymns sung were number 498, "Nearer, My God, to Thee",, 
one of his favorites, and number 456, "Far From These 
Narrow Scenes of Night". Services were conducted by 
Joseph L. Cover assisted by Daniel t« Wolf and Jesse E. 
Skiles. The body was then laid to rest in the Wood 
Colony Cemetery* 

In memory of Russell Landis 

The homeland from sickness and sorrow, 
The paradise place of the blest, 

The way to a brighter tomorrow, 
Where we shall find comfort and rest. 

The haven for all here forsaken, 

The cross-bearing friends of the Lord; 

The narrow uphill road have taken, 
And follow the way of His Word. 

Though weary of life's travel going, 
Of shame, ; disappointment and pain; 

Hopes fixed upon Life's river flowing, 
And all of God's country to gain. 

Sweet sounds of melodious singing, 
Sweet visions of comfort and joy, 

The angels of blessings are bringing, 
Point upward where none can annoy. 

The struggles of life will be ending, 
The battles of time will be won, 

When toil-weary pilgrims ascending, 
And all of life's labors are done. 

— J.t I, Cover 

THE PILGRIM .■-■..■ : 11- ■ 


,-.... (Continued) 

B. The Crusade of Peter the Hermit (people's Crusade) 

Although the call for the Crusades was issued by- 
Pope Urban II,. many were soon giving credit to Peter 
the Hermit, a wandering preacher who was regarded by ; 
the common people as a man of God. This is not sur- 
prising in an age when communication was largely by . 
word of mouth. Actually, Peter. had no connection with 
the Crusader barons and no ecclesiastical authority.. 
His claim as leader of the Crusades, which rapidly 
became legend, was based on a dream in which Jesus- 
Christ supposedly appeared to him giving him a letter 
addressed tp the pope. This letter commanded the pope 
to issue the call far the Crusades. As far as is known, 
there is no historical evidence to substantiate this 
claim; in fact It is well established that peter never 
did visit Pope Urban. He did have a -letter which he 
shewed to all, hoping to prove the authenticity of 
his claims. 

Peter- was a thin, shabbily dressed man who, .a/s a ) 
wandering preacher, was a member of a group that was 
esteemed a~bove the official clergy of the church by 
many. Although it is true that many were charlatans, 
many were truly dissatisfied with the church as it 
existed and therefore started groups which more closely 
followed the truth of Christianity. For this reason 
it is not surprising that these men were regarded with 
suspicion by the church hierarchy. 

As Peter's Crusade progressed and *the numbers of 
followers increased, the kindly preacher found Himself 
with a vast number of problems. Excited by the prospect 
of a "holy war for God", men, women, children, and 
elderly men and women vowed to "take up the cross" and 
follow Peter. Food became a problem which the Crusaders 
solved by stealing from the Inhabitants of the country- 


side through which they passed". At one place 4/000 
Hungarians were killed in fighting with the Crusaders, 

In August , 1096 j the Crusaders finally reached 
Constantinople where , with aid of the Byzantine Emperor, 
they made ready for the final leg of their journey — 
across? Asia Minor (Turkey) to the Holy Land. The 
emperor was apparently in a hurry to send this undis- 
ciplined band of about 40,000 on its way, having dealt 
previously with several smaller bands of German Crusad- 
ers whose interest was more in adventure and plunder 
than in the liberation of the Holy Land. Peter's fol- 
lowers continued on but soon became short of supplies 
and also found themselves in some need of protection. 
Peter returned to Constantinople in an attempt to ob- 
tain more supplies. In his absence the Crusaders became 
completely disorganized and fell victin to attack by 
the Turks,. resulting in a bloody massacre from which 
few escaped." This was the end of the ill-fated People's 
Crusade, but Peter the Hermit was to become a legendary 
example for succeeding Crusaders, to follow. Peter 
would also accompany the expedition which subsequently 
became known as the First Crusade. 

C. The First Crusade 

The first crusade conducted with full papal author- 
ity was under the leadership of Bishop Adhemar. There 
were four armies which took part in this crusade, meet- 
ing as previously arranged at Constantinople. Godfrey 
of Bouillon led his men from Lorraine across central 
Europe; Bohemund led a band of Normans; Raymond of 
Saink-Gilles led an army of Provencals, and a fourth 
group was led by Robert of Normandy. 

These men were the finest fighting men of Europe, 
largely French. Their number has been estimated from 
20,000 to 600,000, but probably was somewhere around 
30,000. Unlike the disorganized People *s Crusade, these 
men came fully armed for battle. They did not trust in 
the providence of God alone for deliverance. 

In liberating the Holy Land they would first have to 
win back the lands taken from the Byzantine Empire. 
Thus after meeting in Constantinople they 'gave their 


allegiance to Emperor Alexius , promising to return any 
lands which had formerly been held by the Byzantihe " 
Empire* "They were then joined by a Byzantine army 
composed largely of Greeks.- 

In 1097, the Crusaders crossed the Bosporus eager to 
meet the enemy. The first action came at Nicea in June', 
1097 where the Turks were defeated after a siege. They 
surrendered to the Crusaders . following secret negotia- 
tions with the Greeks, The significance of this battle, 
in addition to being the first victory of the Crusade,"' 
was that it showed the Crusaders to be an excellent" 
military force and planted seeds of .distrust between 
the Greeks and Crusaders. Arguments .arose over the 
spoil of the city. Reluctantly the Crusaders gave coin*- 
plete control of the city to the Greeks./ 

The Crusaders then advanced, splitting into two 
bands. Much to their surprise,, the weaker half under 
the leadership of Bohemund was attacked by. a larger • 
force of Turks. By sharp tactical. maneuvering this 
force was able to hold out , until the other half of the 
army came* Now it was the Turks who were surprised, 
surrounded, and soundly defeated. The Battle of Dory*-*/ 
laeuja, as it -became known, was taken as .proof that God * 
was truly on. the side of the Crusaders. 

Encouraged by .the victories, the' Crusaders pressed' 
onward' through Asia Minor*- .However, they were unpre-; ' •' 
pared for. the hot, dry weather of the summer; many died 
of sunstroke and thirst. Once again dissention broke 
out between the Greeks and Crusaders, the Crusaders 
feeling that they had been betrayed by. the Greeks who 
were guiding them. Thus far, their labors had served" 
only to benefit the Greeks.. Some Crusaders became so 
impatient that they left the main army to fight o'n 
their own. Notable among these were Tancred, the 
nephew of Bohemund, and Baldwin, younger brother of 
Godfrey of Bouillon. The main army continued on, de- 
termined to take Antioch. 

Antioch was a large, well fortified city. Quarrel- 
ling among. the leaders of the army over battle planar 
cost the Crusaders the element of surprise. The result' 
was a long siege lasting from October 20, 1097 to 


June 3, 109S. The difficulty in taking Antioch was 
that the city was too large to be completely blockaded. 
Even though the main gates were well guarded, the in- 
habitants were able to obtain fresh supplies through 
the smaller gates. It was at this time that the break 
with the Greek army became complete, leaving the Cru- 
saders alone in the siege. The end of the siege came 
when Firouz, a renegade Christian inhabitant of Antioch, 
arranged to open the gates for the Crusaders. The vic- 
tory was assured as the defenders were taken completely 
by surprise. 

In a strange turn of fate, the Crusaders had no soon- 
er captured Antioch than they were besieged by an army 
of Turks under Kerbogha, who had come to relieve 
Antioch. Had this army come two days sooner, the 
Crusaders would have been decimated. At this time the 
Greek Army was returning to Antioch to help with the 
siege. Unfortunately, Stephen of Blois who defected 
from the Crusaders during the siege, persuaded Emperor 
Alexius that it was fruitless to go to Antioch as the 
Crusaders were surely defeated. The truth was that the 
Crusaders were holding out but were desperately in need 
of food and water. Only a miracle could save them. • 

The victory of the Crusaders at Antioch has been at- 
tributed 1 to a miracle. "While morale was at its lowest 
ebb, Peter Bartholomew, a common man from Provence 
claimed to have been visited by Christ and St. Andrew 
In his dreams. In these dreams- he- was told that the 
Crusaders had sinned and displeased God, but because of 
their holy purpose they were to be forgiven* As a sigh 
it was revealed that the Holy Lance which pierced Jesus 1 
side was buried under the pavement of a church in the 
city. This occurred in spite of the fact that they had 
viewed in Constantinople the lance which was reported 
to have pierced His side. At any rate, after a long 
search- a rusty piece of iron was found under the pave- 
ment at the Church of St. Peter. Although the leaders 
refused to believe this was the holy lance, the effect 
on the common soldier was electrifying. Surely this 
was proof that God would lead them to victory. After 
two days of ' prayer and fasting, the emboldened Crusaders 


left the city and utterly defeated the Turks, This 
assured Crusader domination over Antioch and the sur- 
rounding countryside. 

The respite at Antioch was almost the complete un- 
doing of the Crusade. Not only did the Crusader barons 
ouarrel over who was to control Antioch, but Bishop :;, 
Adhemar, the official- leader died (August 1, 1098), 
This caused further confusion as many of the barons . 
desired to be the leader. Raymond of Saint-Gilles in •• . 
particular desired the title and attempted to buy his". . 
way to* the position. The quarrel among the barons con-r: 
tinued until January 5, 1099, when the common people 
of the army broke into open rebellion. Many of these 
people had seen the goal of the Crusade as the liber- 
ation of the Holy Sepulchre from the Moslems. They 
threatened to destroy all the cities they had conquered 
unless the barons would resume the march on to Jeru— ■'•''.. 

(Continued next issue) 
— Glen Shirk 
. . % .- San Francisco, California 

■- — » ■ -■■■ ■ . ■■■ ■■- "— ' ■' ■■ " •■"■■" ■ "' ' ■ "" ' ' " ' 


ESTEEM 1* To value highly; h&ve a great regard for; 
prise... 2. To consider j regard. 

"Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; 
but in lotfliness of mind let each esteem other better 
than themselves." (philippians 2:3). If we do esteem 
or "regard",* each other better than ourselves, it will 
be easy to fulfill the new commandment Jesus gave: that 
we love one another. In Luke 16:15 Jesus says, "...for 
that whiGh is highly esteemed- among men is abomination 
in the sight of God." Things of the world we must not 
esteem or "value highly." We should, like Moses, esteem 
the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures 
in Egypt. — Marvin Crawmer 

(Continued from page 16) 

Do you think that mother and father could keep from 
telling anyone? I don't know but somebody told Mark 
and Luke, because they both told the same story in the 
Bible. I*m glad they did, aren*t you? — Rudolph Cover 

ALIVE AGAIN! Mark 5:22, Luke 8:41 

In our last Bible Story we were telling how Jairus 
had come to Jesus and asked Him to heal his daughter 
that was very sick. While Jesus was on the way to the 
home of Jairus He was delayed by a woman who touched 
the hem of His garment and was healed, 

Jairus, by this time, was surely getting anxious for 
Jesus to come as fast as possible. But before Jesus 
left the woman, someone came from the home of Jairus 
and said, "Your daughter is dead. It ! s no use to 
trouble the Master any more." 

Jairus must have thought, "Ah, it f s too late now; 
if only Jesus could have come in time I" 

But Jesus heard what was said and told Jairus, "Don't 
be afraid, only believe, and your little girl shall 
live again*" 

When Jesus came to the house He wouldn't let anyone 
go in but Peter, James and John. In those days when 
anyone died, there were people who were called "mourners" 
and they would weep and wail and make a lot of noise 
for money. I suppose when they heard of this sick girl 
they thought, "She probably won't last long," and they 
were at the house of Jairus ready to mourn as soon as 
the little girl died. 

Anyway, when Jesus saw all that was going on He said, 
"Weep not; she isn't dead; she's just sleeping." 

But the mourners just laughed at Jesus, and probably 
someone said, "Just take a look at her; you'll see." 

Jesus, made them all go out of the room where the 
little girl lay all pale and dead. After they had all 
gone out but Peter, James and John and the mother and 
father, Jesus took the girl's hand and called, "Little 
girl, I say unto you, arise." It was just like we 
would say, "It's time to get up." 

And she did wake up. She not only woke up but she 
got out of bed and walked around. She was alive again! 
Jesus said for them not to tell anybody about what hap- 
pened but to give the girl something to eat. I'm sure 
that mother couldn't get something to eat fast enough. 
Her daughter had been very. sick and no doubt had eaten 
nothing for a long time. (Continued on page 15) 


VOL, 16 MARCH, 1969 NO. 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul/' 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


When waves of trouble 'round me roll 

And sorrow, pain and loss, 
How sweet to think of our dear Friend 

Who died upon the cross. 

When darkness seems to fill my soul, 

And all the world seems drear, 
Unto the cross of Christ I look 

And then the light appears. 

Oh glorious cross; ch Calvary* s brow 

Where precious blood was shed; 
Unto thy fount the Spirit's power 

Hath many a sinner led. 

Then let thy glorious light shine bright 

Through ages yet to come, 
Till we shall sing the glad new song 

When we arrive at home. 

By Emma Neher, 1898 

Selected by her granddaughter, Thelma Wagner 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine - published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample fcop&s 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Matthew, the publican* sat counting the coins as 
they came grudgingly from the hands of the Jewish tax- 
payers. It was a busy place where the despised publi- 
cans collected the taxes from their countrymen, and it 
was not without many quarrels and hard words that these 
thrifty people were persuaded to part with the money 
demanded by the Roman government. 

But now a different sort of man approached Matthew 1 s 
desk. He made' no move to present His money or His pro- 
tests. His manner was one of quiet authority and His 
words were few: 1 * Follow" iae." Matthew left all, rose 
up, and followed Him. As he followed, he learned more 
of this wonderful Jesus who had called him. He saw 
miracles performed and heard words of truth and practi- 
cal instruction and felt the power of His presence. 

Matthew made a feast far this one. whom he came to 
regard as "Master", No doubt he wanted his publican 
friends to meet and know this man of authority and 
power because he invited many of them to this feast. 
The scribes and Pharisees saw these publicans and began 
to complain to the disciples against them and against 
Jesus Himself. "Why eateth your Master with publicans 
and sinners?" Jesus heard this and answered for Him- 
self: "They that be whole need not a physician, but 
they that are sick. But go ye and learn what that mean- 
e "th, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not 
come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance." 

Again later Jesus and His disciples came under the 
criticism of the Pharisees. This time the disciples 
were hungry, and though it was the sabbath, they began 
to pick the ears of corn from a field they were cross- 
ing. The Pharisees considered even this small amount 
of labor a breech of the law against working on the 
sabbath. "Behold thy disciples do that which is not 


lawful to do upon the sabbath day." In answer, Jesus 
told them what David did when. he and his soldiers were 
hungry and ate .the special shewbread reserved only for 
the priests. "But if ye had known what this mearieth, 
1 SlU k ave mercy , and not sacrifice , ye would not have 
condemned the guiltless" For the Son of man is Lord 
even of the sabbath day. 11 

These words of Jesus, spoken twice, carry special 
meaning for the Pharisees . He quoted from Hosea 6:66, 
n Por I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the know- 
ledge of God more than burnt offerings." These men 
were very careful to observe. the letter of the law re- 
garding sacrifices and burnt offerings. But there were 
more inportant things they were neglecting. Another 
time Jesus told them, " ...Ye pay tithe of mint and anise 
and cummin, and .have omitted the weightier matters of 
the law, judgment, mercy and faith: these ought ye to 
have done, and not to leave the other undone." Jesus 
did not condemn them for what they were observing of 
the law, but for what they were leaving out which was 
more important. Since they were neglecting the most 
important part, it made a sham of the lesser parts 
which they were observing. 

Can this help us to understand better the importance 
of mercy, which one translator calls "readiness to help, 
to spare, to forgive." We are in a season called by 
many professed Christians "lent" preceding the time of 
year that Jesus suffered, died and rose again. At this 
time many make some special sacrifice or deprive them- 
selves of some foods or things they would normally in*- 
dulge in. This is intended as preparation for the 
celebration of the death and resurrection of Jesus and 
the atonement He accomplished. We do not wish to con- 
demn this practice if it can. bring someone closer to 
Christ. But if it is done without the accompanying 
virtues of mercy, love, kindness, faith, then it would 
come under Christ 's condemnation as did the lop-sided 
attitudes of the Pharisees. 

Sacrifices were related to sins. They were ordered 
by God to teach* the Hebrews the consequences of sins 
and 1 the price of the remission of sins. "Without shed- 


ding of blood there is no remission." (Hebrews 9:22) 
But the blood of bulls and- goats could never take away 
sins. It was impossible. (Hebrews 10:4) It could only- 
point to the perfect sacrifice of. Jesus on the cross 
where He shed His blood for the redemption of men. 
"Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, 
Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body- 
hast thou prepared me." Jesus' body was prepared and 
offered as a perfect sacrifice. He was offered once 
for all and there is no other sacrifice for sins. 

God has also given us bodies and we are to present 
them. as a living sacrifice , holy, acceptable unto God. 
(Romans 12:1) But this is not an offering for sin. 
It is. only our reasonable service. May we always remem- 
ber that no amount of sacrifice we can make can atone 
for our sins or for the sins of anyone else. No amount 
of penance, abstinance, or payment can make us clean. 
We must come to Jesus Christ, the sin-bearer, and there 
be washed in His blood and we will be whiter than snow. 
Then we become sons and servants of God, and we have 
reasonable services to perform. 

If we wish to really draw near to God In this season 
as we consider the time vl-en Jesus shed His blood for 
us, let us listen to His words. Let us learn what 
meaneth, "I will have mercy, and not sacrifice ," How 
much we need to improve in the practice of mercy and 
brotherly kindness and charity. Jesus was not ashamed 
or too proud to eat with the publicans because He came 
not to call the righteous but sinners to repentance. 
Here was an opportunity to contact the very ones He 
came to save. The Gospel is still for sinners. There 
Is mercy for sinners who know and confess their sins. 
May we pass along this good news of salvation remember- 
ing to keep the same attitude that Jesus has of mercy 
and kindness. 

Mercy and kindness also must show in our dealings 
with each other. We pray "Forgive us our debts as we 
forgive our debtors." But many times we find we are 
unmerciful even to those we should love the most. We 
say, "He should have known better." or "How could any- 
one do such a thing or say such a thing?" But to have 


harmony and to increase fellowship and love for each 
other , we need this quality of mercy — "readiness to 
help, to spare, to forgive," 

Sacrifice is a service given to men and can be ac- 
complished without really knowing or pleasing God. 
But mercy "is an attribute to God Himself." To accom- 
plish it is pleasing to God and has its reward in mercy 
for ourselves. "Blessed are the merciful for they shall 
shall obtain mercy." — L.C. 


This was the call of the teacher of about one hun- 
dred years ago, summoning his charges to cease their. 
play and to come into the schoolroom for study. 

There was a blend of seriousness and good humour in 
my father's voice as he used to tell of this good teach- 
er who had contributed much to his young life-. We know 
new that the books were of a high standard. Transfer- 
ring their -contents to youthful minds was a, serious 
business. Learning is still. a very serious, matter in 
each ones life. 

It is thought that much of the wisdom of the ancients 
and even public records were stored in the minds of cer- 
tain people with trained memories for this purpose.. 
Some remarkable examples of this have reached down to 
our day* However, records of large libraries in cities 
of Abraham's time and before, all speak of. man's desire 
to read and to be informed. In- books we .have man';s 
studied best. 

Books and reading material are still increasing with 
the -end nowhere in sight even as in Solomon's- time. 
Radio, W*V $ and film seem to only increase the steady 
stream of printed material -from the presses. New li- 
braries are being planned with great confidence. 

There is a wide sale of Bibles in most of the known 
languages. Good Bible-honoring and Bible-based books 
are available in this country and many others. A new 
book a month might well be possible to limited incomes. 
A well chosen library can pay rich dividends for years 
to come. 


It is impossible to measure the power of the printed 
page. Information and suggestion are potent factors in 
our lives . But it is not always easy to draw the line 
between -good and bad literature, 

John Gutenburg, often called " Father of Printing" is 
said to have been almost overwhelmed and torn with 
mixed emotions as he envisioned the great potentiality 
for both good and evil in the. art of printing, Could 
he be here now to view the colossal stacks of printed 
material , no doubt he would feel that his highest hopes 
and worst fears are being realized • 

Jesus said, "Take heed therefore how ye hear. For 
whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever 
hath not ; from him shall be taken even that which he 
seemeth to have. 11 (Luke 8:18) Much of todayfe "hearing" 
is done by reading and viewing. We must use faith in 
our selections and not wander off into sinful literature 
fields of unbelief and sin. Cur choosing in this matter 
of good or evil marks the fullness or emptiness of our 
lives, God measures it back to us as we do or do not 
exercise faith in Him. Good reading strengthens and 
broadens the mind. It helps to develop latent unused 
talents and powers within us. Vision is brightened and 
understanding clarified in this blessed employment. 

Bad reading and viewing inflames the lusts and pride 
of the sinful, fallen nature and, as a narcotic, deadens 
the sensibilities and desire for better things. 

"We must keep ourselves informed," we say, so we 
spend time and money (How much a day?) on the daily 
grist of news. Our Lord warns all of us, "Take heed 
how ye hear." Reading, listening and viewing are all 
channels of entry to mind and soul.- In ceasing to pray 
and leaving these channels of entry unguarded may well 
make spiritual cripples of us or even worse. 

Words and the grouping of words are vehicles for 
carrying thoughts and ideas. Rest assured that good 
reading in faith will help to build a good vocabulary 
and will also make the mind and sensibilities receptive 
and auick to appreciate the works of God all about us. 
There are "sermons in sticks and stones-," as someone 
said. All nature carries God's message to hearts quick- 


ened by the Spirit of God, God has His own libraries 
awaiting our perusal every day: a vast wonderland in- 
deed that speaks a universal language of praise to God« 

General Lee of Civil war fame is said to have been. 
heart-stricken when he learned that his daughters were 
reading novels in his absence, and he wrote letters of 
reproof for wasting valuable time and exposing their, 
youthful minds to folly. 

Both mental and spiritual problems are involved when- 
feeding the mind on the thoughts of others. What would 
seem to be neutral teaching or suggestions must not be 
accepted on its face value* As the outer body grows 
. and developes on natural food, so the inner self feeds 
on the truth; either that or bitter, woeful loss, 


My feet often times grow weary 
When traveling lifers toilsome way, 
And then to find strength and comfort 
I go and in secret I pray, * 

I enter and close the door; 

Jesus and I talk it o r er. 

He comforts, He strengthens and cheers me, 

And I am discouraged no more. 

— Selected by Stella Flora 

Reading is inexpensive entertainment. Over-indul- 
gence leads : to mental indigestion, with '/the mitfd u wool- 
gathering" here .and there while reliving and savoring 
the story over and over. Wasted time, wasted energy 
and lost opportunities tend to . feelings of frustration, 
pessimism ap& dissatisfaction. Mental absorption of 
questionable, and. borderline books hardens the heart 
toward God and sears the conscience to sin„and evil. 

Questionable and bad reading can easily become a 
habit that reduces one's soul to slavery as' bad as nar- 
cotics or alcohol, and will be as hard to break, There 
is no place to stop. Unseen, evil forces approach and 
molest the mind in unexpected places. A Christian who 
indulges should know that his testimony and peace of 


mind are at stake. Unless there is repentance and con- 
fession to God , the situation can only get worse, 

Reading a book to see how bad it is, is a delusion 
of Satan. Whether the super criticism of the skeptic 
from the heights of educational folly, the subverting 
of the truth by false prophets, or the depths of blas- 
phemy, profanity and gutter-wallowing; all are alike 
dangerous and designed by the wicked one to rob us of 
the precious truth found in our wonderful Lord Jesus. 
It is so easy to sin vicariously In sympathy with the 
portrayed high and low sins of mankind. 

While considering this we must also notice the power 
of penetration by these " fiery darts n of the wicked one. 
They assail both eye and ear gates to strike deep into 
a life and leave a poison on the mind and memory that 
might well linger long there with sad results. We might 
as well carry a poisonous reptile in our clothing. We 
should understand that evil spirits accompany bad bocks 
and films to do the devil's work in the heart, in the 
home and in the church. 

In this awful avalanche of evil books and film of 
today, many apparent strongholds for God are being swept 
away as with a tidal wave. We must not despair j we 
still have God ! s Word, the Rock of Ages. The Bible is 
still going forth in great power in most of the differ- 
ent languages. Satan's scientific lies and base allure- 
ments are being challenged by courageous men in positive 
terms. Spiritual writings of the past contain much 
present-day truth. 

Necessary as it is to shun these evil books and films, 
it is not enough of itself. The Spirit-enlightened mind 
seeks for added vision and strength from God at what- 
ever cost. We come to God's Book again and again asking, 
seeking, knocking i And God gives — how richly He gives 
help In just the right place. Gifted writers and speak- 
ers have done much and will continue to do more as we 
ilnportune God. They bear a great responsibility indeed, 
and are especially needed by the young, -impressionable 
minds of believers. Good pieces of literature are 
treasure boxes of truth, ready at a moment f s notice. 

Reading and viewing for the Christian must be with 


a fixed purpose and should be so named in the mind, 
"Study," said the Apostle Paul, but like the children 
of a hundred years ago, we would rather play. There 
should be a victory in our mental and spiritual absorp- 
tion of knowledge where we are lead by the Holy Spirit 
to good teachers and good books. 

A good classification of good literature is found in 
I Corinthians 12:28 in the word "helps'*. It is a great 
help to know what other Christians have learned. Not 
only so, but a Bible-based mind needs to do some explor- 
ing, investigating and much comparing. Studies in 
trades and in business are becoming more and more neces- 
sary in making a living. Reading is recognized as a 
basic study and acquirement. 

The Apostle Paul writing in his cell (II Timothy 
4-13) wished for his cloak to help him keep warm, but 
his appeal, "Especially the parchments," shows his great 
need for good literature. It might well have been in- 
cluded in his final instruction in Philippians 4:8, 

"Whatsoever things are true. . .honest. . .just. . .pure 

lovely and of good report; if there be any virtue, if 
there be any praise, think on these things." 

— James D. Cover 
Modesto, California 


The Bible is the mind of God, 

Its thoughts are deep and pure. 

The words this precious book records, 

Forever shall endure. 

It is a plan on which we see 

And read the Father's' will. 

The glory of His worthy name, 

All heaven and earth does fill. 

God's servants in the days of yore, 
Transcribed His words and mind. 
His mighty works and wondrous deeds, 
Are in this book combined. 


Compassion, lovfc and sympathy 
Are- on its page enscrolled. 
He does the sweetness of His name 
To human hearts unfold. 

The. Bibl$- is the Book of books,. 
• A message from on. high* . \* r . m . 

Embrace it now while yet we live* 
You'll need it when you die. 
The author of this book divine , 
Each page with truth has blest. 
*Tis He who simply calls to us; 
"Come to me and rest. 1 * 

Selected -by Dora Royer 


One of the most widely read books of all time is 
"The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. 11 Written 
in 1788 by Edward Gibbon * it sets forth five basic 
reasons why that great civilization withered and died» 
These were: 

— The undermining of the dignity and sanctity of the 
home, which is the basis for human society. 

— Higher and higher taxes; the spending of public 
money for free bread and circuses for the populace. 

— The mad craze for. pleasure; sports becoming every 
year more exciting, more brutal, more inporal. 

— The building of great armaments when the real 
enemy was within — the decay of individual responsibility* 

— The decay of. .religion; faith fading into mere form, 
losing touch with life, losing power to guide the people. 

The oft-heard warning that "history repeats itself* 
has an ominous meaning in the light of the above. 

• Selected by Clay Wagner 
from the "P.G.&E. Progress" 




The respite at Antiach was almost the complete un- 
doing of the Crusade. Not only did 'the Crusader bar- 
ons quarrel over who was to control Antioch, but Bishop 
Adhemar, the official leader died (August 1, 1098)* 
This caused further confusion as many of the barons 
desired to be the leader, Raymond of Saint-Gilles in 
particular desired the title and attempted to buy his 
way to the position . The quarrel among the barons con- 
tinued until January 5j» 1099, when the common people 
of the army broke into open rebellion. Many of these 
people had seen the goal of the Crusade as the liber- 
ation of the Holy Sepulchre from the Moslems. They 
threatened to destroy all the cities they had* conquered 
unless the barons would resume the march on to Jeru- 

On January 13 , 1099., the march resumed with Raymond 
of Saint-Gilles at its head. He had won the coveted 
post as leader by offering to lead the army on to Jeru- 
salem — barefoot and dressed in sackcloth. The remain- 
der of the quarreling barons stayed at Antioch. - 
Raymond's army was now reduced to about 6,000^ but the 
Moslems still held the European invaders in awe from 
earlier successes. Raymond was able to conquer many 
Syrian towns but required the assistance of Godfrey,, 
a rival baron> to take Arqa — a mission* which was un- 
necessary to the outcome of the Crusade other than in- 
creasing the spoils.. 

It was on this march that Peter Bartholomew was put 
to the test. He was still clinging to the vision of 
the Holy Lance in spite of increased feelings that the 
lance was no more than a piece of rusty iron. Finally 
Arnulf Malecorne, chaplain to the Duke of Normandy 
challenged Peter to prove the authenticity of the lance 
by submitting to an ordeal by fire. The challenge of 
the chaplain was readily accepted. About two weeks 


later Peter died of massive burns.. The effect of this 
was to discredit the lance and Raymond of Saint-GIlles 
who had held it to be genuine while Godfrey of Bouillon 
became the popular leader. 

The Crusaders finally reached Jerusalem on June 7, 
1099* This was the goal for which they had been striv- 
ing for three years. It was said -that the Joy of the 
men was such that no man was able to hold back the 
tears. The final struggle remained, however. At this 
particular time the area surrounding Jerusalem was ex- 
tremely hot. In addition, the Moslems had ample time 
to prepare for the anticipated siege and had poisoned 
water in some wells and had stopped up others ; The 
men were now weary after a long. march, and supplies 
were dangerously* low. It was questionable whether the 
initial joy at reaching the desired goal would compen- 
sate for the lack of supplies. .■■■Would the morale of the 
■ Crusaders remain high in the face of adversity? 

The first assault ori Jerusalem on June 13, 1099 was 
a complete failure costing many lives. It became ob- 
vious that Jerusalem was so well fortified that massive 
engines of war would have to be constructed. Thus the 
armies waited while three large wooden siege towers 
were constructed by the engineers and carpenters under 
Godfrey > Raymond, and Tancred who had rejoined the main 
Crusader army. During this time Peter the Hermit led 
many to the Jordan River where he baptized them. 

When the assault towers were finally completed one 
month after the siege began, a second assault was begun 
on July 13, 1099/ The battle continued fiercely for 
two days until Godfrey and his brother Eustace were 
able to breech the walls. With the Crusaders inside 
Jerusalem, the pitch of the battle increased.. They 
were now determined to gain complete victory or die, 
while the Moslems fought with a ferocity that showed 
they would allow only a very costly victory. The re- 
sult was a massacre which has been regarded as one of 
the great crimes of history. Even with victory assured 
those who claimed to be n soldiers of Christ" continued 
the senseless slaughter of men, women and children. 
The entire Jewish community was shut in the synagogue 


and consumed in a fire set by Crusaders, Historians 
are generally agreed that very few of the inhabitants 
of Jerusalem escaped the slaughter. When the battle 
was over an estimated 40,000, mostly innocent civilians, 
had been killed. 

Before the slaughter was complete the Crusader 
barons gathered at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. 
With tears of joy they knelt at the place where the 
body of Jesus was said to have been laid. n To each 
one it seemed as though he saw the body of Jesus Christ 
still lying there, all dead..."! Jerusalem had been 
delivered from the hands of the infidel. Swiftly the 
tidings were sent back to Europe. Before the news 
could reach him, however, Pope Urban II died on July 
29, 1099. 

All that now remained for the Crusaders was to se- 
lect who should remain as King of Jerusalem. Once 
again, Godfrey of Bouillon and Raymond of Saint-Gilles 
found themselves opposing each other for the position 
of leadership* Godfrey was selected because of his 
piety and natural ability as a leader. With the King- 
dom of Jerusalem thus established many of the Crusaders 
were to begin the long journey homeward. 


*• The Crusades , Harold Lamb. 
2 ' T}ie Crusades , Zoe Oldenbourg. 
3* The Crusaders , Regine Pernoud. 

—Glen Shirk 
San Francisco 


We, the members of the Old Brethren Church in Canada, 
Ohio, and Indiana have chosen April 5 and 6 as the date 
for our Spring Communion to be held at the Wakarusa 
meeting house, the Lord willing. 

We extend a hearty invitation for all who can to 
come and be with us at that time. 

— Elmer Brovont 


In Memory of Anna May Bowman. • 

We come to the Border Line, where time and eternity 
are close together, where meeting $nd parting takes 
place at birth and death, in the twilight of the dim- 
ming lights of time that glow along the border line of 
the darkening of the setting sun. No penetrating rays 
of earthly light illuminates the land of death where 
flows the dark river, for the Border Line has its place 
excluding all that is earthly, and only the lantern of 
the faith of Jesus lights the way of the lonely sojourn- 
er faring forth across this darksome Border Line where 
angels of eternal light await the crossing of the Chris- 
tian pilgrim emerging into the angelic lighted rays 
where each faithful traveller is welcomed and escorted 
home to the glory land of rest. When Jesus comes He 
breaks throught the Border Line which will pass away 
.with heaven and earth • 

Mother has gone just passing on 

The road to peace and rest; 
The way was long, sorrow and song, 

Sun setting in the west. 

Sister has passed to home at last 

Away from loved ones here; 
But coming to, beyond the blue, 

To meet with those so dear. 

Companion gone to glorious dawn 

To rest in slumberland, 

In calm repose, no tempest blows 
Upon that golden strand. 

Faithful and true, willing to do 

The simple Christian life; 
Trying to stay far and away 

From all the ways of strife. 

A light to shine patient .and fine 
• Upon the City hill, 


To be at peace, bid trouble cease > 
A mother's place td fill, 

"We travel on till day is gone, >•*. - , t . 
The battle to be won, *■•■-"■ ■_.* l . 

To meet at last when storms are past,. 
And all our labor done. 

— J. I. "Cover m '■;'. — 

* ■^ , ' * 
BIBLE WORD REVIEW - •-■:■.- ; - 

RUDIMENT— The first principle or element from which 
^development takes place; that which is in an undeveloped 
state; an unformed or unfinished beginning; an element 
or first principle, of any art of science; especially 
in the plural; the beginnings, first steps, or intro- 
duction to any branch of knowledge; the^ elements or 
elementary notions. 

The great difference between the -Christian viewpoint 
and that of the worldly-minded person is that the Chris- 
tian sees with an eye of faith the things which are re- 
vealed by the Spirit. The worldly, or unregenerated 
person sees only from a point of materia,.], .reasoning, 
which is often influenced by traditions- »nd philbso- ; 
phies of men. : " 

The Apostle Paul warns the Colossianp to "Beware 
lest .any man spoil (rob) you through, philosophy and' 
vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rud- 
iments of the world, and not after Christ. (Col. : 2:8) 

We,, as Christians today, need to beware also 1 . How 
tragiq it would be for anyone to be robbed of . the sweet 
relationship which is ours in Christ. Today, as per-, 
haps never before, the materialistic elements of the 
world are making inroads upon Christendom. The /Word 
of God is under attack from all angles, and even some 
influential religious- leaders are denying its 'divine 
truth and authority. But perhaps more deceptive are 
the subtle philosophies which infer that the Bible is 
cut-dated and impractical for us now. Surely it be- 
hooves us to beware in these perilous times. 

— Marain Crawmer 


CHILDREN'S PAGE ^? , r „ ort 

Matt, 15:21-28 


After Jesus had taught and healed many people in the 
land of Galilee He traveled to the Mediterranean coast 
and then northward to the country of Phenicia, This 
was a country outside of the land of Israel > aand His 
disciples probably wondered what Jesus was doing away 
from the chosen people of God, But Jesus had something 
to teach them. As they came to the country that is be- 
tween the cities of Tyre and Sidon, Jesus entered a 
house hoping that no one would know where He was, I 
suppose He was tired and needed to rest, but His fame 
had spread even to foreign lands and He could not be hid. 

A woman who was a Greek came to Jesus and fell at 
His feet and said, u Have mercy on me, Lord, thou son 
of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a. devil. " 

At first Jesus didn't answer her, and His disciples 
said; "Send her away." 

Then Jesus answered the woman and said, "I was only 
sent unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel." (or 
to the people of Israel,) 

Then the woman came and worshipped Jesus, saying 9 
"Lord, help me." 

Surely this must have touched the heart of Jesus , 
but He replied, "It isn't right to take the children 1 s 
bread and to cast it to dogs." 

The woman knew that Jesus had the power to heal her 
daughter and that no one else did. She was determined 
not to give up and said, "True, Lord; yet the dogs eat 
of the crumbs which fall from their masters 1 table." 

Then Jesus answered, "O woman, great is thy faith: 
be it unto thee even as thou wilt." 

And when the woman went to her house she found her 
daughter lying on a bed and in her right mind. She was 
completely healed as only Jesus can heal. 

Let us remember to ask Jesus to help us when we have 
need. Jesus has the power to do anything, and He will 
always do what is best for us. 

— Rudolph E. Cover 


VOL, 16 APRIL, 1969 _ NO. 4 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the -soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


There are days of deepest sorrow, 

In the seasons of our life. 
There are wild despairing moments; 

There are hours of deepest strife. 
There are hours of stony anguish 

When the tears refuse to. fall. 
But the waiting time, my brother, 

Is the hardest time of all. 

Youth and love are oft impatient, 

Seeking things beyond their reach, 
And the heart grows faint with hoping 

Ere it learns what life can teach. 
But before the fruits be gathered, 

We must see the blossoms fall, 
And the waiting time, my brother, 

Is the hardest time of all. 

When at length we T ve learned the lesson, 

That God knoweth what is best, 
And the silent resignation 

Makes the spirit calm and blest; 
But perchance the day is coming 

For the changing of our fate 
When our hearts will thank Him meekly 

That He taught us how to wait. 

Selected by Bertie Baker 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magaiine published monthly in the interests ot the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


David Hume, the English skeptic of the previous cen- 
tury, once said, "I never saw a man rise from the dead; 
therefore I do not believe in the resurrection. 11 David 
Hume had the idea that unless he saw someone rise from 
the dead it could not possibly happen. The skeptic al- 
ways sets up his own mind as the last judge, his own ex- 
perience as the last testing ground for reality. The 
Christian .faith has had as one of its basic beliefs ever 
since the beginning that Jesus Christ rose from the dead 
and that the tomb where He lay is empty. Has the be- 
liever been. duped? Has the church been misled? Is the 
skeptic right? '" 

We do not believe the resurrection is a fabrication. 
We is a reality. It does not appear that the 
disciples who wrote the Gospels were in any sense duped. 
To focus our attention on resurrection reality we select 
Luke 24 as the basis of our arguments which we trust 
will surely bolster our faith in the reality of the 

Who wrote the Gospel? Traditionally, Luke the physi- 
cian wrote It. He was a Greek, The Greeks, we learn, 
were men who brought to birth the scientific age. Luke, 
the Greek, lived in a day when there was a knowledge ex- 
plosion. The Apostle Paul said, "Greeks seek after wis- 
dom." Luke, the Greek, was trained in the art of think- 
ing. He knew what it was to seek after wisdom. Yet he 
wrote with candor and certainty about the resurrection 
of Jesus Christ. 

Luke was more than just an ordinary Greek. He was a 
medical doctor. He was interested in helping the sick 
get well; in keeping the well from getting sick. His 
prime interest was to save life. Once death came, how- 
ever, he was .taught to" accept It as final. He would 
hardly have expected to bring back to life one who had 


died. Yet it was Luke, the Greek, the scientist, the 
doctor, who gave us some of the most salient facts about 
the resurrection of Christ. He said he traced out every- 
thing accurately from the beginning (1:1-4) > and in this 
twenty-fourth chapter he put the capsheaf on the minis- 
try of Jesus of Nazareth with the report that He rose 
from the dead. Take care therefore if you argue against 
himl He has every advantage, being scientifically 
trained and a medical doctor. He said with confidence, 
"Jesus Christ rose from the dead." Resurrection reality 
is established by the one who reported it. 

When you begin to read Luke 24, you find already in 
the second verse that the stone was rolled away from the 
sepulcher. It was not of any concern as to how the 
stone was rolled away. The fact is simply stated. When 
women came to the tomb, they found the stone rolled away 
from the sepulcher. There it was. The door of the se- 
pulcher was open for all to see. The tomb was empty i 
The women who came and found the stone rolled away and 
the tomb empty had come with their spices and ointments 
to honor the dead. They entered it and found not the 
body of the Lord Jesus. The object of their mission 
was never fulfilled. 

But the stone was rolled away and the tomb was empty 
for all to see. Resurrection reality is established 
by the empty tomb. 

The doctor did not stop with the empty tomb. He 
brought forth the witnesses. Who were they? First were 
the two men in shining garments who said, "Why seek ye 
the living among* the dead? He is not here, but is 
risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet 
in Galilee, saying, The Son of man' must be delivered 
into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the 
third day rise again." He is not here but He is risen! 
Remember! Two men in shining garments witnessed to the 

The women — who were they? They were Mary Magdalene, 
Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and "other women that 
were with them, which told these things unto the apos- 
tlesi" Some were namedj some unnamed. You see them — 
frightened, startled, excited, bursting with news. He 



Is risen! The tomb is empty I 

- peter, curious Peter, struck out for the sepulcher 
and ran to it, looked in, saw the linen clothes laid by 
"themselves, and departed wondering within himself at 
that which had come to pass. Later In verse 34 the re- 
port is given that Peter saw the risen Lord. He saw 
the empty tomb. He saw the risen Lord, 

It was the men. It was the women. It was Peter. 
It was Gleopas and his companion journeying by foot to 
Emmaus and discussing the events of recent days when 
One joined them and walked along inquiring of their 
sorrow* By the discussion between them He learned that 
one, Jesus of Nazareth, had been crucified, had been 
buried, and now certain women had been to the tomb and 
reported that He had risen from the dead. It was only 
in the breaking of bread in the home at Emmaus that 
Gleopas and his companion knew Him and He vanished out 
of their sight. 

The eleven also were witnesses, Gleopas and his com- 
panion hurried back to Jerusalem, found the eleven and 
others who reported, n The Lord is risen indeed, and 
hath appeared to Simon." They told and told again their 
experience of meeting the Master and that in the break- 
ing of bread they had recognised Him. 

You have them: witnesses of heaven and earth, men 
of integrity, women of integrity, named, who say, "He 
is risen from the dead." Resurrection reality is es- 
tablished by faithful witnesses. 

But this was not all; there was the Master Himself, 
He came to them while they were recounting the exper- 
iences of the day. He stood among them and said, "Peace 
be unto you." Here was proof positive, for the One who 
was crucified had risen from the dead and stood before 
them. He showed them His hands and feet and said, 
"Handle me^ and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and 
bones, as ye see me have." But while they were still 
doubting that this could possibly be the Lord and 
Savior, He asked for a piece of broiled fish and honey- 
comb and ate it before them, Jesus Christ, Himself, 
the Master, stood among them, spoke peace to them, 
showed them that it was the same body in which He was 


crucified — that He arose from the dead* Resurrection 
reality is established as the writer sets before us the 
Master Himself, 

Luke did not stop with the empty tomb, with the wit- 
nesses , with the Master, but moved on to the message. 
From the mouth of Jesus he quoted it, "Thus it behoved 
Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third 
day: and that repentance and remission of- sins should 
be preached in his name among all nations* . »" Man is 
out of joint, out of step with the holy God. God pro- 
vided the atonement when He graciously offered His own 
Son. to be the sacrifice and Savior of man. By repents 
ance and confession man who is out of step with God can 
find forgiveness and remission of sins. He died to 
atone for our sins. He rose for our justification. 
God has set aside in Christ the sentence of death that 
hangs over all mankind* We have a living Savior. 
Resurrection reality is established in the work of gr?Lce 
which makes sons of God out of believers of all nations . 
The arguments for resurrection reality have been set 
in array* The author, a scientific man, would hardly 
have been duped when the witness came that the tomb was 
empty. He would have gone and investigated. No doubt' 
he did. He could have talked with the women who were 
there. No doubt he did. He could have talked with 
Peter, Cleopas and his companion* No doubt he did. 
The witnesses said the tomb was empty. They reported 
that the Master had stood among them with peace, had 
shown them His hands and feet, had eaten. Here was 
one who died and rose again so that repentance and re- 
mission of sins might be preached to all nations. We 
accept the record as true. H He is not here; He is 
risen." Amen. 

By J. Otis Yoder 

Selected from the "Gospel Herald 11 

"Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the 
evidence of things not seen." Therefore faith shouts 
the victory when victory is not seen. 

From the "Evangel Herald" 



"This is the day which the Lord. hath made; we will 
rejoice and be glad in it." (Psalm 118;24) 

According to the context, this verse refers to the 
day of salvation _, the day of Jesus Christ. Symbolic of 
this day of grace is the. Lord's day — the first day of 
the week. On this day Jesus rose to claim victory over 
death and over the adversary who brought about death. 
Each week we have the privilege, if we will, of honoring 
this great accomplishment of our Lord's by remembering 
His day. 

Though this day seems similar to the Jewish sabbath 
and is sometimes called the sabbath, it really is not. 
Neither can it be observed like the sabbath. The sab- 
bath called for special sacrifices, limited travel and 
ceasing from work* The sabbath is fulfilled in the life 
of the Christian when he "ceases from his own works" and 
enters into God's rest. On the Lord's day we celebrate 
new life. Instead of taking the life of beasts and 
oirds and resting into inactivity, we have a day of wor- 
ship, dedication and publishing the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ, A new era with new life and new hopes also 
calls for a new day of worship. 

Since the early church, Christians have been assem- 
bling for worship on the Lord r s day. But there is a 
trend now in some circles to shorten and de-emphasise 
this service. In some cases it is held early so it 
will not interfere with the more exciting activities of 
the day such as boating, fishing, skiing and picnicking. 

But let us follow the words of the writer of the 
epistle to the Hebrews: "Not forsaking the assembling 
of ourselves together , as the manner of some is; but 
exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see 
the day approaching." This day can be a rest in the 
sense that it is a break from our weekly routine of 
business. But let us not think that our observance of 
this day is pleasing to Christ if we use it merely as 
a time to catch up on our sleep, or idly read worldly 
books and magazines, or plan the next week's work, or 


; H get away for the day.' 1 Or If we simply, do nothing on 
Sunday, we may as well be on our regular, jobs or work 
at something constructive. * Activities,, meditations 
and thoughts that are not right an the Lord's day are 
- also wrong the rest of the week.. 

We can rest on the Lord's day. We. can rea4 good 
things.. Let us keep this day principally .for the things 
of God — for .fellowship which we all need. go greatly — 
for prayer and meditation, and for service .to Christ. 
This is one time each week when we can :: §ay, ,UI Lord, I 
work six-, days for my living. This first day I will 
devote to the promotion of Thy cauqe." Then our whole 
week will be a ^blessed one. — L.C.- I 

This . is the day the Lord hath made,,, 
He, call's the hour^s His own;. ' \ !'/* \ 
,Let. heaven rejoice*/ let earth be" glad, 
■■, And .praise surround^His throne V ... 

- Today -He rose and -left f&fe dead,- 

•And' S^tdn' 1 s empire' 'fell; ■• ~ l -< '''■"■ ~ ■• 
Today 'may -'saint si "their 'triumph" Spread, 
And £I1\ His wonders •■tell;^ p '- ; 

This day we;; holy^a^, 
• This day to heaven belong^-; - 
Raised to new life, we will,, employ 
In .melody our tongues. ;?| k 

Hosannati, /.;the anointed King,:''* ;'/ 
.Of Israel's holy Son; " :; "' * ' l ' 
Help us, OLord, descend and bring. 
Salvation from thy throne. 

Hymn 102 


For centuries mankind has been seeking for ways of 
peace and in quest for solutions to resolve the issues 
of war. We recall that Christ did not promise cessation 
from conflict, but rather, He said there would be "wars 
and rumors of wars. 

Fame and honor are bestowed upon those who have won 


triumphs on the field of battle. For an example , the 
Gettysburg Battlefield of the Civil War is dotted with 
monuments everywhere giving recognition to those who 
fought and died on this gory field of conflict. 

There are equestrian statues of famous generals over 
the grounds. We were told that the placing of the hors- 
es feet indicated whether the rider was wounded or 
killed or if he came through unhurt. If the four feet 
were down, the horseman came through uninjured, as was 
the case with Gen. Robert E. Lee. If one hoof was lift- 
ed, this would mean the officer had been wounded, but 
if two hooves were raised, then the horseman had been 
killed in this terrible battle. 

It is not the purpose of this theme, however, to 
speak of a peace obtained through the art of war, but 
rather to give mention to some whose lives bear record 
to the conquests of peace — peacemakers whom Christ was 
pleased to call "The children of God." 

It was our privilege this past fall to visit the 
birthplace of John Greenleaf Whittier, the 200 year old 
homestead near Haverhill, Massachusetts. 

Thomas Whittier, the great -great-grandfather of the 
poet, settled in this locality around the year of 1640. 
He is said to have been a man of huge stature weighing 
three hundred pounds. He was a large man physically 
but was noted not only for the "heaviness of his hand, 
out for his justice of dealings." He made friends with 
the Indians far and wide, and during the dreadful Duston 
raid, his home was unmolested. 

One must appreciate also the far-sightedness which 
prompted Thomas Whittier to choose the site he did to 
build a home, for this was to house five generations of 
Whittiers. It was in the area of Fernside Brook which 
could furnish the water power needed. His choice was 
appreciated, as the following verse from his great-great- 
grandson poet expresses: 

Wise was the choice which led our sires 
To kindle here their household fires 
And share the large content of all 
Whose lines in pleasant places fall. 
More dear as years on years advance 


We prize the old inheritance. 

Thomas Whittier and his family of ten children lived 
in a log cabin for forty one years* His five sons were 
over six feet in height. At the age of 68 he built the 
spacious farmhouse which remains so well preserved to 
this day # He was mindful, too, to bring the first bee 
hive to the parish. 

The only monument to the memory of this man of peace 
is a simple granite shaft in a little grassy plot sur- 
rounded by a stone enclosure. 

A strong garrison house was built in the vicinity of 
the Whittiers as a refuge in case of an Indian raid. 
This was not used by the Whittiers. It is said that 
during one of these raids, the Indians, whose faces 
were covered with war paint, peered through the kitchen 
windows at the peaceful Quaker family, but they remained 
in their home. 

According to the records, it was John Greenleaf 
Whittier 1 s great-grandmother, Mary Peaslee, who brought 
the Quaker beliefs to the Whittier family. Thomas 
Whittier was not a Quaker but was a friend of George Fox 
and was in sympathy with their beliefs. 

The desk of great-grandfather, Joseph, (husband of 
Mary Peaslee) is in the large kitchen- sitting room at 
the Whittier birthplace. It was on this desk that the 
poet wrote his first rhymes as well as his last poem 
in his 85th year, and also his first pamphlet on anti- 
slavery, "Justice and Expediency." 

Many of his poems were in the anti-slavery group. 
He gave much of himself to the cause, even at his own 
peril. He was attending the fifth day meeting at the 
Quaker meeting house in Amesburg when he heard the bells 
proclaiming the Constitutional Amendment abolishing 
slavery. It is said the poem, "Laus Deo" came to him 
as he sat listening to the bells. He said the verses 
really "wrote themselves." He had given thirty years 
of his life to bring about this event, and his whole 
life went out in praise to God. Here are two of the 

verses? tm . , 

"Ring and swing, 

Bells of joyj Cn morning's wing 

10 . ; ...-.-. THE PILGRIM 

.Send the song abroad I 
With. a sound of broken, chains; 
Tell" the 1 nations that He "reigns 

"Who 'alone is Lord and God. 

"How they pale 
Ancient myth' and song and tale, 

In this wonder of our days, 
When the cruel rod of -war • 
Blossoms white with righteous law, 

And the wrath of man is praise! ■" 

.. -Yes, these have served - their day and generation. 
Though no monuments have been raised to these great and 
good, men, they have left -their -footprints on the "sands . 
of time." We close with John Greenleaf Whittier ! s verse, 
and make it our -own meditation and prayer. 

"Our lives are albums written through 
With good or ill, with false or true; 
And ~as the blessed Mangels, turn 
' The pages of our years, 
4 ' ".God grant they read the good with smiles, 
* And blot the ill wit h* tears." 

. ■;' ...... . — Miriam E. Hanson 

.Dayton, Ohio 


■Are you discouraged? Press on; don*t give way; 
Know -there will Come a brighter new day. 

Are you, dismayed? Cast out all fear. 
, Be- of , ; good courage; Sod is right here. . i 

Are you distracted? Surrender self-will, 
;Today you may hear His "Peace, be still*" 

Are you disparaged? Cleave to the right; 
God will defend you;, walk in the light. 

. From "The Grit" ■. 

^elected, by Mary Lavy 





The First Crusade resulted in victory for the Crusad- 
ers and the establishment of four feudal states along 
the eastern Mediterranean coast, comprising a narrow 
strip of land about 400 miles long. These were Antioch 3 
Edessa (which was east of Antioch and completely in- 
land) , Tripolis, and Jerusalem. Because the Crusaders 
who remairied to govern this area were mostly French, 
these states were patterned after the French feudal 
model and- became known as the Prankish States, The . 
original plan was for these states to become vassal" 
states of the Roman Church with the Patriarch of Jeru- 
salem ruling as regent for the pope. However , this 
plan was dealt a blow when Godfrey was selected as ' 
ruler of Jerusalem, and all hope of an ecclesiastical 
state vanished a year later when Baldwin I of Ede.ssa 
succeeded his brother Godfrey and was named king of 
Jerusalem. While these states were, in theory, inde- 
pendent of each other, Jerusalem, because it was the 
site of the Holy Sepulchre, was pre-eminent. 

The number of Europeans that remained to defend and 
govern these states was pitifully few when compared 
with the resident Moslems, making it surprising that 
these states were able to exist ♦ Indeed one of 
Baldwin's chief problems on learning that he had been 
named to succeed Godfrey was to make his way safely 
from Edessa to Jerusalem. Because of the lack of men 
and funds for the defense of the area, the burden of 
defense rested on the Knights of St. John (Hospitallars) 
and the Knights of the Temple (Templars). These were. 
two religious-military orders who were highly favore.d 
by the pope* Originally the Knights of St. John had 
been established to provide hospitals and lodging as 
well as protection for pilgrims to the Holy Land prior 
to the First Crusade. Defense for the area was provided 


for in the form of strategic fortresses located through- 
out the states . These two orders maintained an intense 
rivalry which was to contribute to the instability of 
the area * 

While the Crusader States were founded by the armies 
of the Latin or Roman Church, few members of this 
church lived there. While more Christians lived in 
the towns than formerly ,. many were Syrian or Byzantine 
Christians. There were also large numbers of Mono- 
physites (Jacobites) who were considered heretics by 
the papacy. At this time many still. hoped that the 
breach between the Roman Church and the Byzantine 
Church could be healed. This breach was widened by 
the desire of the Crusaders to have a Latin Patriarch 
over Jerusalem in place of the Byzantine Patriarch* 
Eventually with the death of the Byzantine Patriarch 
a Latin Patriarch was appointed over Jerusalem.. His 
political power remained secondary to King Baldwin's 
however. Even though Christianity was in ascendancy 
in the Prankish States, it should be remembered that 
the area had had a large Moslem population prior to the 
First Crusade, and large numbers of Moslems still lived 
in the country. 

As might be imagined, the political situation of : 
the Frankish States was extremely complex. While the 
major division seemed to be between the Christians and 
the Moslems, there remained many divisions among both 
groups. As has already been pointed out, the Christians 
were split into many smaller groups based not only on 
national and regional interests but on a doctrinal 
basis as well. Certainly personal advancement was a 
divisive factor in many cases. In addition to the 
rivalry between the Templ&rs and the Hospitallars and 
the feuds between the various Crusader barons, there 
was competition between Genoa, Venice and Pisa for the 
trading rights and port facilities in the area. These 
cities, to be sure, contributed men and material to 
the defense of the area and many supplies as well, but 
they also contributed to instability of the political 

No doubt one of the factors which allowed for the 


initial victory of the Crusaders and the existence of 
the states was the divided condition of the Moslems 
themselves. Contrary to the belief of many, the Mos-» 
lems were not of one national background. Included 
were Arabs, Egyptians, Syrians, and Turks. At that 
time there were two great Moslem empires centered in 
Bagdad and Cairo. The Holy Land had long been a buffer 
zone for these two and had passed from one to the other 
as their fortunes waxed and waned. The real loss was 
not the land but the defeat of Christianity over Islam. 
The land had been troublesome to administer because of 
the numbers of Christians living there. Although the 
Crusaders were resisted by the Inhabitants of the land, 
it was not as though the population was losing its in- 
depend ance but rather gaining a new conqueror. 

The Frankish rule might have been tolerable* for the 
Moslems had it not been for the extreme religious in- 
tolerance of the western Europeans. They were condi- 
tioned to believe that the Moslems had no rights as 
they were infidels. This was first shown by the ex- 
treme slaughter of the Moslem residents of Jerusalem, 

Of all the states, the Crusader's hold on the County 
of Edessa (the inland state) was most precarious. As 
early as 1127 A.D. there were threats from the Moslem 
armies who were beginning to unite under Zangi, Atabeg 
of Mosul. He was intensely interested in the cause of 
Islam and began a campaign against the Franks which 
was as fervant as that of the Europeans in the First 
Crusade. In 1144 A.D. he was able to take Edessa from 
the Crusaders. This was to mark the beginning of the 
decline of the European domination of this area and 
was the Inpetus for the calling of the Second Crusade. 

— Glen Shirk 

San Francisco, California 

Nicotine is a fast-acting poison. Fifty milligrams 
will kill a human if injected into a vein. Each " 
cigarette contains approximately 20 milligrams of 
nicotine, but only a small amount is taken in by the 
body. Selected 



INIQUITY — Unequal; lack of righteousness or justice; 
wickedness; sin; a wicked or unjust act* 

In scripture this word is often used in connection . 
with the word "sin", and it is very closely related to 
it. Sin, however, may be the stronger of the two words. 

The Apostle John tells us that '"Whosoever committeth 
sin transgresseth also the lawr for sin is the trans- 
gression of the law." (I John. 3:4) In -Romans 5:13> ; 
Paul explains that sin is not imputed where there is 
no law. This indicates to us that sin is a wilful act . 
of disobedience, whereas iniquity may be committed in 

The wickedness of heathen nations and cities of Old 
Testament times was often referred to as their iniqui- 
ties, for which they were sometimes destroyed, as was 
the case with Sodom and Gomorrah* 

The basic nature of humanity is selfish. Therefore 
unregenerated man, without the guiding influence of the 
Holy Spirit, is by nature a worker of iniquity. 

"Nevertheless: the foundation of God standeth sure, 
having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. 
And, let every one that nameth. the name of Christ depart 
from Iniquity," (II Timothy 2:19) 

— Marvin Crawmer 

I am my neighbor's Bible; 
He reads me when we meet. 
Today he reads me in my home, 
Tomorrow in the street. 
Vie may be relative or friend, 
Or slight acquaintance be; 
He may not even know my name, 
let he is reading me. 

Selected by Stella Flora 



Awake , my soul, arise and sing- 

The harmony and joy of spring, 
Of life renewed with glory bright , 
. That bursting forth away from night . 

The time when all that dormant lay- 
Awaits the sunlight's breaking day; 

Breaks forth in beauty 1 s springtime power, 
The happy time, the golden, hour. 

When Jesus died upon the cros's, 

The richest gain, the keenest less 

Lay buried where His body lay, 

Through blackest night and darkened day. 

Saddened and stunned His loved ones went 
To region's darkened mournful tent; 
.:_ Their wounded love, their deepest gloom 
Was centered in the garden tomb. 

Then springtime joy of blessed hope 
Bid His dear loved ones no more grope, 

No more despondent ways to see. 
But dazzling rays of victory. 

For Jesus Christ's great power to save 
Took His 'own body from the grave 

In bursting power with angels bright, 
Arose to shine in Heaven's light." 

— J . I . Cover 


The Annual Meeting of the Old Brethren, Church will 
be held, the Lord willing, on ljay-23, 24 and 25 at the 
Salida meeting house, Salida, California. A hearty 
invitation and welcome Is extended to rail the brethren 
.and sisters and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 



Luke 7:19-30 

Would you like to be put in jail for telling the 
truth? Of course you would 'nt, but that is just the 
way It was one time with John the Baptist. He was the 
one who had baptised Jesus and taught the people to re- 
pent of their sins. John was a very brave man. He told 
King Herod that It wasn't right for him to marry another 
man T s wife. Herod had married his brother Philip 1 s wife 
whose name was Herodias. Herodias was so angry at John 
that for her sake the king had commanded that John be 
put in prison. 

A prison can be a very lonely place. In those days 
the prisons were underground and very dark. The food 
was poor and the guards were cruel. Because Herod be- 
lieved John to be a righteous man, he feared him, and 
John was granted the privilege of talking with his 
friends. John wasn't worried about himself but he want- 
ed to be sure about Jesus. He sent two of his disciples 
unto Jesus and told them to ask Him. "Art thou he that 
should come? or look we for another? 
When the two found Jesus,, what do you think He was do*r 
ing? Jesus was doing just what had been prophesied of 
Him years before by the prophet Isaiah (42:7, 61:1} • 
He was healing the people. As the disciples of John 
looked on, a blind man came along and went away with 
his sight restored. Next there was a lame man hobbling 
along and Jesus healed him so that he shouted and leaped 
for joy. There was a whole crowd of people — men, women 
and children — who were sick or had diseases or were 
crippled, and Jesus healed them all. Finally the two 
disciples of John got close enough that they could 
give Jesus John's message, and Jesus replied, u Go your 
way and tell John what things ye have seen and heard; 
how the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are 
cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the 
poor the gospel is preached. And blessed is he, who- 
soever shall not be offended in me. n 

When the two disciples of John returned with Jesus 1 
answer, I am sure .John was comforted. . Now he knew for 
sure that Jesus was the redeemer to come. — Rudy Cover 


VOL. 16 MAY, JUNE, 1969 NOS. 5 & 6 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


God hath not promised skies always blue, 
Flower- strewn pathways all our lives through; 
God hath not promised sun without rain, 
Joy without sorrow, peace without pain, 

God hath not promised we shall not know 
Toil and. temptation, trouble and woe; 
He hath not told us we shall not bear 
Many a burden, many a. care. 

God hath not promised smooth roads and- wide, 
Swift, easy travel, needing no guide; 
Never a mountain rocky and steep, • • - 
Never a river turbid and deep. 

But God hath promised strength for the day. 
Rest for the labor, light for the way, 
Grace for the trials, help from above, 
Unfailing sympathy, undying love. 

Annie Johnson Flint (1866-1^32) 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Two invisible forces are at work around us. 
They influence, if they can, every thought, every 
word we say, and every act that we do* These 
forces, the strongest known to man, are God's Holy 
Spirit and His adversary, the devil. Since they 
are mostly Invisible we sometimes de-emphasi&e or 
ignore their reality, he mention them abstractly 
and tend to confine their actions to the lives of 
the ancients, he read of them in the scriptures 
and sometimes forget to reckon with them in daily 
life. Even this very neglect we will identify as 
the work of the devil, > 

In truth we are constantly making choices— or 
failing to make them — which is also a form of choice. 
Many of our choices may seem so trivial and so .- 
freouent that they, could not possibly be noticed by 
God and much less by "Satan. But God is interested; 
our hairs are numbered; and even each sparrow is 
known to Him. And be forewarned, the devil is also 
interested in each choice if he sees a way to oppose 
God in it. We can either be thwarted or gain victory 
in our everyday acts—depending on which power we 
invite to control us. 

As we mentioned, one of the devils tactics is to 
convince people that he is not real and that there- 
fore his opposer, the Holy Spirit, is also not real. 
He gains control if he can persuade us we need only 
to deal with things we can see and touch. Many 
believe this today. Many even who believe in God 
doubt the existence of Satan* So he is free to 
tempt and to suggest evil thoughts without fear of 
being blamed and discovered. The apostle James 
writes that "every man is tempted, when he is drawn 
away of his own lust, and enticed. 11 This is true; 

TH3 niGRIK, 

we have no one else to blame but ourselves for being 
drawn away. Bat James also writes "Resist the devil, * 
and he will flee from you." Here is the one behind 
this drawing away, and he is a real being with real 
power. *• & - 

"We are not ignorant of his (Satan's) devices. ".- 
This is written by Paul to the Corinthians (II -Cor. • 
2:11), particularly referring to forgiving one anoth- 
er. Satan gets an advantage when we do not forgive. 
He is the one who causes us to keep ill feelings, and 
grudges against each other. 

Another of his devices is to hinder the work : of .-• 
Christ in -our lives. And how. many ways he can do. it 
if we let himi To some he will help us to get so s 
busy that we haven't. time to read our Bibles, to ' : 
meditate and "to pray. He persuades us that our work < 
is "sd - important that we must finish it and that. we , *. -•; 
can -catch up on- spiritual matters later. Or $ perhaps - 
he will come to us when we haven -'t enough to do* He. \ 
has many idle thoughts and time-wasting actions to : : 
suggest. Remember, idleness is his workshop. I * 
talked to a man once who received a "complete dis- . 
ability pension" because of epilepsy. He was able ■" \ 
to work but had no need to. He confessed that idle- 
ness w?s his tforst enemy and it led him to drink 'and 
to trouble* 

Satan can cause us to speak out of turn and to be 
silent when we should speak. When I occasionally S 
give rides to local boys on my way home from work, 
I always feel responsibility to also give them a 
testimony for Christ. But sometimes I have let 
Satan hinder my "testimony. And it is revealing to 
see some of the excuses that can enter my mind. "He* 
wouldnH understand anyway" is a common one. -Another 
is "You don't have time to tell him all you should," 
It is easier but not more rewarding to pass the time 
in silence or in trivial talk. -If we would listen to 
the Holy Spirit at a time like this, our thoughts 
would be different. "You may never see this boy 
again and he may need your testimony." "Even if 


you can't tell him the whole gospel story, you can tell 
him a little of what Christ has done for you." And if 
you do speak out for Christ, with a motive of leve, 
you will feel joy and victory when "the rider steps out 
of your car. n 

/The devil is an accuser. The history of Job is 
most revealing regarding Satan' s. tactics, against those 
who. belong to God. He accused Job of . selfishness and 

'he accused God for showing favoritism to Job. Neither 
was true. Does Satan accuse anyone today? It seems, 
according to Revelation 12 and other scriptures, that 
he may not have the same access to God's throne today 
that he. had in Job's time, but his tactics haven't 
changed-. Ke still accuser God. We can see evidence 
of this in the words and actions of unbelievers . Bit 
he accuses' brethren, too. He will separate us if he 
can. Many times he twists the truth or exaggerates — 
often through gossip — to alienate even close friends 
and brethren in Christ. Does the Holy Spirit accuse 
in this way? We can be sure that God will not ignore 
sin and .does not hide truth. But His message to us 
regarding "troubles between brethren is to forgive — < 
not to accuse, ' We pray for God to forgive us as we 
forgive ou? debtors. In cases of a brother wronging 
another, we are to go directly to the one who wronged 
us and not tell it to others and give Satan opportunity 
to twist facts. 

Satan is a peace destroyer... He upsets the peace 
of nations a^ well as churches 'and even families. He 
is the one - that Revises riots and quarrels. He causes 
laymen f to *be". dissatisfied arid leaders to be unfaithful. 
TT e" makes men we^k and encourages women to usurp author- 
ity./ He suggests unkind words and impatience to 

. parents ' dealing with children. 
I On the contrary, the Holy Spirit heals and soothes. 

Jfte brings Christians together and helps men to be con- 
tent and riot contentious. When 'the Spirit is invited 
and allowed to direct the family there will be peace 
and .harmony. 


If we have ascribed too much power to the devil, 
it is because he is powerful and his works seem to 
prevail in the world around us* But the power of 
the. Holy Spirit is greater* When He took possession 
of the little group of believers on the day of ; , 
Pentecost, things began to happen* Signs and wonders 
and unusual testimonies were given* Men and women 
were converted and the gospel spread throughout the - 
world like a great light beginning at Jehasalenu . '^ 
Down through the centuries, the power of the Spirit " u 
has been demonstrated as. He preserved this Church' o'f 
Christ though all the forces of heir were" gathered 
against It. ' • - 

Perhaps we cannot expect another demon stratiori : 
like there was on the day of Pentecost* But neither 
should we rule out the possibility of God performing 
a similar powerful witness in these latter times* 
His power is still the same. When men and women 
"continue with one accord in prayer arid supplication" 
the Spirit will work. '— pL.C* 


-i-I Samuel ; 7-12 

Hitherto, wonderful wordi .";_ " u 'y \' 

Use it wherever you are» ; '. ,'; 

„ Remind yourself often of God's lovin§^clre/ '"'y 
How He helped you in days , that,. are fled^ 
Thank- ftim and trust Him when 'kneeling Jitr prayer 
And ask Him toguide in the' way you : are ( led, 

Hitherto, wonderful word! :V ■".-. 

It, means up till now God has helped.: 
Sp^still carry on, for 'He's ready to, aid; -,. 
G&>nward and- upward o« er life's rugged road 
Have faith -in Him always- and be .unafraid, ? f . 

* Foi^ He will still lift and lighten life* s- load. 

• — Guy Spotmari" . 



Moriah forced the utmost out of Abraham; Here he 
faced the most crucial test of all his experience. 
On its rocky altar he was required to offer his loved 
son in sacrifice. It was a test and he endured it, 
and showed for all time the authority, power, and 
purity of a faith that went to- the utmost edge of 
its trial. 

How old Isaac was at the time of this sacrifice 
there is no means of accurately ascertaining. He 
was probably in the vigor of early manhood. He was 
able to take his share in the work of cutting wood 
for the burnt offering and carrying the fagots a 
considerable distance. * 

Who can conceive the terrible struggle in Abraham* s 
breast when that night in his* tent at Beer-sheba the 
command was brought in upon him to take his only son 
Isa;ac and offer him for a burnt offering on a moun- 
tain which God would hereafter more distinctly point 
out to him?* 

Manifestly no harder task could have been set for 
Abraham than that which was imposed on him by this 
command. This son, Abraham might have said, whom 
I had been taught to cherish,- putting aside all other 
affections that I might love him above all, I am now 
with my own hand to slay, to slay with all the ter- 
rible niceties and formalities of sacrifice. I am 
with my own hand to destroy all that makes life 
valuable to me, and as I do, so I am to love and 
worship Him who commands this sacrifice. What can 
Abraham have thought? 

Abraham was satisfied that the summons came from 
God, and he was satisfied also that God's command 
must be right. Therefore, however strange and in- 
comprehensible, however trying, to his natural feel- 
ings, he did not hesitate to obey. The Judge of the 
whole earth must do right, and he would cast himself 


upon Hinu There must be some way out of the trial,, 
dark and mysterious as it seemed . He did not even 
plead with God, He did not beg Him to take his 
flocks or herds, his more costly earthly possessions, 
but spare his son. Still less did he reason with 
Him, and ask Him how, if the command were obeyed, . 
His promise could be fulfilled, how the childless 
old man could have seed as the sand of the sea. No, 
Abraham reasoned not but obeyed: and he obeyed at 
once. He rose up early in the morning and set out. . 
for the place of which God had told hinw ,, , . : .. " 

Though Abraham was the chief, he was not the sole, / 
actor .in this trying scene. To Isaac this was the:!. .. 
memorable day of his life, and quiescent and passive 
as his character seems to have been, it cannot but 
have been stirred and strained now in every fiber of 
it* Abraham could not find it in his heart to dig- 
close to his son the object of the journey. , Even. to 
the last he kept him unconscious of the part r he was 
himself to play. It seems that he even did rjjot ,tell 
Sarah a. word of what God had ordered t 

Abraham had to endure the farther test/.pf time. 
The thing was not done swiftly, in a moment,* Th er § 
was enforced suspense because of the time the journey 
occupied. It would have been an <unspeakable relief, 
to discharge the act in the heat of a passionate hour,, 
when the blood was warm and the impulse fresh and the 
glow of a great vow was still regnant in the heart. 
But it was not done that way. r It was before Mm, for - 
three days I , V v o , 

: Two long days 1 journey, days, of intense inward 
commotion to Abraham, they went northward. . He .had 
time to think it over, to look itin the face,ito. 
feel its drastic, tragiq -implications, and then if 
it was to be done at all, it must be done with cool* 
and calculated deliberation. It was with him in the 
wakeful hours of the day, and it faced him with the 
yelp and cry of the jackals at night •- The length of 
the journey added greatly n# doubt to the severity 
of the trial, as giving time for all sorts of doubts 

TH3 riLGRlH 

and difficulties to suggest themselves. He had time 
for second thoughts, but he stood by his* first vow. He 
endured the test of time. The first impulse never lost 
its authority. His faith never faile'd, not even when 
on the third day he lifted up his eyes and saw the 
place f4r off . There he dismounted, and bade his ser- 
vants await his return. Father and son went on alone, 
unaccompanied and unwitnessed. So they went, both of 
them together,- but with minds how differently filled I 
The father r s heart was torn with anguish and distracted 
by a thousand thought s ; t he son r s . mind disengaged , 
occupied only with the new scenes and- with passing 
fancies. As they -approached the place of sacrifice, 
Isaac observed the silent and awe-struck demeanor of 
his father, and feared that. it may have been through 
absence of mind he had neglected to bring the lamb. 

One short but most touching, conversation broke the 
silence of the journey. While the father's heart was 
ready to break under the weight of his terrible secret, 
his faith yet firm, alike against the yearnings of his 
love for his son, as against any misgivings or hard 
thoughts d£ God, the son with a gentle reverence ven- 
tured to attract his father's attention with the sim- 
ple inquiry, "Behold the fire and the wood, but where 
is the lamb for a burnt offering? It was one of those 
moments when only the strongest heart can bear up calm- 
ly and when only the humblest faith has the right word 
to say. The son f s natural question about the lamb was 
followed by the father* s wholehearted and confident 
reply that "God will provide it." 

And how they have reached the divinely chosen spot. 
In silence the rude altar is raised. In silence the 
wood is laid in order. In silence and wondering meek- 
ness Isaac suffers himself to be bound. He makes no 
resistance, not even when his aged. father lays him on 
the altar upon the wood. But will Abraham's faith 
stand firm and bear ,ths trial?. Hitherto, he may have 
been upheld by the, hope that in. some way God would 
interfere and save his son. But now the time for the 
sacrifice has come, Isaac is ready for the slaughter 

TIE FlLG&iy 

and no rescue : has appeared. With what feelings must 
he .have- seen the agonized face of his father as he 
learned that he must prepare not to sacrifice but to 
be sacrificed. Here there was the end of those great 

| hopes on which his youth had been fed. Was. he to sub- 

| mit even to his aged father in such a matter? Why 
should h.e not resist and flee? Trained by long ex- 
perience to trust his father, he obeys without com- 
plaint or murmur. 

Can Abraham go on and complete the task which has 
been. appointed to him? Will he not at the last moment 
shrink from the sacrifice? Noi His faith still, 
triumphs. He will trust in God and go forward. The 
grim realism of the event increased every moment, but 
God did not intervene. The hand of Abraham holding 
the shining blade was about to strike, -when God took 
the "will" for the deed. A Voice stayed the hand 
from hurt, and the sacrifice was arrested — arrested 
when there was only a breath between the "boy" and 
death. In one moment the sacrifice- would have been 
complete. In heart and will the deed, was done. It 
was enough 1 Abraham was prepared to give God his 
very best. Faith can do no more.. The ram, which 
God later provided, was offered up as a burnt offer- 
ing in the stead of Isaac. 

When Abraham resigned his son to God and received 
him back, their love took on a new delicacy and ten- 
derness. They were, more than ever to one another 
after this interference of God. What God desired was 
not Isaac ! s- life but Abraham's loyalty, thus separating 
between the false and the true in relation to human 

{ sacrifice. His son was given back to him as if from 
the dead, and this spot became memorable,, not to 

v Abraham only, but to all ages as the "scene of a 
great lesson." 

We learn from this history what faith really is. 
It is not only seeing Him who is invisible, but see- 
ing Him as a Friend, of infinite goodness, love, and 
power, and trusting in Him accordingly. We have to 
d« with the same God whom Abraham obeyed and in whom 

10 Tff^ PILGRIM 

he trusted. We. too have great and precious promises 
offered us* Let us make much of those promises, and 
trust entirely to the love of Him who has made them. 
And though we shall have sacrifices to make for God 
and temptations to endure, yet if we deal freely and 
lovingly with Him-, as with a Friend, He will not dis- 
appoint us. He will in the end do for us exceeding 
abundantly above all that we can ask or think. 

As we gaze upon Abraham- and Isaac on this Mount of 
Sacrifice, we see, as in a picture, the Eternal Father 
yielding up His true and only begotten Son, He did 
Himself what He had asked of Abraham. That blessed Son 
willingly offered Himself to suffering and death, allows 
ing' Himself to be laid upon the altar of the cross and* 
shedding His most precious blood for us and then after- 
wards rising from the grave and coming forth victorious, 
having accomplished all His Father *s will. 

Selected from 1955 "Gospel Herald M 

Let there be peace on earth 
And let it begin with me • 
Let there be peace on earth 
That was meant to be... ; 
With God as our father , 
Brothers all are we. 
Let me live with my brother 
In perfect harmony. 
Let there be peace on earth; 
Let this be* the, moment now. 
With every, step. I take 
. Let this be my solemn vow: 
To take each moment 
And live^ each moment 
In peace eternally. 
Let there be peace on earth. 
And- let it begin with me. 

•■ >■ : By Nobel Cane 
• -Selected by Martha Cover 



Sometimes when troubles beset us, 

We grumble and lament. 

But God's Ford plainly tells us 

With such things as ye have — be content: 

I will never leave thee' nor forsake thee,™ 

thus saith the Lord. 
Look up, have faith, and patience 
And great will be your reward. 

Therefore, make straight paths. for your feet 

And lift up your hands which hang down; 

For God loves and cares for His ■ children, : 

He would love to give us a crown. 

Let us patiently run the race set before us, 

God scourges and chastens his own. 

For when we are cleansed and perfected, 

We'll inherit our Heavenly Home. 

By Mildred Griggs 
Selected by. Mary Lavy 


When he, who from the scourge of wrong, 
Aroused the Hebrew tribes to fly, 
Saw the fair region, promised long, 
And bowed him to the hills to diej 

-God made his grave, to men unknown, 
Where Moab's rocks a vale infold, 
And laid the aged seer alone 
To slumber while the world grows old. 

Thus still, whene'er the good and just 
Close the dim eye to life and-, pain, 
Heaven watches o'er their sleeping dust, 
Till the pure spirit comes again. - 

Though nameless, trampled, and forgot, 
His servant's humble ashes lie, 
let God has marked and sealed the spot, 
To call its inmate to the sky. 

By William Cullen Bryant 
Selected' hv Miriam Hanso 




CARRIE (DEKLINGER) HOLSINGER, youngest and last surviving 
daughter of Israel arid Mary Ann Denlinger was born March 
25, 1884 near Trotwood, Ohio and departed this life 
April 27, 1969 (age 85 years* 1 month, 2 days) at Good 
Samaritan Hospital, Dayton, Ohio* Her departure was 
from an extended Illness, 

Knowing her condition, she called for the elders of 
the church to be anointed according to the apostolic 

Early in life Carrie accepted her Saviour and was 
baptised into the church of her choice*, Iri the year 
1907 she was joined in holy matrimony to Ira Holsinger 
to walk together for fifty-four years happily and 
peacefully until life f s journey's end, her husband pass- 
ing to the Great Beyond. April 26, l'96l. To this union 
were born two sons -who have been their constant helpers 
and aid, both living close at JiGine, and this helping to 
make the family closely knit. 

Left to mourn her passing are two sons, Arthur and 
Glen, both' of -Clayton, Ohio; three grandchildren, Iva 
May, Phyllis Juanita and-Ronaldj. one great grandson, 
Bryan, besides a- host of relatives, kind friends and 
good neighbors, all of whom will miss her presence. We 
feel our loss .is her eternal gain. 

Brief services of departure from Rogers & Gilbert 
Funeral Home of Trotwood, Ohio and funeral services at 
Stillwater Church were held on Wednesday, April, 3Q, 1969 
to relatives and friends, I Corinthians 15, St. John 14 > 
hymns 431* 393, arid 396 with related scriptures were 
■used by the brethren. Burial was in the cemetery ad- 
Joining to await the trump of God, 

Only a thought, but the work it wrought 
Can never by tongue or pen be taught, 

For it ran through life like , *a thread of gold. 
And the life bore fruit &■ hundred fold. 

Only a word I but itwas spoken, in love, 
With a whispered prayer to the Lord above, 

And the angels in Heaven rejoiced once more, 
For a new-born soul entered through the door. 
■ -—The Family 




• The fall of Edessa in 1144 A.D. to Zangi and the 
Moslems created quite a stir in Europe, By this time 
the people of France had come to think of the Frankish 
States as an extension of their own country* Many of 
them had made pilgrimages, to the Holy Land and many 
had relatives and friends there.. King Louis VII con- 
sidered that it might be proper for himself to lead an 
army in a Crusade to reclaim Edessa and, reassert Euro- 
pean control over the Holy Land, His idea was no doubt 
fed by the popular legend of the time that a, Christian 
king and descendant of Charlemagne would issue in the 
millennium by leading an army to take possession of 
Jerusalem just prior to the second coming of Christ, 
Many were saying that Louis would be the "King -of. the 
Last Days'] , 

A vital force in favor of a second crusade was the 
preaching of Saint Bernard. He preached. throughout 
Europe in hopes of interesting the various. rubers. He 
no doubt was influential in persuading ; the German Em- 
peror, Conrad III, that he should lead his army with 
that of the French under Louis VII in a crusade to re- 
assert European interest in the Holy Land, ■ 

Both armies set out for the Holy Land by different 
routes. However , it was inevitable that they would 
meet at certain points along the way. On. these occa- 
sions they plainly demonstrated their contempt for one 
another. Together, these armies were a. strong- military 
force even though not as large as the army of the First 
Crusade, As had the armies of the. First Crusade , the 
men of the Second Crusade met trouble while crossing 
the Byzantine Empire. Emperor Manuel Gomnenus had just 
concluded a treaty of peace with the Seljuks of 
Anatolia — an action which was an affront to the 
Crusaders, In addition, he was fearful that the Cru- 
saders were a threat to the security of his domain. 
Consequently he hurried them across his lands as quick- 
ly as possible with relatively little help.-^Chis in 


part contributed to the defeat of the German contingent 
at Dorylaeum by Mas*ud I, the Seljuk Sultan of Rum. It 
has been said that ninety per-cent of the German Army 
was killed or captured and sold into slavery* Miracu- 
lously, Emperor Conrad escaped and returned to Constan- 
tinople where he, and his remaining soldiers- took a ship 
to the Holy land. The French Army fared somewhat bet- 
ter. Though they were continually harassed by the 
Turks and lack of supplies, the great majority were 
able to reach Antioch* 

On his arrival in Antioph^ King Louis was content 
to allow his troops to rest instead of leading them 
against Sultan Nur, the successor to Zangi at 
Aleppo,. Indeed the French might have been able to win 
a decisive victory against the Moslems had they acted 
then. Instead, after resting, Louis lead his army to 
Jerusalem on the pretense of defending that city (which 
was not threatened at that time). 

While at Jerusalem, Louis was persuaded to join the 
Frankish barons of the middle East in a siege on Damas- 
cus* While Damascus had beep, under Moslem control it 
had been on fairly good terms with the Franks of Jeru- 
salem* The occasion for siege was a violation of a 
treaty. Unfortunately, the ruler of Damascus, Muin 
ed-Din Unur, had been on bad terms with Nur ed-Din and 
preferred a pact with the Crusaders but because of the 
siege changed his mind. The siege was begun in July, 
1148, but ended unsuccessfully after four days of dis- 
tention between the Crusaders and the Frankish Army of 
Jerusalem. There were charges by the Crusaders that 
the barons of Jerusalem had sold out to the people of 
Damascus. The result of the siege was humiliation of 

he combined armies of Jerusalem and Louis VII., In- 
stead of the great respect which the Moslems had for- 
merly, had for the Franks there was now ridicule. 
While the united armies of the Franks had returned to 
Jerusalem, the Europeans were increasingly dissatis- 
fied with their Oriental brothers . Consequently the 
members of the Second Crusade soon left to return to 

^ r °P e - V ,*; —Glen Shirk 

Stockton, California 



EXAMPLE — 1. One or a portion taken to show the char- 
acter or quality of all; a sample, 2* That which is to 
be followed or imitated; a pattern. 3. A precedent, 
model, or parallel case* 4# A warning case, especially 
a punishment inflicted to serve as a warning,.. ; .-- .. 

Definition 2 is. the one used mostly in the Bible,,;;'; 

We are to follow the examples our- Lord Jesus gave. : * . 
This could apply to His whole life on earth which is a 
model for 5 the Christian to strive to. imitate. We also 
have some specific examples He gave Us such as John 13: 
15, where Jesus said after He had washed His disciples' 
feet j "I have given you an example, that ye. should do; •• 
as I have" done to you." 

ENSAMPLE — This Is an ancient form. of the word » example *i 
and means the same. The words are .used interchangeably; 
therefore , both must have been in use at the time of 
the King James translation. 

PATTERN — 1. Anything proposed for or- worthy of imitation; 
exemplar; as, a "pattern" . for men.-. 2. Anything designed 
as a guide or model for making things;-" as, a dress- ,,,- 
maker 1 s pattern. 3. (Archaic) A representation „or copy;. 
a likeness. 4# A specimen; sample. 

Paul writes in I Timothy 1:16 "Howbeit for this, 
cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus, Christ 
might shew forth all longsuffering, for a ' pattern to 
them which should hereafter believe on him to life 
everlasting." The longsuffering of Jesus displayed. in 
his mercy for Paul is a pattern for all 'believers. (We. 
too, must have such longsuffering.) 

Anyone who has Used a "pattern"-.- whether to make a 
dress or to saw a board knows that the original pattern 
must be used to make each of the similar pieces. We 
cannot use one of the pieces for a pattern for the next 
and it for a pattern for the next, and so on, or errors 
are multiplied, and soon the product 'is quite different 
from the original. So with our lives we must use only 
Jesus Christ for our pattern and not each other. We 
can copy Christlike qualities in others and we are all 





Jesus had been way up in the northern part of 
Palestine in the land of Phfeenecia. He had been 
along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the cities 
of Tyre and Sidon. Now He went toward the south till 
He came to the sea of Galilee in the country of De- 
capolis. While He was here the people brought unto 
Him a man that couldn't hear; nor could he talk right. 
This poor man couldn't hear the birds sing or hear 
children laugh. And because he couldn't talk plainly, 
it was hard for him to make people understand, I 
suppose if he could have had a wish that would come 
t3*ue he would have wished that he could hear and 
talk like other people. 

When Jesus saw this unfortunate man He took him 
away from the multitude of people. Then Jesus 
touched the man's ears and his tongue and looking 
up to heaven He sighed and said, "Be opened." 

Immediately the man could hear and he could speak 
plainly. How happy this man must have been. It 
was almost too wonderful to be true* Now he could 
hear and talk just like others. 

When the people that brought the deaf man to 
Jesus saw that he could hear and talk, they could 
hardly believe their ears. Jesus told them not 
to tell anyone, but they couldn't keep still. They 
told everybody they saw how Jesus had healed this 
man. They said, "He hath done all things well; 
He maketh both the deaf to hear and the dumb to 

— Rudolph Cover 

to be examples and patterns to others. But still the 
best and comparison must be" made to Jesus Christ, the 
perfect pattern and example. — L.C. 


VOL, 16 JULY, AUGUST, 1969 NOS. 7 & 8 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


The road ahead is dimmed with mist; 

I can not see each turn and twist. 
I may not know the way I go, 

But I must travel sure and slow* 
Sometimes I falter, filled with fear; 

Unknown objects loom up near. 
Strange is the path I needs must tread, 

But God is in the road ahead.' 

The road ahead seems rough and drear. 

Hit there is One who lingers near, 
Whose rod and staff shall strengthen me, 

Though Still I'm not allowed to see. 
His guiding hand is holding mine. 

Leading me on by power divine, 
And I can walk the road ahead, 

Released from fear and free from dread. 

The road ahead, is growing bright 

For I am travelling toward the light. 
My future is no clearer now, 

But to God T s will my soul shall bow, 
Each unknown object proves to be 

A milestone leading to victory. 
And I can walk the road ahead, 

Confident God has rightly led. 

Selected by Bertie Baker 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly En the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church, Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Space travel, the amazing accomplishment of man, has 
been published the world over. Many are the expres- 
sions made regarding this accomplishment of landing on 
the moon, man having for the first time set foot on 
another place besides the earth. Indeed, it seems but 
the prelude to greater attainments in this direction, 
and now man boasts there is .nothing impossible and that 
man will go from planet to planet in search for other 
forms of life and even to attain to the secret of life 
to live .forever. 

Man was barred from partaking of the Tree of Life to 
live forever (Genesis 3r22, 24) because in partaking of 
the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, he was doomed 
to death (Genesis 2:17 i 4:19). Ever since that time 
it has been the fascinating desire and quest of man to 
attain unto eternal life and escape the sentence of 

Man lived to extreme old age before the flood. This 
almost gave him the thought of eternal life accom- 
plished but in the midst of the most degrading con- 
ditions of wickedness. So the decree came from God to 
shorten man's life to 120 years (Genesis 6:3). And 
this combined with the decree of destruction by water 
of all life on 'land — except that preserved in the Ark — 
brought an end to that dispensation of wickedness ♦ 

Not too long after this cleanup of the earth by the 
flood of waters, man, being of one language and one 
company, aspired to build a city and a tower "that may 
reach unto heaven. 1 ' And God beholding said, "Behold, 
the people is -one, and they all have one language; and 
this they begin to do: and now nothing will be re- 
strained from them which they have imagined to do." 
God confounded their language, and scattered them, 
"and they left off to build the city." (Genesis 11:6, 6*). 


It is manifest that God keeps track of all the do- 
ings and desires of man. Even Nebuchadnezza;r the great 
King says j "I blessed the Most High, and I praised and 
honored Him that liveth : forever, wfrose dominion. is." an 
everlasting dominion, and. His kingdom' from generation 
to generation: and all the inhabitants of the earth are 
reputed as nothing j and Hedoeth according to His twill 
in the army of heaven: 'and none can stay his hand or. 
say unto Him, WhAt dbest thou? Now I Nebuchadnezzar 
praise and extol and honor tfie King of heaven, all 
whose works are 1 truth, and His ways judgment: and all 
those who walk in pride He Is able to abase." (Daniel 

4:34, 35, 37). . :. ., 

' In its perfect state of conveyance, space. travel 
known, arranged and used by God has been one of the'.. 
means of communicating with man.' The. Lord God walked 
in the garden of Eden in the cool of the day calling 
unto Adam, "Where aft Thou?" Heaven seemed close, to, .. 
man before sin camel The Lord talked to Gain, .to 
Enoch, Noah and many of 'the men of old showing His: ".* 
presence near them. "Enoch walked with God and t he was 
not for God took him," Elijah went up in a 'chariot of 
fire and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; 
and. Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven* Elisha 
witnessed this w6nd : erfu3 space travel an& received a 
wonderful blessing. Angels visited man for. "special 

Daniel in his special prayer of confessing and 
pleadings for God's captive people was answered, by an 
angel who said, "At the beginning of thy si^pplicatjons 
the commandment came forth and I am come^ee." 
(Daniel 9:23). "This indeed shows the amazingly. rapid 
flight of the angel froin heaven to earth unmatched by 
"the flight of man in his space crafts. 

Man's orbit around the sun on the earth (Go<f£s space 
craft) goes at an amazing speed in comblnation^with the 
rotation of the earth, yet man has all the comfort^ of 
life in freedom of movement upon the earth. All tlie 
planets and stars move in perfect order at speeds as 


perhaps they were launched by God from His own launch- 
ing pad. 

God has arranged that at death "The spirit shall re- 
turn to God who gave it" (Ecclesiastes 12:7)* "Lazarus 
the beggar died, and was carried by the Angels into 
Abraham's bosom" '(Luke 16:22). Angels are ministering 
spirits "sent forth to minister for them who shall be 
heirs of salvation" . (Hebrews 1:14). The shepherds saw 
the hosts of angels — space travelers! --in the sky at 
the time of Jesus 1 birth. 

But the glory of space travel was displayed in such 
a wonderful manner by Jesus when He had fulfilled His 
time upon earth* Surrounded by His disciples, He left 
the Mount of Olives by gently arising with His' hands 
outstretched in blessing. Upward He ascended as the 
raptured gazing disciples saw Him enter the cloud of 
glory. Paul says, "He that descended is the ®me that 
ascended up far above the heavens, that He might fill 
all things." (Ephesians 4:10). No need for a space 
ship or to carry oxygen along. No need to be protected 
from the extreme cold. No need for a mighty blast to 
set Him free from earth's gravitation. But in ascend- 
ing triumph "He entered once into the holy place, hav- 
ing obtained eternal redemption for us." (Hebrews 9*12). 

Jesus says, "If I go away I will come again," The 
two men that stood by the disciples when Jesus ascended 
to heaven said, "This same Jesus which is taken up from 
You into heaven shall so come in like manner as ye have 
seen Him go Into heaven. 1 ' 

In the promise of Jesus coming to earth again, all 
mankind that ever lived has an interest, for His coming 
.s before the two resurrections. At or near His coming, 
the first resurrection takes place, as Jesus says, "And 
Me shall send His angels with a great sound of a trum- 
pet, and they shall gather together His elect from the 
four winds, from the one end of heaven to the other/* 
m he scene changes for we read "For this we say unto you 
by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and 
remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent 


them which are asleep. For the Lord Himself -shall de- 
scend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the 
archangel, and with the trump of God; and the dead in 
Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and 
remain shall be caught up together with them in the 
clouds to meet 'the Lord in the air, and so shall we 
ever be with the Lord" (1 Thessalonians 4:15, 16, 17), 
We go to meet Jesus in the clouds in that wonderful 
space travel of power and glory. * 

Now is the time to prepare for the 4 space travel 
that takes us to Jesus forever. Come on, my dear 'cftie's'"; 
pome on , my neighbors and friends, and all who* want 
life eternal. The ticket to this divine space "travel 
is;' submission and obedience through faith to God Who 
has provided the place and means by His grace. He 
has purchased our salvation by redeeming us With His 
precious blood (1 Peter 1:18, 19). i ' f 

This earth will whirl on in its space travel to its 
doom when "the Heavens shall pass away with a gr£at 
noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, 
the 'earth also and the works that are therein shall be 
burned up n (2 Peter 3:10). 

"Blessed are they that do His commandments, that ; ' ■ 
they may have right to the tree of life and may enter 
in. through the gates into the city. 1 * "By Go'd's mighty 
power "of space travel we may reach the center of the " 
universe into the presence of God, the goal of the 
redeemed, the fulfillment of the "promises of God. 

—J. I. Cover 


The Fall Love feast of the Salida Old Brethren- Church 
will be held, the Lord willing, on November 1 and 2 at ■ 
the Salida meeting house, Salida, California. A hearty 
invitation and welcome is extended to all the brethren 
and sisters and friends to attend, 

— Daniel F. Wolf 



"When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, 
the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained j What 
is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son -of 
man, that thou visitest him?" (Psalms 8:3, 4) 

For the first time man has stood on the moon and even 
returned to tell of it. This is a great accomplishment 
and the result of huge expense, training, building, and 
study* It emphasizes vividly the nature of the times in 
which we live. 

To men of science, this moon landing is of the great- 
est importance. One scientist went so far as to insist 
that a new calendar should be made and a new numbering 
of the years be started with the date of this historic 
flight. He insisted that history would record it that 
way if men of this age did not --apparently regarding 
this event equal to the birth of Christ. Scientists 
believe that this is only the beginning of a great time 
of exploration of the solar system and the universe* 

I have heard this event compared to the attempts to 
build the ancient tower of Babel. And surely there are 
some similarities. The element of aspiration is there. 
The uncompleted city and tower were to "reach unto heav- 
en." We can learn from the words of the Lord at this 
time and the action He took. In part He said, "And now 
nothing will be restrained from them 3 which they have 
imagined to do." And He confounded their languages and 
stopped their work. 

How must God regard this great effort to conquer 
space? It is a great effort from our standpoint, but to 
the Lord how feeble it must appear 1 (Study the first 
article in this paper to see how God and His messengers 
can travel and with what speed l) How does God regard 
the tremendous expense of this project, and the risk of 
life involved? How much could be done for the under- 
privileged of this world with this same amount of money, 
the same intensive research and training of workers, the 


same huge building projects, and the same support of 
the population of this country! 

It appears that the wisest course for the nation to 
take after such a feat as this would be to now admit 
(as they always knew) that the moon is not made and not 
suitable for the habitation of men, and to concentrate 
on problems of earth. However, world politics are in- 
volved; prestige must be maintained. So most likely 
this is only the beginning of wonderful accomplishments 
by modern man unless God says, "It is enough." 

Let us not be discouraged or deceived by these great 
events. No doubt new theories and speculations will 
now be announced about how the earth and the moon were 
made. And God and His word will likely be more and 
more belittled or ignored. The facts of the fall of 
man and his need of the Savior have no place in the 
space program. But let us say with the Psalmist, "Of * 
old thou hast laid the foundations of the earth: and 
the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall per- 
ish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax 
old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change 
them, and they shall be changed: But thou art the same, 
and thy years shall have no end. The children of thy 
servants shall continue, and their seed shall be estab- 
lished before thee." (Psalms 102:25-28) ~ L.C. 


In order to get the mastery over money, lest it get 
mastery over us, we would suggest the following: 

1. Hold in mind that money is a good servant, but 
a terrible master. If it gets on top, and you get 
under it,, then your life is decided by a thing; in con- 
sequence you are no longer a person, but a thing. If 
money is your god, then your enfeebled personality is 
the price you pay for the worship of that god. 

2. Reject the philosophy that you hold vast accumu- 
lations as a trustee of the poor. Carnegie, who was 


the best illustration of . this philosophy, said: "The 
millionaire .will be but the trustee of the -poor, en- 
trusted for a season with a great part of the wealth of 
the community, but administering it for the community 
far better than it would have done for itself. 11 To 
which Dr. Wm. J. Tucker replied, "If the few can ad- 
minister wealth for the community far better than it 
can do for itself, then democracy has reached the limit 
of intelligence and responsibility. 11 The poor need not 
our charity > but our justice. When you give charity you 
are. the brother bountiful; the poor are the recipients. 
When you give justice your relationships change— you 
become equals. It is easy to be charitable; it is dif- 
ficult to be just. 

3. Nothing that you can do for your children will be 
more harmful than to leave so much to them that they 
will not need to struggle and work. The surest way to 
flabby, irresponsible character is too much money. 

4. There are two ways to be wealthy. One is in the 
abundance of your possessions, and the other is in the 
fewness of your wants. In taking the latter way to be 
wealthy you transfer to the inside the real wealth that 
cannot be taken away by depression or death. 

5. Put in a stop where your needs end. After that 
all you make belongs to other people's needs. If you 
can put in that stop, you are a man of character. You 
master things; they do not master you. 

6. Keep your needs down to needs, not luxuries dis- 
guised as needs. Needs contribute; luxuries choke. If 
you eat food beyond your needs, you simply clog the sys- 
tem and lay on useless fat — surplus baggage which you 
have to carry around. The same is true with money and 
things. If you have too much, then invest it in per- 
sons. It is the only bank that will not break. The 
bank of human character will pay dividends through eter- 
nity. Invest all surpluses in that bank. 

7. Determine, the level of your need in the full 
light of the needs of others, of your enlightened con- 
science, and of the judgment of a disciplined group. 


These three things are necessary and all three should 
converge in the final decision, I speak of an "en- 
lightened conscience", for a conscience trained in the 
half-lights of contemporary society is not an enlight- 
1 ened conscience. Train it at the feet of Christ. Con- 
science needs the full information of the Word of God 
to be a safe guide. A disciplined group is necessary 
to help you to sound judgments, for the group is ob- 
jective and represents the corporate conscience, which 
should check the individual conscience. An unchecked 
conscience is not safe. 

8. While you are lifting your economic level to the 
level of need, give a tithe of what you earn. After 
you have reached that level, give everything you earn. 
The tithe is a token — a token that you are not ofeer, 
but ower. Just as you pay rent as a token of acknowl- 
edgement of the ownership of another, so you pay a 
tithe to acknowledge the ownership of God over the nine 
tenths. When the level of your needs has been reached, 
then all you earn belongs to the needs of others; not 
as charity, but as right and justice. 

Selected from "The Pearl 
of Great Price" 


There's an open gate at the end of the road 
Through which each must go alone, 
And there in a light we cannot see, 
Our Father claims His own. 

Beyond the gate your loved one 
Finds happiness and rest, 
And there is comfort u in the thought 
That a loving God knows best. 

Selected by Stella Flora 



WILLIAM H.. CONING, son of Albert and Eliza (Miller) 
Coning, was born March 10, 1890 in Preble County, Ohio, 
He quietly departed this life near 11:30 p#su at his 
home on June 9, 1969 &t the? age of 79 years, 2 months 
and .30 days, following a short illness. 

On November 1, 1931 he was united in marriage to 
Susap E.. Sklles. To this union was born one daughter, 
Evelyn, and two sons, Melvin and Arden. They spent 
about seven years of their life together near Lakeland, 
Florida. ,. They moved to Covington, Ohio in 1940 and 
then to Gettysburg, Ohio in 1945. 

At the age of 15 years he' answered the call of the 
Master and was baptized into tHe Old German Baptist 
Church v He was called to the ministry in 192? at the 
age of. 37« Herein, he labored earnestly. In 1947 he 
affiliated with the German Baptist Brethren of Beaver- 
creek. His greatest desire in life was to live true 
and faithful to his Saviour. With the talent God gave 
him he studied the Scriptures with undivided interest. 
Much of his time in latter years, he spent writing and 
discussing; the Scriptures and searching out the deep 
'things of God . 

He was the tenth in a family of eleven children. 
All but one preceded him in death. 

He is ; survived by his devoted wife, one daughter, 
two sons and ten grandchildren; also one sister, Mary 
Kamp of North Manchester, Indiana. 

Funeral services were conducted Friday afternoon, 
June 13, by brethren Joseph L. Cover/ Myrl Flora, and 
Elmer Brovant, at the Oak Grove meeting house near 
Gettysburg, Ohio.. Words of comfort were brought from 
St. John 11*23-26:, Hymns used were 455, 499, 494, and 
456* Burial was made in the Gettysburg cemetery to 
await the resurrection morning. 

f —The Family 



To weary hearts 5 to mourning homes, 
God T s meekest Angel gently comes: 
No power has he to banish pain, 
Or give us back our lost again; 
And: yet in tenderest love, our dear 
And Heavenly Father sends him here. 

There's quiet in that Angel's glance, 
There's rest in his still countenance! 
He mocks no grief with idle cheer, 
Nor wounds with words the mourner's ear; 
But ills and woes he may not cure 
He kindly trains us to endure. 

Angel of Patience! sent to calm 
Our feverish brows with cooling palm; 
To lay the storms of hope and fear, 
And reconcile life's smile and tear; 
The throbs of wounded pride to still, 
And make our own our Father's will! 

thou who mournest on the way, 
With longings for the close of day; 
He walks with thee, that Angel kind, 
And gently whispers, "Be resigned: 
Bear up,, bear on, the end shall tell 
The dear Lord ordereth all things well I " 

— Whittier 

Selected by Susan R. Coning 

For I reckon that the sufferings of this present 
time are not worthy to be compared with the glory 
which shall be revealed in us. 

Romans 8:18 

12 :.-..— -• ■• -THE PILGBIM '. 



I. The Fall of Jerusalem 

After the death of Baldwin III in 1162 A.D., Amalric 
I became King o*f Jerusalem, Amalric ! s long ambition 
was to bring Egypt under his dominion. Although Amalric 
was a very obese individual he was nevertheless able to 
lead his men on long and tiring military campaigns and 
had a reputation as a fair fighter. 'In 1166, he was 
able to defeat Alexandria which had been defended by 
the young nephew of Nur ed-Din, Salah ed-Din lusuf. 
Consequently, Egypt was reduced to a vassal state pay- 
ing an annual tribute of 100,000 pieces of gold. 

Although Amalric had met with partial success, he 
had not taken Cairo, Egypt's richest prize. In 116?, 
he made a political alliance with the Byzantine Emperor 
and married Maria Comnena, the emperor's grandniece. 
It was jointly agreed that in 1169 a Franco-Byzantine 
force would campaign against Cairo. Amalric ! s advisors 
were impatient, however, and urged him to begin the 
campaign before the Byzantine force arrived. This he 
did, but found to," 'his disappointment that his army was 
much too small to take Cairo. Consequently, he was 
forced to withdraw, but not befox-e demanding a tribute 
of one million dinars. In the end he did not wait for 
his tribute* as he heard that a large army under Shirkuh 
had been sent by Nur ed-Din to help defend Egypt. The 
result was the strengthening of Salah ed-Din Yusuf-s 
hold on Egypt. In addition, because of his defeat, 
Amalric found his kingdom, threatened in the north by 
Nur ed-Din and in the south by Salah ed-Din Yusuf . Con- 
sequently, in 1171 he journeyed to Constantinople to 
conclude a treaty with Emperor Manuel Gomnenus whereby 
the Kingdom of Jerusalem would be placed urider the pro-* 
tection of the Byzantine Empire. At this time both 
agreed that they would again mount a campaign against 


Egypt in the future , as it had once been a part of the 
Byzantine Empire, 

Before Amalric was able to carry out his plan for 
conquest of Egypt he died of dysentery at age thirty- 
nine in July, 1174. He had been preceded in death by 
his old enemy Nur ed-Din in May, 1174. The deaths of 
these two men greatly changed the political situation 
of the area, Nur ed-Din was succeeded by his eleven 
year old son Malik as-Salih Ismail. Amalric passed his 
kingdom to his son Baldwin IV who was also a young boy 
and a leper. Salah ed-Din Yusuf was quick to take ad- 
vantage of the situation and overthrew the young Malik 
as-Salih Ismail, thus extending his control over an area 
which surrounded the .Kingdom of Jerusalem on the north, 
east, .and south. 

Meanwhile, there arose a struggle as" to who would 
succeed Baldwin IV as King of Jerusalem. His sister, 
Sibylla, had a young son who was to succeed Baldwin IV 
after his death In 1185. Before his death, however, 
Baldwin IV was to lead several successful military ex- 
peditions against the Moslems including one against 
Salah ed-Din Yusuf (who was known as Saladin to the 
Westerners by this time), dealing him a temporary set- 
back. This particular campaign was described as mira- 
culous as a small number of knights with a relic of the 
true cross in the forefront actually defeated a much 
superior Moslem force. 

In 1185, after the death of Baldwin IV, Baldwin V, 
the seven year old son of Sibylla, became King of 
Jerusalem. He ruled only one year before his untimely 
death. He was then succeeded by his stepfather, the * 
second husband of Sibylla, Guy/ Guy was a westerner 
and not terribly popular with the local Franks. It was 
under the leadership of Guy that a great Christian army 
engaged the Moslem army under Saladin at Hattin. Both 
sides seemed to sense that this battle would decide the 
future of the Frankish States. Consequently, both uti- 
lized all available resources in an attempt to defeat 
the other. Once again the relic of the true cross was 
at the forefront of the Christian army, carried by the 


Bishop of Antioch. The battle ended in a great and. de- 
cisive victory for Saladin. Almost all of the Frankish 
barons were captured, including Guy, King of Jerusalem. 
From this battle, Saladin' s forces continued in a Holy 
War to' regain the lands from the Frankish Christians, 
In a few weeks (October 2, 1187), Jerusalem fell. Dur- 
ing the next two' years Saladin was able, to regain most 
of the v lands that had been under Frankish dominion. 
Only Tyre was to remain in the hands of the Franks, arid 
it was there that the remainder of them grouped to 
help from Europe, . 

—Glen Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California 


I sat in darkness, sunk in black despair.' 
1 would withdraw from life. Why struggle on? 
Then Jesus whispered, "Son, why pine you there? 
My grace can change that cross into a crown," 

But, hopeless yet, I stared into the night. 
"I could not see, nor think, beyond myself, ' ' 
Why talk of crowns in my disastrous plight — 
A broken vessel, wasting on a shelf J 

What else was there to do but sit forlorn? 
Where was the buoyant health I once had known? 
Had ever mortal carried such a thorn? 
Why must I suffer — useless,^ and alone? 

Again the Master whispered softly, "Son, 
Will you not trust My lo^e, believe My Word? 
Will I hot finish that I have begun? 
Will you riot take My hand, and be assured? 

Dear Child, I *v£ been compelled to make you wait, 
Lest, hasting on, you build on shifting sand. 


That cross, with your consent, I 1 11 make a gate, 
Through which we 1 11 walk together, hand-in-hand ♦ » 

Arrested by His gentle loving tone, 

I turned, to view His elegance and grace. 

But loi A cross much greater than my own, 

And, 'neath a crown of thorns, that smiling face. 

I saw, upon that battered face, repose, 
And, radiating out, a peace so sweet, 
I shook away my shroud of gloom, and rose' 
"To cast this broken vessel at His feet. 

I begged forgiveness for my selfish ways, 
That I had dared, His loving hand, to spurn. 
I then surrendered all my future days, 
That, even yet, this feeble lamp might burn. 

He took this broken vessel to His breast 
And, with the touch that all the blood-washed know, 
He filled it with the Comforter, then blessed 
Till it, with Heavenly joy, did overflow. 

I*m happy now, in service with my King, 
Securely bound with His protecting cord. 
Though broken yet, I've given Him everything. 
Not cast away, just BROKEN FOR THE LORD I 

— Alvy E. Ford 

Mr. Ford is blind and now lives at Corcoran Street, 
Santa Cruz, California. He is the author and publisher 
of "The Bible in Verse." 

Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not 
yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he 
shall appear, we like him; for we shall see 
him as he is. 

I John 3:2 

A BLIND MAN SEES Mark 10:46 

Bart imaeus sat by the roadside in Jericho begging for 
money from the people who passed by. "Help the blind/ 1 
he said. "Please help the blind. 1 ' We who have good eyes 
do not know what a terrible thing it is to be blind. 
Bart imaeus couldn't see the blue sky, or the pretty flow- 
ers, the trees, the birds or other people: and oh, how 
he wished he could see. 

Bartimaeus had heard about Jesus and how He could heal 
people of the very worst diseases. He had healed lepers. 
He had made the deaf to hear, the dumb to speak and He 
had even opened the eyes of the blind. If only Jesus 
would come to' Jericho" maybe He would make him see again. 
And so it went day after day till' poor Bartimaeus had 
nearly given up hope. 

Then one wonderful day someone told Bartimaeus, t! Jesus 
is coming this way." As soon as Bartimaeus heard that 
Jesus was near he cried out as loud as he could, "Jesus, 
thou son of David, have mercy on me." 

The people around told him to keep still but Barti- 
maeus cried out the more, "Thou son of David, have mercy 
on me." 

At last Jesus heard and stood still and told the peo- 
ple to tell Bartimaeus to come. So they called the blind 
man and said, "Be of good comfort, rise; He calleth thee." 

Bartimaeus didn't wait a minute but threw away his 
coat and went as fast as he could go to Jesus. And Jesus 
said, "What would you have me do for you?" 

Then Bartimaeus answered, "Lord, that I might receive 
my sight." 

And Jesus said unto him, "Go thy way; thy faith hath 
made thee whole." As Bartimaeus stood listening to Jesus 
all at once he could see again. And what do you think 
he saw first? I think he saw Jesus. The Bible says he 
followed Jesus in the way. He didn't want to let Jesus 
out of his sight. 

Jesus healed blind Bartimaeus, and if you have two 
good eyes you should be just as grateful as he. Don't 
you want to follow Jesus too? 

— Rudolph Cover 

A notice of thanks is due to Sister Dorothy Moore 
who is now doing the typing for "The Pilgrim". — L.C. 


VOL. 16 SEPTEMBER, 1969 NO. 9 

n Dearly beloved, i beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


One day at a time, with its failures and fears , 

With its hurts and mistakes, with its weakness and tears, 

With its portion of paim and its burden of care; 

One day at a time we must meet and must bear. 

One day at a time to be patient and strong; 

To be calm under trial and sweet under wrong; 

Then its toiling shall pass and its sorrow shall cease; 

It shall darken and die, and the night shall bring peace. 

One day at a time — but the day is so long, 

And the heart is not brave, and the soul is not strong, 

Thou pitiful Christ, be Thou near all the way; 
Give courage and patience and strength for the day* 

Swift cometh His answer, so clear and so sweet; 
11 Yea, I will be with thee, thy troubles to meet; 

1 will not forget thee, nor fail thee, nor grieve; 
I will not forsake thee; I never will leave * u 

Not yesterday 1 s load we are called on to bear, 
Nor the morrow ! s uncertain and shadowy care, 
Why should we look forward or back with dismay? 
Our needs-, as our mercies, are but for the day. 

One day at a time, and the day is His day; 
He hath numbered its hours, though they haste or delay. 
His grace is sufficient; we walk not alone; 
As the day, so the strength that He giveth His own. 

— Annie Johnson Flint 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $I.S0 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Woif. 


" "Watch ye, stand fast in the faith , quit you like 
men, be strong." I Corinthians 16:13 

When we think of being strong, we often picture the 
strong man of the Old Testament, Samson. Samson was an 
example of strength to men of all generations. He is 
'even an example to "-Christian's- if we understand the les- 
sons the Lord demonstrated by the unusual life of this 
unusual man. : ; ' ' \ "' ... 

To begin with, Samson* s birth 5 was miraculous.. It 
was in the time of the Judges before Israel had a king 
that an angel appeared to "the : barren wife 1 of Manoah, 
the Danite, and told her that she should beer a son, a 
special son. She should not drink wine, strong drink, 
nor eat anything unclean because this child was to be 
a Nazarite from- the day 'of his birth to the day of his 

Studying the account of Samson (Judges 13-16) we can 
see that he was very^strong irksome we ys .but : had .his - 
weakness, too. He must have been an outstanding phys- 
ical specimen. He had seven locks of hair "that ha : d 
never been cut, for this, too, was "a requirement of a 
Nazarite, that no razor should come on his , He 
must also have had a strong will to keep himself phys- 
ically pure and free from strong drink when those a- 
round him had no such restriction. Because of his 
being a Nazarite and a very special man of God, the 
account says, "The Spirit of the Lord began to move, 
him." Samson was a man physically prepared for the 
Lord to use him in great displays of power. God's pur- 
pose for this man was in part to stir up trouble with 
the heathen Philistines who at this time had Israel in 

Samson had a weakness for the Philistine girls. He 
fell in love with one from the town of Timnath and 


decided to marry her over his parents' protests. (The 
Bible says this was of the Lord that He sought occa- 
sion against the Philistines.) As Samson was going to 
visit the girl a lion attacked him. '"And the Spirit of 
the Lord came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he 
would have rent a kid." Returning by the scene of the 
struggle, Samson saw that a swarm of bees had made 
honey in the lion's carcase. So Samson put forth this 
riddle to those who were celebrating his wedding feast 
with him: "Out of the eater came forth meat, and out 
of the strong came forth sweetness." Likely his 
Philistine companions would never have guessed the 
answer to this riddle if they had not threatened 
Samson's wife to obtain it for them. They produced 
the answer at the last moment, but Samson knew they 
had found out through his wife. His reply: "If ye 
had not olowed with my heifer, ye had not found out my 

This was the beginning of the enmity between Samson 
and the Philistines. He went hone and his wife was 
given to another 'man. For revenge Samson burned the 
Philistines* grain fields. The Philistines retaliated 
by burning Samson's wife and her father. Then followed 
a great single-handed slaughter by Samson of a number 
of his enemies. He then retreated to the top of the 
rock "Etam" in Judah. Here the Philistines gathered a 
great army and came against the men of Judah. Fearing 
defeat, his countrymen decided to deliver Samson bound 
to his enemies. 3amson consented with the agreement 
that his people would not harm him themselves. So 
they bound, him with two new cords and brought him to 
the Philistines. "And when he came unto Lehi, the 
Philistines shouted against him: and the Spirit of the 
Lord came mightily upon him, and the .cords that were 
upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, 
and his bands loosed from off his hands. And he found 
a new jawbone of an ass, and put forth his hand, and 
took it, and slew a thousand men therewith." 

Samson again found a woman of the Philistines, this 
time in Gaza. When the men knew he was in the city, 


they laid in wait for him and likely had the city gates 
closed and locked. In another feat of great strength* 
Samson "arose at midnight* and took the doors of the 
gate of the city, and the two posts* and went away with 
them, bar and all, and put them upon his shoulders, and 
carried them up to the top of an hill that is before 
Hebron. " 

Still a third time Samson fell In love with a 
Philistine woman, Delilah of the valley of Strek. This 
time Delilah's countrymen promised her great sums of 
money if she could find the secret to Samson's strength. 
Three times Samson gave her a false answer* but she 
finally prevailed on him and he told her all his heart: 
"There hath not come a rasor upon mine head; for I have 
been a Nazarite unto God from my mother's womb: if I be 
shaven* then my strength will go from me* and I shall 
become weak, and be like any other man. 1 ' Delilah had 
found the secret. As soon as she could* she got Samson 
to sleep with his head on her lap and called for a man 
to shave his hair off. 

When Samson woke up he thought he still had strength 
as before. "He wist not that the Lord was departe d from 
him. 1 ' He was taken* his eyes were put out and he was 
made to work in prison for his enemies. They also made 
sport of him. But once when they had Samson on display 
to make fun of him, he was again avenged of his enemies 
though he perished with them. His hair had begun to 
grow by this time* and he had the boy who led him take 
him to the main pillars holding up the stadium where 
3000 Philistines were gathered in a great idolatrous 
celebration of victory over their enemy, Samson. He 
prayed for the Lord to remember him and strengthen him 
once more. V T ith that he took one pillar with his right 
hand and the other with his left. "And Samson said* 
Let me die with the Philistines, And he bowed himself 
with all his might; and the house fell upon the lords* 
and upon all the people that were therein. . So the dead 
which he slew at his death were more than they which he 
slew in his life." For Israel it was victory in trag- 
edy, for Samson's purpose was accomplished. The Lord 



I needed the quiet so He drew me aside , 
Into the shadows where we could confide, 
Away from the bustle where all the day long 
I hurried and worried when active and strong. 

I needed the quiet though at first ,1 rebelled , 
But gently, so gently, my cross He upheld , 
And whispered so sweetly of spiritual things, 
Though weakened in body, my spirit took wings 
To heights never dreamed of when active and gay. 
He loved me so greatly He drew me away. 

I needed the quiet, no prison my bed, 
But a beautiful valley of blessings instead — 
A place to grow richer in Jesus to hide. 
I needed the quiet so He drew me aside. 

—Selected by Rosa K. Brovont 

used him mightily to weaken the idolatrous nation. which 
had Israel in subjection. 

How ear; the life of a man so violent and warlike be 
an example to people, who call themselves followers of 
the Prince of Peace? 

Samson was a dedicated man. God used him in the 
violent struggle of his day between the people of God 
and the idol-worshipping nations around them. We, too, 
are in a great struggle. Though not physical like 
Samson* s, it is all the more important. Ungodliness 
is all around the Church of God in our time. Faith- 
lessness in marriage, indecent exposure, mocking of the 
God of Heaven, and the increasing use of his sacred 
name in vain are only a few examples. Drug addiction 
is a major problem and morals have not been lower for 
, centuries. Are there any "Nazarites" who can be strong 
in the Lord to do battle against the ungodliness of 
today? When God seeks occasion against the forces of 


Satan at work in our society, can He depend on any 
Christian Samsons to be prepared to fight? Are any of 
us ready and prepared for the Spirit of the Lord to 
come mightily upon us and give us strength to do won- 
ders for the cause -of Christ? Or if we are. not called 
to do wonders, can we not be ready to stand fast in the 

We are instructed strong. And the same apostle 
Paul who instructs us to be strong, writes: "When. I am 
weak, then am I strong," and "My strength is made per- 
fect in weakness." There is no contradiction here for 
our strength is not the physical strength of Samson. 
Now we wrestle not against flesh and blood. In fact, 
as these scriptures hint, when we think we are strong, 
we find we are not prepared at all to meet a crafty 
foe, When we realize and admit that we of ourselves 
are weak and we trust the Lord and pray to Him to give 
us strength, then God can show His power in us. 

The Christian's secret of strength is similar to 
Samson's. As long as Samson was a Wasarite, obedient 
and dedicated, the Spirit of the Lord could come upon 
him and no one could overcome him. Mo obstacle was too 
great; no task was too hard; no ropes could hold him. 
Rut when his hair. was cut he was no longer an obedient 
Nazarite; the Spirit of the Lord departed from him even 
though he was deceived and tricked. 

Today the same dedication and obedience are required 
if we are to be strong in the Lord. The acts of obe- 
dience (unshaven head, refraining from wine, unclean 
meats, etc'.) may not be the same, even as the feats of 
strength are not the same. But" God still requires full 
devotion. He requires that dedication and obedience 
from the heart and not merely the outward acts. : When 
we lose this full dedication of. our hearts to God, be 
sure our strength will be. gone, too. 

Yes, we are weak by. ourselves as Sajiison was weak 
when God left him. -..But when the Spirit of God comes 
upon us mightily, theja we, -too, can carry off the gates 
of the enemy city and no cords can. bind us. 


Strength, strength of my Redeemer, 
Flood and fill this poor weak heart. 

I am full of fault and weakness, 
But I know that strong Thou art*. 

Make us like that mighty Samson, 
Able and strong to do Thy will — 

To face the hosts of sin and darkness. 
Lord, help us our places fill. 

Help us recognise Delilah's 
Fickle schemes to make us weak. 

May we know and guard the secret 
Of this strength whereof we speak. 

Move upon us, Mighty Spirit; 

Enemies are all around, 
Bat in Thy glorious strength we conquer 

Till we stand on higher ground, 

— L.C. 


Jesus Himself said, n I am the door; by me if any 
man enter in, he shall be saved" (John 10:9). Also, 
we read in Revelations 3:20, "Behold, I stand at the 
door, and knock: If any man hear my voice, and open the 
door, I will come unto him, and will sup with him, and 
he with me." Oh dear unsaved ones, please don't wait 1 . 
Remember that to wait or debate may be too late. Let 
us accept Christ now. The Bible says, -"Remember thy 
Creator in the days of thy youth." Remember, one of 
these days the door of Salvation will close forever to 
the sinner who has not answered Christ's pleadings for 
him to come and accept Him, 

We all have many loved ones outside the ark of 
safety. Soon the Lord will come in the air and take 
His chosen ones home. The unsaved will be left on the 


ether side pf that door, and there won't be any key 
that fits that door, for the Lord. has closed' it. 
They'll stand and cry to get the door open. Oh, how 
sad; they are lost foreverl I wonder if you have ever 
stepped and thought about how you would feel. Let us 
suppose you have a small baby, and you went out of the 
house and a wind blew the door shut, and there was no 
way you could open it and get to the precious baby you 
loved so much, THen you can realize how the Heavenly 
Father must feel 'when He pleads for you to open the 
door of your heart and let Him in and you refuse Him. 
He has so much to offer you — a home in Heaven— when you 
leave this old world. Dear ones, won r t you let the 
Christ into your heart before it is too late? 

Accept Him while you still have time, so it will be 
well with your soul. Noah preached one hundred and 
twenty years and was only able to save his family. He 
was richly rewarded for all the effort he put forth. 
He must have been 'happy to be able to take hi$ family 
into the ark with him. God closed the door. 

Let us open our hearts to the Lord today. Don f t pit 
it off till tomorrow. 'You do not know if there will be 
a tomorrow. Christ is- calling you today. Accept Him 
and prepare for that beautiful home He has gone to pre- 
pare for you* This is my prayer. 

-E. M. Alltus 
Modesto, California 

Cpntinued from page 16 - 

I suppose this man said to himself, "I can't find 
the one whe cured me" so 1*11 just go to the temple and 
thank God for it." 

While he was there Jesus found him and said, "Behold, 
you are made whole: sitt no more, lest a worse thing 
come unto you." 

Jesus wanted this man to live a good and pure life 
just like He wants you and me to do. If you live for 
Jesus, He will always bless you for it. 

— Rudolph Cover 


GENESIS (continued) 

By Alvy E. Ford 
Chapter 44 . / * 

Corn is provided and brothers start back. 
Cup is discovered in Benjamin's sack. 
Benjamin's' held as a servant 1 9 be. 
I • Judah delivers an eloquent plea* ; 

Chapter 45 .' , * 

Joseph is now to his brothers made known. 1 
Also his love and compassion *kre shown. ' 
Pharaoh is' pleased and' invites them to; dwell. 
Jacob is stunned but is grateful as well. 
Chapter 46 ............ .. 

Israel journeys to Egypt to live. . , 
God comes in vision His blessings to give. . .,■• 
All of the tribe, numbers three-score and ten. 
Jacob and Joseph together again. 
Chapter 47 ■ • *%?* 

Jacob, is brought before Pharaoh to stand. 
Then he is given the best, of the land. 
People are paupers, cannot buy a thing. 
Joseph buys all of the land for the king. ■•■ K- 
Chapter 48 

Jacob is old and is ready to die. 
Joseph's two sons venture forth and come nigh. 
Jacob now claims the two lads as his .sons. '* 
They shall inherit two portions to come, v . 
Chapter 49 

Jacob now has. all his sons gather near, 
Prophesies things of a far distant year. 
Each son is named and accordingly blessed. 
Jacob reclines and is gathered to rest. 
* Chapter 50 

V Now are the brothers concerned with their fate, 
• Fearing that Joseph will render them hate-. 
Joseph gives comfort and no cause to weep; 
Dies, and is placed in a coffin to keep. 

Selected by John and Elizabeth Drudge 



DAVID A, SKILES, son of David and Susan (Metzger) Skiles 
was born July 31, 1883, near Rossville, Indiana. 

On January 20, 1904 he was united in marriage to 
Hettie Milyard who preceded him in death July 8, 1963. 
To this union were born three sons and one daughter. 

Early in life he was baptized into the Old German 
Baptist Church , and in 1913 established himself with the 
Old Brethren Church where he was elected to the ministry 
and later ordained to the eldership where he faithfully 
served as long as health permitted. 

On March 10, 1966 he was again united in marriage to 
Leah Royer who survives. 

On July 21 he was involved in a minor auto accident 
which resulted in some broken ribs. This seemed to 
weaken him from which he never fully recovered. During 
his illness of three weeks he called for the anointing 
which gave him comfort. On August 13 he apparently 
suffered a heart attack and suddenly and unexpectedly 
passed away at the age of 86 years and 13 days. 

At the time of his passing he still lived in the old 
homestead where he was born. 

He leaves besides his companion the three sons and 
one daughter, Harvey of Dayton, Ohio, Silas of Flora, 
Indiana, Rhoda Beckner of Covington, Ohio, and Clement 
of Bringhurst, Indiana, and two stepsons, Raymond and 
Herman Royer of near Wakarusa, Indiana. Also surviving 
are one brother, Daniel Skiles, and one sister, Susan 
Gascho, of near Rossville, twelve grandchildren, and 
thirteen great grandchildren. Preceding him in death 
were three brothers. 

Funeral services were held in the Old German Baptist 
Church by Elmer Brovont, assisted by Melvin Coning and 
Ezra Wagoner. The text used was II Corinthians 5:1 with 
hymns 45 5 , 260, 403 , and 456. Burial was in the Middle- 
fork cemetery. 

— The Family 


H1MN 403 

Returning, not departing, 
My steps are homeward bound; 
I quit the land of strangers, 
For home on native ground. 

I'm leaving only shadows 
For what is true and good: 
I must not, can not, linger;. 
I would not, though I could. 

This is not death's dark portal — 
Life's golden gate to me 
Link after link is broken, 
And I at last am free. 

Jesus, thou wilt receive me, 
And welcome me above; 
This sunshine, which now fills me, 
Is thine own smile of love. 


My. heart can sing when I pause to remember 
A heartache here is. but a stepping stone 
Along the trail that f s winding always upward; 
This troubled world is not my final home. 

The things of earth will dim and lose their value 
When we recall they 1 re borrowed for awhile. 
*And things of earth that cause the heart to tremble, 
Remembered there will only bring a smile . 

Until then my heart will go on singing, 
Until then with joy I '11 carrjr on, 
Until the day my eyes behold the city, 
Until the day God calls me home. 

—Stuart Hamblen 




II. The Third Crusade 

On hearing of the great defeat suffered by the 
Frankish forces in the Holy Land, the kings 6£ Europe 
made plans for a third great crusade with the blessing 
of the pope. Chief among the leaders of the Third 
Crusade were Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa), King 
Philip II of France , and King Richard I, n the lion- 
hearted' 1 , of England. By this time Barbarossa, the 
Emperor of Germany, was an aging man of seventy, having 
accompanied Emperor Conrad on the Second Crusade forty- 
two years earlier. 

In 1189 A.D. the Germans set out for the Holy Land 
taking a land route while the French, English, Italians, 
and Scandinavians went by sea. Once again the German 
Crusaders met. the resistance of the Byzantine Empire. 
Emperor Isaac Angelus had just come to power and was 
fearful that the German Army might spell the end for his 
tottering empire. Indeed it was. only after threats and 
promises of peace that the Germans were allowed to pass. 
Unfortunately, the luck of the Germans was not to hold 
as their leader, Barbarossa, died. while bathing in a 
river, presumably from heart failure. The effect of 
this was to transform the once -mighty army to a band of 
tired and disheartened men which Barbarossa' s son was 
unable to control. The result was the disbanding of the 
majority of the. troops. Many were to die or be captured 
and sold into , slavery trying to make their way home. 
Only about one or two thousand men out of an original 
force of fifty to one hundred thousand managed to reach 
Acre. To the Moslems this was a further proof of God's 
favor. Had not He allowed, them to defeat the European 
infidels who had taken their lands from them? Now the 
Europeans were being- put to confusion before they reached 
the Holy Landl . „. 


The Anglo-French Army was yet to come, however. 
While it has been said that the English and French 
kings did not have the zeal for the Crusades that 
Barbarossa had had, it should be noted that Richard 
acquitted himself and his troops well. They were able 
to defeat Saladin in several battles, especially at 
Acre and along the coast. After the defeat at Acre 
the Moslem commander there signed an agreement in the 
name of Saladin providing for the release of the 
Frankish prisoners, the return of the true cross, and 
the payment of a tribute of 200,000 dinars. By this 
time Richard 1 s popularity among his troops was very 
high, but so was his arrogance. Because he felt that 
Saladin was slow in carrying out the release of the 
prisoners and payment of the tribute, he ordered that 
3,000 Moslem prisoners be beheaded. Saladin was fu- 
rious on hearing of this action. He had had the true 
relic of the cross in his camp ready to return and the 
prisoners were ready for release, instead, he sent 
the relic back to Damascus and refused to free the cap- 
tive Franks. Although some have thought that Saladin 
was cold-blooded, he was actually very sensitive. He 
took no action of reprisal lor the slaughter of his men 
but promised that in future battles he would take no 

Although Richard was initially successful, he was 
not able to take Jerusalem in spite of two attempts in 
December, 1191, and June, 1192. Realizing that the 
action was at a stalemate, Richard opened negotiations 
with Saladin for peace. As part of the proposed agree- 
ment, Richard r s sister Joanna was to be given in mar- 
raige to Saladin »s brother, Malik al-Adil. Malik was 
asked to become a Christian prior to the marriage. To 
his credit he actually considered this move. However, 
the marriage did not take place as Joanna refused to 
marry a Moslem. A treaty was finally concluded between 
Saladin and Richard which allowed for the Franks to 
retain possession of the lands which they currently 
held as a vassal of Saladin. They were also to be 


allowed access to Jerusalem and the Holy Sepulchre* 
Thus the Kingdom of Jerusalem became a fiction and at 
best an excuse for personal power on the part of some 
individuals* At the close of negotiations Richard and 
his army left to return to England in October , 1192. 


■*•• The Crusades . Zoe Oldenbourg 

2* The Shorter - Cambridge Medieval History , C. W. 

3. Encyclopedia Americana , vol. 8 

—Glen Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California 


I was standing in Tiffany* s great store in New York, 
and I heard the salesman say to a lady who had asked him 
about some pearls^ "Madam, this pearl Is worth $17,000. » 

As I looked around that beautiful store, J imagined 
them bringing all their stock up to my house, and say- 
ing, "We want you to take. care of this tonight." What 
do you think I would do? I would go as quickly as I 
■ could to the telephone and call up the Chief of police 
and say, "I have all Tiffany 1 s stock in my house > and 
it is too great a responsibility. Will you send seme 
of ygur most trusted officers to help me?" lou would dc 
the same, wouldn't you? 

But I have a little boy in my home, and for him I am 
responsible. I have had him for nine years , and some of 
you may have just such another little boy. I turn to 
this old Book and I read this word: "What shall it pro- 
fit a man if he gain the whole world and lose his own 
soul?" It is as if he had all the diamonds and rubies 
and pearls in the wo rid , and held them in one hand, and 
just put a little boy in the othe^, and the boy would be 
worth more than all the jewels. If you would tremble 


because you had $17,000 worth of jewels in the house 
one night, how shall you go up to your Father and your 
son be not with you? 

— J» Wilbur Chapman 

From "The Log. of the- Good 

.. Ship Grace" - .; 


The soul of a child is the lovliest flower 
That grows in the garden of God. 
It climbs from weakness to knowledge and power 
To the "sky from the clay and the clod. 

To beauty and sweetness it grows under care 
Neglected ! tis ragged and wild > • • • . 
f Tis 8 plant that is tender and wondrously rare,. 
The sweet wistful soul of. a child- . 

Be tender, gardener and give it its share 
Of moisture, of warmth and of light; 
And let it not lack for painstaking care 
To protect it from frost and blight, 

A glad day shall come when its bloom shall unfold. 
It will seem that an angel has smiled 3 
Reflecting a beauty and .sweetness untold 
In rthe sensitive soul of a child. 

In the breast of a bulb is a promise of spring; 

■In the little blue egg is -a bird that will sing; 

In the soul of the seed is the hope of the sod; 

In the soul of the child is the 'kingdom of God. 

— Selected from "The Quiet Hour" 

The Fall Love feast of the Salida Old Brethren Church 
is set for November 1 and 2. All are welcome. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 



Did you ever hear of a sick person who got well by 
stepping into a pool of water? One time when Jesus was 
at Jerusalem, there was a pool of water called Bethesda 
which had five porches built around it so that sick 
people could come there and wait to be healed. At a 
certain time of the year, an angel came to this pool 
and troubled the water; that is, the angel caused the 
water to ripple or move so people could see it. When 
this happened, the first sick or crippled person who 
stepped into the water would be made well. 

There was a certain man who was so crippled he could 
hardly move around and had been this way for thirty- 
eight years. 1 Somehow he had come to the pool and was 
waiting for the water to move. As he waited, Jesus 
came along and said to him, "Would you be made whole? 11 

Not knowing who it was, the man replied, "Sir, I have 
no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the 
pool: but while I am coming, another steps down before 

Then Jesus said, "Rise, take up your bed and walk." 

Maybe the man thought, "It won't hurt to try." And 
to his surprise he got right up. His legs were strong 
and well. Then he may have thought, "The man said to 
take up my bed, but I haven 1 t done this for years; but 
I didn't think I could stand up, so I'll just give it 
a try." Sure enough his arms were healed too, and he 
just reached down and picked up his bed as easily as 
anybody and it didn't hurt him a bit. Then he remem- 
bered that Jesus had said to walk, and although he 
likely hadn't done anything but crawl a little, he 
started out. He could walk just fine, and he was so 
happy and excited when someone asked him who healed him, 
he looked to find Jesus and Jesus wasn't there. He 
couldn't tell who it was that had healed him J 

Continued on page g 


VOL. 16 OCTOBER, 1969 NO. 10 

^Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


From Psalm 103 

my soul, bless thou Jehovah, 
All within me, bless His name; 
Bless Jehovah, and forget not 
All His -mercies to proclaim: 

Who forgives all thy transgressions, 
Thy diseases all who heals, 
Who redeems thee from destruction, 
Who with so kindly deals. 

Far as east from west Is distant, 

He hath put away our sin; 

Like the pity of a father 

Hath the Lord*s compassion been. 

Bless Jehovah, all His creatures 
Ever under His control, 
All throughout His vast dominion; 
Bless Jehovah, my soul. 

For as high as Is the heaven, 
Far above the earth below, 
Ever great to them that fear Him 
Is the mercy He will show. 

Selected from "Life Songs" 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the 
Tree of Life which is in the midst of the paradise of 
God." (Revelations 2:7) 

The Tree of Life was placed in the midst of the gar- 
den of Eden near unto the tree of the knowledge of good 
and evil. (Genesis 2:9) Man was informed by God that 
the consequence of partaking of this tree was death. 
He forbade him to eat of it. So life and death grew 
side by side, and the destiny of man depended upon 
man f s choice. 

After man's partaking of the tree of the knowledge 
of good and evil and the penalty of death pronounced by 
God, the Lord considered the possibility of man*s 
reaching out to partake of the Tree of Life and living 
forever in his sinful condition. God took His power to 
protect the way to the Tree of Life with "Cherubims and 
a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way 
of the Tree of Life." (Genesis 3:24) 

So disappeared the Tree of Life, perhaps soon taken 
from the earth, and the Bible is silent of its exist- 
ence until John's wonderful vision on the Isle of 
Patmos, (Revelations 1:9) Here is revealed indeed the 
Tree of Life "in the midst of the paradise of God," 
"In the midst of the street of it, and on either side 
of the riv£r, was there the Tree of Life, which bare 
twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every 
month, and the leaves of the Tree were for the healing 
of the nations." (Revelations 22:2) "Blessed are they 
that do His commandments, that they may have right to 
the Tree of Life, and may enter in through the gates 
into the city," (Revelations 22:14) So we see three 
times is the Tree of Life mentioned in Genesis and 
three times in Revelations. 

The potency of the Tree of Life is preserved for the 
"overcomers." God will give to eat of it. The doers 


of His commandments will have the right to partake of 
its fruit ift its eternal freshness. 

We read of only two , Adam and Eve, who partook of 
the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, and the 
sentence was deaths which also descended upon all the 
generations of Adam except Enoch and Elijah. These 
somehow missed death in its deadly horror of the grave, 
though they no doubt have gone through a change . How- 
ever , it has pleased God to throw the veil of mystery 
around t helm I 

Also, we must make an exception of those Christians 
who are last and remain upon this earth when Jesus 
comes at the first resurrection, when the living ones 
of Jesus* own will be changed to glory in the .'! twin- 
kling of an eye" as we read: 

n Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught 
up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in 
the air: and so shall we ever -be with the Lord." • (I 
Thessalonians 4:17) MM shall not all sleep, but we 
shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of 
an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, 
and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we 
shall be changed." 

For Jesus "who hath abolished death, and hath 
brought life, and immortality to light through the gos- 
pel," (2 Timothy 1:10) also has said,. "I am the resur- 
rection, and the life: He that believeth in me, though 
he were dead, yet shall he liver And whosoever liveth 
and believeth in me shall never die. Believe st thou 
this?" (John 11:25, 26) Also, "My sheep hear my voice, 
and I know them, and they follow me: And I give unto 
them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither 
shall any man pluck them out of my hand. .My Father 
which gave them me is greater, than all; and no man is 
able to pluck them out of my Father T s hand." (John 10: 

What words of bliss that He said this I 
Before His Throne, His very own 
' Eat: of Life's Tree, His face to see 
A crown to wear, His Throne to share. 


To bring this possibility/ it was necessary that 
Jesus "was in all points tempted as we are, yet without 
sin," (Hebrews 4*15) and to meet death face to face 
"that by the grace of God He should taste death for 
every man." (Hebrews 2:9) And having power to lay down 
His life and to take it again (John 10:18) clearly 
proved His words, "For as the Father hath life in Him- 
self; so hath He given to the Son to have life in Him- 
self." ' 

Thus equipped He alone could lead the way to life, 
but we can follow in His steps I (I Peter 2:21) ; We can 
see His footsteps along the narrow way to life. 

"But we all with open face beholding as in a glass 
the glory of the Lord"— see Him here on earth in His 
lowly , yet powerful way meeting all the foes of life, 
ha,ving power over all maladies and diseases of man, and 
knowing all the horrors of the bondage of sin. He 
could heal both soul and body by His mighty power — part 
of His glory. He also proved His power over death by 
raising the dead to life and giving to man soundness of 
body "and cleanness of soul. He also gave hope beyond 
the grave by imparting to them. the words of eternal 
life. He went on and on wrapped in glory, though cov- 
ered for awhile with the mantle of shame. He went to 
the cross and met the monster face .to face, shrouded by 
darkness, for the sun refused to shine upon the black 
crime of man and demons, satyrs and the devil. They 
"killed the Prince of Life" as Jesus said, "Father, 
into thy hands I commend my Spirit." 

But afterwards when He had laid down His life, the 
sun began to shine again for man, struck in terror by 
the loss of his Prince, and after his fearful deed 
said, "Truly this was the Son of God." Though for, a 
season, for His disciples it was a dark time indeed, 
yet hope and glory were growing, until with dazzling 
brightness and earth shaking- power the mighty Son of 
God took up .His life by His own power and again saw 
His loved 'ones face to face. 

He soon ascended to heaven in glory upon glory, now 
to complete the sentence,. "Are. changed into the same 


image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the 
Lord," (2 Corinthians 3:18) Oh, glorious scenes that 
await us after the sleeping time that brings -rest from 
our labors far exceeding the rests we have in nights 
after the day's toils are over! 

But to "awake in His likeness," will; we behold 
The "City of Light" midst the stars we are told; 
Where they know not a sorrow or care, : . 
And the gates are of pearl and the street is of gold, 
And I trust in my heart you Ml be there* 
When the fullness of glory comes, then Jesus will 
grant all His redeemed children gathered together near 
the Throne of God around the Tree of Life to partake of 
its fruit. Yes, we taste the sweetness of His word here 
and in resurrection glory begin to taste of the divine 
food at the table of the Lord in heaven. There all the 
redeemed, as bees upon a blooming tree, partake, not the 
tree of the knowledge of good and evil, but of the Tree 
of Life . Oh, did ever food taste so good, for in its 
fruit is distilled the glory and victory of the Son of 
God I 

And will I pause when 1 shall wake 
Amid the scenes of glory's dawn, ■ 
Arise while worlds begin to shake, 
And dying time moves on and on? . 

When I shall meet the hosts of Him 
Who leads ahead in robes of light; 

When shades of earth begin to dim, 
Give place to heaven's glory bright. 

sweet the scent where nectar fields 

Afar away in beauty bloom; 
For now in time their fragrance yields 

This side the silence of the tomb. 

But in that morn of heaven's bliss, 
A fragrance more rare than we have known 

Comes from the place where Jesus is, 
Nearby our Heavenly Father 1 s throne. 


The Tree of Life there stately grows, 
Whose flowers and fruits perfume the place;. 

And .from this central heaven throws 
Its scent abroad to- Adam's race. 

Who now have joined those In the sky 

With Christ ' in "everlasting song; 
And Father , abba Father , cry, 

Our, God, our help, our way along. • 

0> like a bird back to its nest, 
This, fragrance sweet. from Life's own Tree 

Lures me unto that place of rest 
Like nectar lures the honey bee, 

I long to eat where fruits and flowers 
Are mingled in that shade-lit glow; 

Above the mighty walls and towers 
Stand guard around it row on row. 

And will J see on highest hill. : - : 

The city bright of jasper wall; 
That presence the bright heaven fill 

The Tree of Life" out towering all? g 

And when; my Saviour bids me eat, y. 

With throngs ma j I surround that: Tree; 
May my partaking be complete, 

Eternal life my own to be. 

— J. I. Cover. 


The Fall Love feast of the Salida Old Brethren Church 
will be .held,- the Lord willing, on November 1 and 2 at 
the Salida meeting house, Salida,' California. A hearty 
invitation and welcome Is extended to all the brethren 
and sisters and friends to attend. 

-—Daniel F. Wolf 


"Delight thyself also in the Lord; and He shall give 
thee the desires of thine heart." Psalm 37t4 

How long has it been since anything has really de- 
lighted us? "Delight" , "joy" and "happiness" are simi- 
lar in meaning and all should be elements in the 
Christianas experience. 

We all know people who seem to be unhappy most of 
the time. They spread gloom as they go arid it seems 
that nothing pleases or delights them. Usually these 
are people who haven f t had the joyful experience of 
knowing and serving the Lord. But many times Chris- 
tians, too b go through times of unhappiness and all of 
us seem to have discouraging moments. 

There are many causes for unhappiness in the lives 
of Christians, but perhaps one of the most common is 
failure to recognize what is really valuable in life. 
When we look at conditions around us, especially as 
wickedness increases and the world ripens for judgment, 
it makes us sad and discouraged. So many of our friends 
are seemingly indifferent and unreachable. As we look 
forward to old age or sickness and think what suffering 
one could have we can become sad. 

But when we lift our sights to the eternal and sure 
promises of God through Jesus Christ our Lord, we can 
truly be delighted. How blessed we are to have the- 
privilege of serving the Lord, believing His word, and 
knowing that He died for our sins and has washed us in 
His own blood. 

When we recognize the real values of life we can re- 
joice to see old age come knowing that we are nearing 
home. We can have joy in witnessing for Christ even 
though fruits seem few. What. a comfort it is to rest 
in the Lord and know that His is the work and the bat- 
tle. We can do our best and know that God can take it 
and use it and multiply it in the way that pleases Him. 

I've found my Lord and He is mine, 
He won me by His love; 


I r ll serve Him all my years of time, 
And dwell with Him above. 

His yoke is easy, His burden is light, 
I've. found it so, I've found it so; 
His service is my sweetest delight; : 
His blessings ever flow. . 


Everybody in Coleshili, England, knew William 
Walford. On Sundays he preached around at different 
churches for his minister friends. During the week the 
townsfolk made his little trinket shop their favorite 
meeting place. He was forever whittling out novelties 
for children and he made his scant living carving items 
from ivory. Though his life was filled with adversi- 
ties and he had seen many "seasons, of distress and 
grief" there was something uplifting about the old : 
carver's outlook on life. 

One day in 1842 when Congregational Minister Thomas 
Salmon stopped in Walford f s shop he found his friend 
with more on his mind than his carving and usual opti- 
mistic philosophy. He had composed a poem and he asked 
the Rev. Mr. Salmon to take the words down as he re- 
cited them. 

Sweet hour of prayer I Sweet hour of prayer 1 

That calls me from a world of care, 

And bids me at my Father 1 s throne 

Make all my wants and wishes known; 

In seasons of distress and grief, 

My soul has often found relief, 

And oft escaped. the tempter 1 s snare 

By thy return, sweet hour of prayer. 

Sweet hour of prayer i Sweet hour of prayer 1 
Thy wings shall my petition bear, 
To him whose truth and faithfulness, 
Engage the waiting soul to bless; 


And since he bids me seek his face, 
Believe his word and trust his grace, 
I'll cast on him my every care, 
And wait for thee, sweet hour of prayer 1 

I ' Sweet hour of prayer I Sweet hour of prayer 1 
n May I thy consolation share: 

I ■ Till, from Mount Pisgah's lofty height, 
I view my home, and take my flight: 
This robe of flesh I 1 11 drop, and rise 
To seize the everlasting prize; 
And sing, while passing through the air, 
Farewell, farewell, sweet hour of prayer. 

Three years later, on a visit to New York, Salmon 
presented the old carver's poem to the New York Observ- 
er. It was printed in the September issue of 1845 but 
nothing of note came of it until 14 years later. Then, 
in 1859, a copy of it came to the attention of New 
York's organist and composer William Bradbury. In 
addition to directing choirs, writing music for some of 
the most famous hymns 'and "manufacturing organs, 
Bradbury published some 60 hymn books. He immediately 
saw in ^aiford's poem material for a hymn, set it to 
music and published it. 

The reason William Walford had asked the Rev. Mr. 
Salmon to take down his poem while he dictated it was 
that the old carver couldn't see how to write — he was 

Physically, that is. But what rare spiritual in- 
sight he had to write this immortal hymn I 

V — Selected by Alma Garber 

From "The Log of the Good 
\ Ship Grace" 


MILLER - A daughter, Gayle Katherine, bcrn to Fred and 
Erma Killer of Sonora, California on October 2. 



DANIEL V. SKILES/ son of David and Susan (Metzger) 
Skiles was born October .19* 1870, near Rossville, 
Indiana; He peacefully crossed the river of death at 
the home of his daughter, Mrs. Lloyd Rule, September 
22, 1969, at the age of 98 years, 11 months and 3 days. 
He was united in marriage to Leah Metzger July 31* 1893. 
To this union were born nine children, six sons and 
three daughters. Mother was called to her reward 
January 28, 1936, leaving him to travel the path of 
life alone and with his children more than 33 years* 

One son and one daughter preceded him in death: 
Ida Brovont passing on December 26, 1926; Noah passing 
on October 25* 1965. Also preceding him in death are 
five grandchildren and four brothers. 

Left to mourn his departure are seven children, five 
J sons and two daughters: Ora of Modesto, California; 
Aaron of Wakarusa, Indiana; Marvin of Ansonia, Ohio; 
Lydia Flora of Rossville, Indiana; Joseph of Goshen, 
Indiana; Alma Rule of Rossville, Indiana; and Ezra of 
Elkhart, Indiana; one son-in-law, Elmer Brovont of 
Rossville, Indiana and one daughter-in-law, Mary .Skiles 
of Rossville, Indiana. Also left to mourn are twenty- 
nine grandchildren, sixty-three great grandchildren, 
one great great grandchild, one sister, Susan Gascho, 
and many nephews, nieces, relatives, and friends. 

Father was endowed with a good memory and would in- 
terestingly entertain his visitors and listeners with 
conditions and accounts of bygone days, having a per- 
sonal acquaintance with many of the church fathers 
which he distinctly remembered. He accepted Christ as 
his personal Saviour and was baptised in the summer of 
1895 by John Gascho. In 1913 he was identified with 
the Old Brethren, was elected to the office of deacon, 
to the ministry, and full ministry in which capacity he 
labored as long as health permitted. Having a strong 
desire to depart and be with loved ones who had gone on 
before, he requested the anointing which was given in . 
the presence of most of his family in an impressive 


ceremony. Thus ended a long and interesting career 
spanning almost a century of time. 

As these bonds and ties, to the distant past are one 
by one broken, it, gives us to know that the unchange- 
able laws of God are true and remain. He will be 
greatly missed- in the home where he was cared for and 
all others who knew and loved him.. 

Death has robbed us of our Father 
Whom we loved and cherished dear. 
First was Mother j now our Father, 
Can we help but shed a tear? 

Yes, we 1 11 miss him. Oh we 1 11 miss him 
When we see his vacant chair , 
' And how sad the room without him 
For there is no parent there. 

How we loved him, yes, we loved him, 
No earthly tongue can tell! 
But the angels j they have called him 
Up to heaven with them to dwell. 

We'll miss those kind and loving hands, 
Their fond and earnest care. 
Our home is sad without him 
We'll miss him everywhere. 

Dear Father, must we give you up, 
You whom we loved so well? 
How can we drink the bitter cup 
And say a last farewell? 

Your busy hands are folded, 
Their work on earth is done; 
Your trials are all ended, 
Your heavenly crown is won. 

— The Family 




Although the members of the Third Crusade in effect 
had given up Jerusalem to the Moslems, there were to .be 
other attempts to reassert European control in the Holy 
Land. Although the opportunity . for re-establishment of 
the Kingdom of Jerusalem appeared in 1193 with the 
death of Saladin, it was not until about ten years 
later that a European force would be ready to set out 
for the Holy Land. Thus the Moslems were saved at 
their weakest ebb by the inactivity of the Europeans. 

I. The Fourth Crusade 

While the European barons and kings were becoming 
weary of the expeditions to the Holy Land, the papacy 
was not. Pope Innocent III was determined that 
Christendom retain possession of the Holy Sepulchre. 
Consequently, the call for the new crusade was preached 
throughout Europe. Like it or not, the kings and 
barons had no choice but to gather another army. Ex- 
cuses could not be made. It -was clear that their duty 
to God and the Church, came before the welfare of their 
countries or themselves. 

When the army was finally ready, they set out for 
Venice from which they planned to sail. The plan of 
action called for a vigorous campaign against Egypt, 
which was the center of Moslem power. It was hoped 
that with a decisive victory there, the ability of the 
Moslems to resist the Crusaders would be broken, allow- 
ing for European domination of the Holy Land. At 
Venice they found that the Venetians were not able to 
convey them to the Holy Land as planned. They then 
turned toward the Byzantine Empire which had always 
feared crusading armies. Although Pope Innocent had 
expressly forbidden any interference in the affairs of 
the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople was taken and 


spoiled. At first the pope was furious, but later his 
wrath was appeased as the action allowed for Latin in- 
fluence to be re-established in Constantinople, 

The action in Constantinople ended the Fourth 
Crusade, It is perhaps significant that the Crusaders 
never reached the Holy Land, especially since they had 
not had the seal for the conquest of Jerusalem and the 
Holy Sepulchre which former Crusaders had possessed. 

II. The Children's Crusade (1212) 

Tales of the Children's Crusade h&ve captured the 
interest of subsequent generations. As they have been 
handed down they have become richly embellished with 
fiction and legend. It is difficult to know for cer- 
tain exactly what motivated the bands of children to 
embark upon such a crusade or what might have tran- 
spired that caused the many parents to allow such an 

The Children's Crusade was actually composed of two 
separate groups of children, one French and one German. 
While their elders were becoming disenchanted with the 
Crusades the children were no doubt fascinated with the 
stories of adventure in the service of the Church. 
Many of them were probably sincerely motivated to serve 
their Church and Lord. The German group was lead by a 
young lad named Nicholas from Cologne while the French 
children were under the leadership of Stephen, a shep- 
herd boy. Stephen claimed that Christ had personally 
appeared to him and commissioned him to lead the Cru- 

Because the German and French groups apparently 
never met they suffered different fates. The German 
group of children actually made the long journey to 
Genoa, In Italy, where they expected the waters to 
part, as the Red Sea had done, so that they could walk 
to the Holy Land. Many died of starvation and expo- 
sure on the journey. Finally on reaching Genoa they 
were extremely disappointed that the miracle did not 
occur. Many were persuaded to continue to the Holy 


Land by ship. These were deceived by unscrupulous ship 
captains who sold them to Moslem slave traders. Others 
attempted to return home or settled in Italy, 

The French band of children never left their home- 
land. They spent most of the summer wandering through 
France, praying and singing for the people. Finally 
they were ordered to return home by the King of France. 
Some stories have the children being sold into slavery 
at Marseille , but this is highly unlikely. Thus the 
French group of children met a much better fate than 
the German band. While the number of French children 
participating in this crusade is not known, it is 
thought that there- were about seven thousand German 

.—Glen W. Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California 


I learn as the years roll onward 

and leave the past behind, 
That much that I counted a sorrow 

but proves that God is kind, 
That many a flower which I longed for 

had a hidden thorn of pain, 
And many a rugged bypath 

led to fields of ripened grain. 

The clouds that cover the sunshine 

cannot banish the sun, 
And the earth shines. out brighter 

when the weary rain is done. 
We must .stand in the deepest sorrow 

to see the clearest light, 
And often from wrong 1 s own darkness 

comes the strength of right. 


We must live thr ought the dreary winter 

if we would value the springy 
And the woods must be cold and silent 

before the robins sing. 
The flowers must be buried in darkness 

before they can bud and bloom/ 
And the warmest and sweetest sunshine 

comes after' the storm and gloom. 

So the heart from the hardest trials 

gains the purest joy of all, 
And from lips that, have tasted sadness 

the sweetest songs will fall. 
For as peace comes after suffering 

and love is reward of pain, 
So after earth is Heaven-^ 

and out of our loss is gain. 

— Selected by Bertie Baker 

(Continued from page 16) 

gone," and another one said, "So is mine," and another, 
"I f m clean, I'm clean!" Arid they were all ten healed— 
every one. 

Jesus was watching, and all at once one of the ten 
that were healed turned back and with a loud voice 
glorified God and fell down at Jesus 1 feet and thanked 
Him for making him well again. And this man was a 
Samaritan. Jesus said, "Were there not ten cleansed, 
but where are the nine? There are not found that re- 
turned to give glory to God, except this stranger." 
So Jesus said to the man at His feet, "Arise, go thy 
way: thy faith hath made thee whole." 

Jesus appreciated this strangers thanking Him. 
Let us remember to thank Him for all the good things 
Jesus gives us. 

— Rudolph Cover 



Luke 5:12 

Did you ever wonder why we never read about Jesus 
being sick? He healed many, many people who were dis- 
eased and came in close contact with all kinds of sick- 
ness, yet He was never sick* We kno\<* that He got very 
tired and weary but He was always well. Jesus was the 
fountain of life. He said, U I am come that they might 
have life and that they might have it more abundantly. 1 ' 
People flocked to Him by the hundreds to be healed. 
They wanted to be well and strong and here was the one 
who could heal them I 

In those days, leprosy was a disease that the people 
feared most of all* Anyone who was a leper had to call 
out, "Unclean 1 Unclean I" so that no healthy person 
would get close to them, and you can be sure no one did, 
that is, except Jesus. 

One day as Jesus passed through a certain city, a 
man who had a terrible case of leprosy fell at the feet 
of Jesus and said, "Lord, if you will you can make me 

Jesus didn't run away from this man like other peo- 
ple, but reached out and touched him with Kis hand and 
said, "I will* be thou clean." And right away the leper 
was healed. It must have been wonderful for him to see 
and feel all those diseased places on his body become 
clean and well again. 

Another time Jesus was entering into a village and 
there were ten lepers that met Him. As soon as they 
thought He could hear them they called out as loud as 
they could, "Jesus, Master, have mercy on us." 

Now when Jesus saw them, His heart was touched with 
pity for the diseased men and He said, "Go show your- 
selves unto the priests." This was a little different 
than what Me usually did, but the lepers knew that they 
could never be considered cured unless the priests gave 
their approval. So off they went. As they were on • 
their way one of them said, "I'm healed i My leprosy 1 s 

(Continued on page 15) 


VOL. 16 NOVEMBER, 1969 NO. 11 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


I thank the Lord, my Maker, 

Fbr all His gifts to me, 
For making me partaker 

Of bounties rich and free; 
For father and for mother, 

Who give me clothes and food, 
For sister and for brother, 

And all the kind and good. 

I thank the Lord, my Saviour, 

Who came for me to die, 
And bless me with His favor, 

And fit me for the sky; 
That all my sins out-blotted, 

By Jesus washed away, 
I may be found unspotted 

When comes the final day. 

1 thank the Lord for giving 

The spirit of His grace, 
That I may serve Him living , 

And dying, reach the place 
Where Jesus in His glory 

I shall forever see, 
And tell the wondrous story 

Of all His love for me. 

By Thomas MacKellar 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel P. Wolf. 


"Harvest of Values" — this was the theme for a sale 
not long ago In the store where I work. The theme was 
supposed to give the Idea that there were reduced 
prices, special buys and values to be.-had at our store 
during the days of the sale. Large window" banners pro- 
claimed it, and folders, mailed to the customers listed 
and pictured the items that were being. featured* 

Many people may doubt the real .value jot the bargains 
offered at such; -a -sale*. But, there is another "harvest 
of values" about which there can be no doubt. In this 
other harvest, God is the dispenssr of the values 3 and 
He always gives good measure. His are true values with 
full guarantees on their quality, 

God has sent us His catalog of the true values—His 
Word of Life. , We can browse jthrough its pages and find 
the greatest bargains ever offered- to man. We can trade 
in our old lives, old habits, and .old prejudices and God 
will fit us out with all* things new.- He tells us of His 
offer of peace : and -reconciliation through ,- : Kis Son, the 
Lord Jesus Christ. Here we find what God did for us and 
what He asks us to da--to believe His word, accept His 
sacrifice , and obey His -voice. So -the first value we 
can find is salvation for cur souls with the pardon of 
our sins and the gift of • the Holy Ghost. "For what 
shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole worid, 
and lose his own soul? Or what shall a man give in ex- 
change for his soul?" (Mark 8:36, 37) What can be more 
valuable than eternal life for our souls? 

As we go on seeking values, we find that we can have 
peace. "Therefore being justified by faith, we have 
peace with God through our Lord Jesus. Christ." (Romans 
5:11) Jesus said, "Peace I leave with you, my peace I 
give unto you." What a privilege it is to have this 
peace even in a world filled with war and violence. 
Many Christian people today would take the way of war 



though we are instructed to follow the things that make 
for peace. But Christians throughout the history of 
the church have been peacemakers-, and they; possessed 
this peace even in the arena with the lions and even 
in the face of torture, where to resist would have been 
easier than to submit as it would have brought a speed- 
ier and easier death. 

In God's word we find light, "Thy word is a lamp 
unto my feet, and a light unto my path." How valuable 
to us is a light on a dark night* We have probably all 
read of instances when a flashlight meant the difference 
between life and death. How much more valuable and 
life-saving is the light that comes from God. We have 
a situation similar to that of the children of Israel 
during the plague of darkness before they left Egypt. 
There was light in the Israelite homes but darkness in 
all others. Jesus tells us, "I am the light of the 
world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, 
but shall have the light of life." We have been called 
out of darkness into His marvellous light. 

We could list many more of the true values: fellow- 
ship with other Christians, assurance and freedom from 
fear, clear consciences because of the forgiveness of 
our sins, and the priceless value of access to God 
through prayer. This is a value that we treasure more 
as we exercise more in it. I believe it is safe to say 
that there is not a situation a Christian can face that 
cannot be made, easier as we share it with our Heavenly 
Father in prayer. Martin Luther is credited with a 
statement something like this: "I have so many things 
to do today that I must spend several hours in prayer." 
But short prayers are also valuable, and we can reach 
God in this way at any time — at work or at rest — and 
the oftener we communicate with Him, the easier' and 
happier our lives become. 

In this harvest time are we having a harvest of the 
true values? Do we regard them as worth more to us than 
"the abundance of the things which we possess?" We have 
many. blessings to be thankful for this thanksgiving sea- 
son, but thank Him most for the true, eternal values, 

— JL* * w * 



" "It is "said one of the greatest lacks in our modern 
life is that J of failing to be appreciative of the many 
good -things that come to us from others and from God, 
Children do not appreciate what parents do for them, 
and. parents do not appreciate their children. Husbands 
do not appreciate their wives, and wives reciprocate by- 
failing to appreciate their husbands. Employees do not 
appreciate their employers, and the latter exploit 
their employees. Churches do not appreciate their pas- 
tors, and pastors fail to take the right attitudes 
toward their flock. People who live off the government 
are the ones who do the most complaining about the gov- 
ernment. So the story goes, although we know these are 
sweeping generalities. 

We cite these statements in order to point out the 
fact that we as people of modern times are all too of- 
ten sadly lacking in the noble art of having a proper 
sense of appreciation and of giving it free expression. 
The failure is on both points, although often more on 
the latter. We may often have a feeling of apprecia- 
tion for what. some one has done for us but we fail to 
tell them about i% and thus rob both ourselves and 
them of a blessing. For instance, the faithful wife 
and mother may work long and hard to make good meals 
and to provide nice home conditions, and both husband 
and children take everything as a matter of course and 
fail to express their thanks by loving words and acts 
of appreciation. 

This is a condition that is not new, for we are' told 
in the Scriptures, many times of how people forgot the 
blessings of the Lord and failed to praise and thank 
Him for them. And so the Psalmist often urges both 
nimself and others to remember what the Lord has done 
and to give thanks and praise to Him for this goodness 
and mercy. This brings us to the important thought ex- 
pressed by Paul and quoted as the subject of this edi- 
torial; that is, that above all else, thanks belong to 


We have many failings with regard to a proper sense 
of appreciation and of expressing it, but our biggest 
sin in this respect is the attitude we take toward God 
for the showers of blessing which He is constantly be- 
stowing upon us. The Pilgrim fathers had this sense to 
a large degree and expressed it in their special thanks- 
giving services. Long before this the Israelites had 
their special feasts of the harvest, which were really 
thanksgiving services. God's people through the ages 
have found it profitable to have special seasons of 
thanksgiving, so as not to forget the rich benefits of 
the Lord and not to fail to give appropriate honor and 
praise in appreciation for them. 

In view of all this let us approach the Thanksgiving 
season with a sense of praise, worship, song and tharks- 
giving so that it will be meaningful and helpful to 
ourselves and an honor to God. We could enumerate many 
reasons to be thankful, but the reader can supply them 
as he goes over his own case and reviews his blessings 
during the past year. Let us cultivate the thankful 
spirit and carry it with us always. Let us be thankful 
to our friends and loved ones and let them know that we 
appreciate what they are constantly doing for us. But, 
above all, let us give thanks to God at all times be- 
cause of His boundless blessings that cannot be meas- 
ured. And the greatest of these is the "unspeakable 
gift" of His Son as our Saviour and Lord. If we fail 
to do this we have missed that which will give meaning 
to all our other Thanksgiving observances. 

"Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift." 

— Selected from 1964 
"Bible Monitor" 

BAKER— A daughter, Ruth Irene, bom to Paul and Mary 
Baker of Maple, Ontario on October 25. 



This is an important subject for members to consider. 

Upon this we form our conclusions as to where to 
place each other. Vie imitate someone according to our 

If we join the army, we use its uniform; when we 
join the navy, we dress as sailors. The government has 
adopted clothing suitable to the needs of its various 
branches of service, so as to show to others to which 
branch one belongs. 

All orders and societies of the world have their 
distinctive emblems so as to be known by each other. 

Now when the Lord made the animals, He clothed each 
group to conform to its classification, so we would know 
what kind of an animal it was by its outward appearance. 

The Lord gave instructions as to how His people 
should be dressed when He brought them out of Egypt 
(Numbers 15:38-40). 

He separated them from other people. In this we 
plainly see His mind. So He has given His command to 
all who will be His children today. The command is to 
come out from the world and be a separate people (II 
Corinthians 6:13-18)* 

The Bible teaches us that when we come out from among 
our former associates and are a separate people, we will 
show it by a renewed mind, then we will look different 
on the outside, and we will be clothed alike. 

Many years ago our fraternity adopted a uniform that 
showed to each other and the world to which group we be- 
longed. Thus we are known and read of all men, and are 
living epistles of the Lord (II Corinthians 3r2). 

We are governed largely by our eyes. "When we see 
people clothed like. the people of the world, we form 
our opinion as to what is in their hearts. By our 
speech, appearance, and conduct, we show what is in our 
heart and mind, which indicates whether we have come 
out from the world and want to live as Christians. "Out 
of the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaketh" 
(Matthew 12:34; Luke 6:45) • 


• We must consider what is said in I Corinthians 13 . 
Then what is in the heart will be made manifest on the 

We are commanded M to stand fast in one spirit, with 
one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel" 
(Phillipians 1:27) • Again, "Finally be ye of one mind' 1 
(I Peter 3:8). 

Now brethren and sisters , some tell us that we have 
no scripture for our adopted uniform, but if we take 
the scripture as a whole ,. we have an abundance of , 
scripture to teach us to be humble, plain, lowly in 
mind. Many have experienced that there is no better 
form of dress to keep us from conforming to the world 
than that which has been adopted by the church (Romans 
12:2). Lastly we read how we will all be clothed alike 
in heaven (Revelations 6:11; 7:9, 14). We plainly see 
by this what is the mind of the Lord as to our clothing 
while being His children here on earth. 

So let our walk, talk, and appearance be such as 
becometh children whom the Lord hath chosen out of the 
world to be His peculiar people. 

* 7 e are commanded to be a light to the world, but if 
we look like' the world in dress, as well, as in talk and 
conduct, we are no. light (Matthew 5:16). 

We must have all of the armor of a Christian a 
soldier of Jesus Christ (Ephesians 6:11-18; II Timothy 

"The light of the body is the eye" (Matthew 6:22) 
and we receive knowledge by what we see. "Shew me thy 
faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith 
by my works" (James 2:18). Works here means obeying 
the Word of God as given us in the New Testament. 

— Selected by Clay Wagner 

I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, 
and will call upon the name of the Lord. 

Psalms 116:17 



You might say Gerrit Hasepoot was a family man. He 
liked his work as a tailor because he could sew at home 
and could spend the hours with his family. He loved his 
wife and children very much , but h^ loved Jesus Christ" 
even more. 

When a persecution of Christ's followers began in 
1557;, Gerrit had to leave his home in Nijmegen for a~ 
while. So he had to forsake house, wife, and children 
for the Gospel* s sake. To such refugees Christ promised 
eternal life in the world to come. Gerrit knew the 
Scripture passage about that. But he did not know how 
soon he would need to leave his family behind permanent- 
ly^ how soon he would pass into the world to come* 

It happened this way. The persecution at Nijmegen 
in the Netherlands was not yet over, but Gerrit was be- 
coming more and more lonesome for his family. He de- 
cided to come home secretly to see them. A guard hap- 
pened to recognize Gerrit on the street and reported him 
to the bailiff^ a very blood-thirsty man. The bailiff 
came immediately and caught Gerrit within the loving 
circle of his family. Without mercy he hauled Gerrit 
off to prison. 

In prison Gerrit openly confessed his faith and was 
not ashamed of Christ. Because of this he was sentenced 
to death in the flames at the stake. But he received 
his sentence bravely, because he knew that he would soon 
be with Christ. 

. After the judge had pronounced the sentence, Gerrit *s 
wife came into the city hall, weeping with their baby 
in her arms. She sobbed so hard that she could scarcely 
hold the baby. As was the custom, a large cup of wine 
was poured out for Gerrit to drink. This was supposed 
to be an act of mercy to deaden the pain and relieve the 
fear of execution. However, Gerrit had no desire to die 
in such a condition. He told his wife he would not 
■vouch the wine but would wait for the new wine to be 
given in the kingdom of his Father above. 

Gerrit T s wife could hardly stand any longer and al- 
most fainted with grief. Strange to say, the little 


baby was not frightened by the mother's hysterical mood 
or the commotion of the many strangers in the court- 
room. The infant seemed to be surrounded by a protec- 
tive supernatural influence. It merely laughed and 
cooed to its father. Could it be that this baby in its 
innocence was closer to its father and the kingdom of 
heaven than anyone else in the room? 

Gerrit was taken on a wagon to the scaffold where he 
was to be burned. On the scaffold he joyfully sang 
hymns and prayed. As sometimes happens in the greatest 
moments of one's life, little things become important. 
So Gerrit kicked off his shoes, saying there was no 
point in burning a good pair of shoes, too. Some poor 
man could wear them. The executioner passed the rope" 
through the slit in the stake and around Gerrit ! s neck, 
and began twisting it. But the executioner was care- 
less and did not succeed in strangling him. Gerrit 
caught his breath and began singing another hymn. The 
executioner twisted the rope again — this time until 
Gerrit was dead. Then the fire was lighted. 

And so this witness of Christ forsook house, wife, 
and children forever in this life, firmly believing 
that he would' receive an hundredfold and eternal life 
in the world to come. 

This story is given on page 560 of the Martyrs j 

— By James Wi Lowry 

In "The Pearl of Great Piice" 

Be strong, my soul I 
Thy loved ones go 
Within the veil. God ! s thine, e'en so; 

Be strong. 

Be strong j mj sculi 
Death looms in view. 
Lo, here thy God I He* 11 bear thee through; 

Be strong. 

Selected from "Streams in the Desert" 



Silas Vail made hats for a living , but his real love 
was music. As a young man Vail left home in Brooklyn, 
where he was born in 1818, went to Danbury, Connecticut, 
learned how to make hats,- came back to New York City and 
opened, his own hat business. 

While Silas Vail was operating his hat enterprises 
and writing music on the side, a man named Horace Maters 
was running one of the largest music stores and publish- 
ing houses on Broadway. At the same time a mild- 
mannered Pennsylvania*! named Stephen Foster was writing 
lyrics about Southern plantations and Negro slaves, as 
well as songs for Sunday Schools for publisher Horace 
Waters or anybody else who would buy them. When it came 
to secular songs, Hatter Silas Vail couldn r t hold a can- 
dle to the author of "Old Black Joe, 11 but when it came 
to church music, Vail had it over Foster. 

While Stephen Foster had the nation singing about an 
old home in Kentucky and a cabin on Florida's Swanee 
River, church congregations from one end of the country 
tc the other were singing Silas Vail's music to "Scatter 
Seeds of Kindness," "Nothing But Leaves" and "Gates f§pxl f 

In 1863, Hatmaker Vail and Publisher Waters bought 10 
songs from. Troubadour Foster, added a sizable selection 
of others, and came out with a book called "The Athe- 
naeum Collection," which has preserved for posterity 
many a song that would have otherwise been forgotten. 
While all this was going on, a blind little woman in 
Brooklyn was putting aside the writing of secular songs 
and turning her prolific pen. to the writing of church 

hymns . 

One day in 1874, Vail wrote a piece of jmsic that 
sounded as though it would fit words of a religious Irjmin, 
So Vail left his hat plant, called a cab and had the 
driver take him over to the home of Fanny Crosby in 
Brookl yn . 

Silas Jones Vail played his tune while blind "Aunt 
Fanny' 1 Crosby listened. When the composer came to the 
refrain, the poetess stopped him and said, "Your music 
says * Close to Thee . . . Close to Thee.'" Then the 


little woman asked her hatmaker guest to take down the 
words as she dictated the now famous lines. 

Thou , my everlasting portion, 
More than friend or life to me; 
All along my pilgrim. journey , 
Savior , let me walk with Thee. 
Close to Thee, close to Thee, 
Close to Thee, close to Thee; 
All along my pilgrim journey, 
Savior, let me walk with Thee, 

Not for ease or worldly pleasure, 
Nor for fame my prayer shall be; 
Gladly will I toil and suffer, 
Only let me walk with Thee. 
Close to Thee, close to Thee, 
Close to Thee, close to Thee; 
Gladly will I toil and suffer, 
Only let me walk with Thee. 

Lead me thro 1 the vale of shadows, 
Bear me o'er life's fitful sea; 
Then the gate of life eternal 
May I enter, Lord, with Thee. 
Close to Thee, close to Thee, 
Close to Thee, close to Thee; 
Then the gate of life eternal 
May I enter, Lord, with Thee. 

Selected from 

"The Log of the Good Ship Grace" 

The desire of power in excess caused angels to fall; 
the desire of knowledge in excess caused man to fall; 
but in charity is no excess, neither can man. or angels com 
come into danger by it. 

— Bacon (Selected from 

"The Vindicator") 



III. The Fifth Crusade (1218-1221) 

In spite of the complete failure of the Fourth Cru- 
sade and the tragedy of the Children's Crusade, the 
zeal of Pope Innocent for conquest in the Holy Land was 
undiminished. At the Fourth Late ran Council in 1215 he 
called for the planning of the Fifth Crusade. Like the 
Fourth Crusade the plan called for a strong attack on 
Egypt. While the Crusaders did reach Egypt and ini- 
tially captured Dalmietta, they were later defeated by 
the Moslems. They finally agreed tc return to Europe 
in exchange for the relic of the true cross. 

IV. The Sixth Crusade (1226-1229) 

The Sixth Crusade was largely due to the efforts of 
Frederick II, the young German Emperor. Frederick had 
long been fascinated with the thought of adventure in 
the Holy Land. In 1225 he married the heiress to the 
Kingdom which furthered his desire to retake the Holy 
Land. Because of his differences with Pope Gregory IX, 
who feared that Frederick was endangering the power of 
the papacy, he was excornmunicated. Undaunted, Frederick 
led his army to the Holy Land, where in spite of much 
resistance he was able to secure Nazareth, Bethlehem, 
and Jerusalem as Christian possessions by means of a 
tfen year treaty with the Moslems. This was possible 
only because of the tensions which existed between Syria 
and Egypt. With Jerusalem In his possession, Frederick 
had himself crowned King of Jerusalem. It remained in 
European hands until 1244., when it was taken by the 

V. The Seventh Crusade (1248-1250) 

The Seventh Crusade was undertaken by King Louis IX 
of France with the blessing of Pope Innocent IV. At 
this time Pope Innocent had sent envoys to the Mongols 
Of Asia. It was hoped that these people would accept 


Christianity and join the Europeans in battling the 
Moslems . While the Mongols were more than willing to 
battle the Moslems, they were not "ready to accept Latin 
Christianity, Meanwhile, Louis and his army spent the 
winter of 1248 in Cyprus, which had been added to the 
Kingdom of Jerusalem during the Third Crusade under 
Richard the Lion-Hearted. In 1249 Louis invaded Egypt 
and was successful in taking Dalmietta just as the mem- 
bers of the Fifth Crusade had done. His success was to 
prove just as transient, however, as he soon suffered 
defeat with failure of his expedition, 

VI. The Eighth Crusade (1270) 

Like the Seventh Crusade, the Eighth Crusade was 
conceived and lead by King Louis IX of France. Since 
the failure of the Seventh Crusade the political situa- 
tion among the, Moslems had changed. The Mamelukes had 
overthrown the dynasty that had been established by 
Saladin. In addition, Antioch had been lost to the 
Moslems in 1268. The strategy which Louis used in this 
Crusade was to begin a diversionary attack on Tunis. 
Unfortunately, he died of a fever soon after the attack 
was launched. His brother, Charles, attempted to con- 
tinue the Crusade but failed, 

VII. Conclusion 

Although the Eighth Crusade was a failure, the t 
Franks continued to hold Tripoli, Antioch, and the is- 
land of Cyprus, There was little organized help from 
Europe after the Eighth Crusade, and Tripoli fell in 
1289. The last of the Crusader strongholds in the Holy 
Land fell in 1291 when the Turks managed to take Acre. 
Cyprus was to retain the title of Kingdom of Jerusalem 
for some time, but never again were the Franks to con- 
trol the Eolj Land. 

Taken as a whole, the Crusades were a complete fail- 
ure. To be sure, the First Crusade had enabled the 
Franks to hold control over Jerusalem. However, the 


uncivilized tactics of the Crusaders incurred .the, en- 
mity of the Moslems j Eastern Christians, Jews, and the 
Greeks of the'- "'Byzantine Empire . In addition to being 
ruthless and heartless, the Crusaders often performed 
atrocities in the name of God and the Church. Often 
they were motivated out of a desire for personal fame 
and wealth rather than a love for Christ and the Church 
and became entangled in quarreling and feuding. The 
result was a weakness which made them vulnerable to 
invasion by the armies of Islam. Certainly one of the 
effects was the union of the Moslem factions in a suc- 
cessful effort to defeat the Frankish aliens. The 
Crusades did enhance the prestige and power of the 
papacy, just as Pope Urban had hoped. In addition, 
they weakened and hastened the fall of the Byzantine 
Empire. All in all, they seem to have been a tragic 
waste of many lives in a misguided cause. 


1. The Crusades 3 Zoe Oldenbourg 

2* Encyclopedia Americana , vol. 6 and 8 

— Glen Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California 

I saw tomorrow marching by 
On little children's feet 

And in their forms and faces read 
Her prophecy complete. 

I saw tomorrow look at me 
From little children's eyes, 

And thought hoxtf carefully we'd teach 
If we were wise. 

— Selected from "The 
Wesleyan Methodist" 

"THE PILGRIM r - - 15 "" 

./, Romans 15*13 ■ ■ ; 

We bless Thee for Thy peace, God, 
- , /Deep as the soundless sea,, 
.Which, falls like sunshine on the road 
. Of those who trust in TheQ. 

We ask not Father, for 'repose 

* 7 hich comes -from outward rest, ' £?> J 
If we may have thro 1 ail life's woes H 

Thy peace within our breast. ' [ v ' ' 

Thy peace which suffers and is strong, 

Trusts_ where it cannot .see, 
Deems not the. trial-way .too long, 

But leaves" the end with' Thee. 

That .peace:. which flows serene and deep, 

A river in the soul, 
$%os$ banks a living. ver.dure keep, 

God's sunshine o ! er the whole, 

Father, give our hearts this peace, " .;' 

What? *.re . the outward be., 
Till all lifejs discipline shall cease., 

And we, go home to Thee. 

— Selected by Sylvia. Wolf 

"It takes the bitter and the sweet 

To keep you sitting at 1 My feet. 
And too much sun or too much rain 

Would* be .''your loss and not* your gain. 
I know what's best for you, dear child, 
. Of sunny skies or tempests wild." 
"Oh, yes, Lord, all things work for good. 
To Thee I bffer thanks. ,, ;t ... 
— Dorothy SM>ker 





Once when Jesus was teaching the people, a little boy 
was there who came to see Jesus and hear Him talk* This 
boy had brought some food along. I suppose it was his 
lunch that his mother had prepared, and it was five 
barley loaves of bread and two small fishes* When Jesus 
went up into a mountain to be with His disciples, a 
great multitude of people followed Him, and this little 
boy went too* I think he liked to be just as close to 
Jesus as he could get. 

As Jesus sat down with His disciples, He looked out 
over the people and saw that they were hungry. He asked 
Philip, who was one of His disciples, "Where will we buy 
bread that these may eat?" 

Philip answered, "Why, two hundred penneyworth of 
bread is not sufficient for them that each one of them 
could have a little • " 

Andrew, one of the disciples, said to Jesus* "There 
is a boy here who has five barley loaves and two small 
fishes, but what are they among so many?" 

Jesus said, "Make the men sit down." So they sat 
down and there were about five thousand men. I suppose 
there were many women and children too. Then Jesus took 
the loaves of bread, and when He had thanked His heaven- 
ly Father for them, He began to give the bread and the 
fish to the disciples and the disciples gave them to the 
people. Do you think Jesus ran out of food and the peo- 
ple were left hungry? Not at all. Jesus just kept 
giving more bread and more fish and it didn f t run out. 
Kvery time a disciple came for more, Jesus had more to 
give. And when the people had eaten all they could, the 
disciples gathered up twelve basket sful that were left 


'Wouldn't you like to have been there with that little 
boy? I think he was a very happy boy, don't you? He 
gave Jesus all the food he had, and then he saw Jesus 
perform such a wonderful miracle. — Rudolph Cover 


TOL. 16 DECEMBER, 1969 NO. 12 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Hark! what mean those holy voices 
Sweetly sounding through the skie s? 
Lo! the angelic host rejoices; 
Heavenly hallelujahs rise. 

Hear them tell the wondrous- story; 
Hear them chant in hymns of joy: 
"Glory in the highest, glory! 
Glory be to God most high!" 

Peace on earth, goodwill from Heaven, 
Reaching far as man is found; 
Souls redeemed and sins forgiven; 
Loud our golden harps shall sound, 

Christ is born, the great Anointed; 
Heaven and earth His praises sing! 
Oh, receive whom God appointed 
For your Prophet, Priest and King! 

Selected by Martha Cover 



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Editor: Leslie C 

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We have a beautiful Christmas carol that invites us 
all n come, let us adore Him." This is the season 
called Christmas — a time of celebrating for many in many- 
different ways* But for Christians, if we are to cele- 
brate at all , it must mean adoration of the Lord Jesus 
Christ . 

Adoration is a close kin to worship. I am not sure 
I know the difference, but I do know that only God is 
worthy of both adoration and worship. Jesus came as a 
baby born of a blessed virgin. Much of the adoration 
due to Jesus as the Son of God has been transferred to 
this virgin by a large segment of professed Christians. 
We know this is in error. Jesus made us understand this 
human relationship when he asked 5 "Whc is my mother? 
And who are my brethren?" His answer was "Whosoever 
shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven , the 
same is my brother, and sister, and mother." 

Mary became a worshipper of Jesus. (Acts 1:14) She 
must have been the mother of at least six children be- 
sides Jssus, (See Matthew 13:55.) But there is no rea- 
son to believe there was anything miraculous about the 
others. About the virgin birth of Jesus we quote from 
Halley's "Bible Handbook": "Luke is thought to have 
gotten his story of Jesus' birth directly from Mary her** 
self. Matthew probably got his from Joseph. Both state 
plainly, explicitly, unmistakably, and unequivocally 
that Jesus was born of a virgin. From the beginning, in 
unbroken sequence, it has been held as a tenet of the 
Church, till the rise of modern criticism . . . If He 
was not born of a virgin, how was He born? How else 
could He have been born? ..." 

We mention this to emphasize the way Jesus chose to 
descend from the "ivory palaces" to dwell among men. 
His birth was miraculous and He deserves worship and 
adoration even as a baby. Though we do not understand 


all we know about this, in some way Jesus was God and 
Saviour even though a helpless infant. The announce-*- 
ment to the shepherds was in the present tense: "For 
unto you is born this day in the city of David a Sav- 
iour , which jls Chris t the L ord ." The "wise men from 
the east" came to Jerusalem seeking the newborn King, 
And when they found Him, they willingly, and no doubt 
knowingly,, fell down and worshipped Him and presented 
Him their gifts and treasures. 

If Jesus was worthy of our adoration and worship as 
a baby, how much more as He began to preach the gospel, 
to heal the sick and to raise the dead. We see weak- 
ness and failure in our own lives but none in the per-:: 
feet life of our Lord. This too, then, should cause us 
to worship and adore Him as Lord and perfect example* 

Still further, Jesus is worthy of our adoration for 
what He accomplished. There is no, other name under 
heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. Let 
us look beyond His infancy 1 and childhood and see Him 
at Gethsemane and at Calvary hanging on the cross, made 
a curse for us. "Who his own self bare our sins in his 
own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, 
should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye 
were healed." (I Peter 2:24) Let us worship when "we 
see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels 
for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and hon- 
our; that he by the grace of God should taste death for 
every man." (Hebrews 2:9) Jesus now has the keys of 
hell and of death, for He rose victorious from His gar- 
den tomb* 

This season may our celebration of Jesus 1 birth be a 
time to adore and worship Him as Lord and Saviour. His 
birth was so important because of the redemption of hu- 
manity which He accomplished. He is truly Immanuel, 
God with us. 

come, all ye faithful, 

Joyful and triumphant, 

come ye, come ye to Bethlehem. 

Come and behold Him, born the King of Angels. 

come, let us adore Him, 

Christ, the Lord, — L.C. 



Lew in a manger — dear little Stranger, 

Jesus, the wonderful Savior , was born; 

There was none to receive Him, none to believe Him, 

None but the angels were watching that morn. 

Angels descending, over Him bending, 
.Chanted a tender and silent refrain; 
■Then a wonderful story told of His glory, 
Unto the shepherds on Bethlehem 1 s plain. 

Dear little Stranger, born in a manger, 

Maker and Monarch and Savior of all; 

I will love Thee forever! grieve Thee? no never I 

Thou didst for me make Thy bed in a stall. 

Dear little Stranger, slept in a manger, 
No downy pillow under His head. 
But with the poor He slumbered secure, 
The dear little Babe in His bed. 

— Charles H. Gabriel (Selected) 


John Wesley had this to say about the Bible. "I have 
thought, I am a creature of a day, passing through life 
as an arrow through the air, I am a spirit come from 
God, and returning to God: just hovering over the 3 
great gulf, till, a few moments hence, I am no more 
seen; I drop into an unchangeable eternity. I want to- . 
know one thing — the way to heaven, how to land on that 
happy shore. God Himself has condescended to teach the 
way. For this very end He came from heaven — He hath 
written it down in a Book, Oh, give me that Book, 
At any price, give me the Book of God. Let me be a 
man of one Book. 

— Selected 



Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby- 
some have entertained angels unawares (Hebrews 13 r 2). 

I seldom read that second verse of the last chapter 
of Hebrews but that it reminds me of a woman who died 
five years ago, come this Christmas night. 

I never s&w her, alive or dead. She was just an en- 
try on a police log on the morning of that December 26 
when I made ,f the rounds" for the daily newspaper for 
which I was then working. 

The police log listed simply her name, age, race, 
her home address, and the bare facts of her death. 

She was hit by a car as she walked in a downpour of 
rain, along a main highway, three miles from the near- 
est community, about-"8 p # m. the night before. 

It seemed odd that an elderly woman would have been 
walking in such an isolated area more than 100 miles 
from her home on Christmas night, and I asked' the in- 
vestigating officer if she had been visiting someone in 
the area. "Not that we know of," he said with a shrug. 

It took most of that morning, but I finally pieced 
together the story. 

She bought a ticket in Philadelphia for a place near 
Washington, D.C., where her daughter was a patient in a 
chronic hospital. By mistake she boarded the wrong bus 
and arrived in a small rural community of the same name, 
but a great distance away, in another state. 

To realize the significance of her predicament, 
you've got to understand life in such a rural community. 
There is no rail passenger service at all and no bus 
terminal. The bus stops at a service station along the 
main highway* The service station, the town's only 
taxi, and everything else in the community is closed 
tight on Christmas. 

In tracing her footsteps, it became obvious that she 
knew she had gotten off track, but probably she never 
fully understood where she was. She wandered all day 
across that town of 3,000 people, stopping occasionally 
to knook on a door and ask "Where is the hospital?" 


There is no hospital in that town, and several of 
the people she asked later recounted that they had told 
Her "so > closed the door, and went back' to their Christ- 
mas jollities. 

Some have hinted that the fact that she was a Negro 
may have' had a little something to do with it." Perhaps* 
But, in her wanderings that day, she passed right ' 
through the town's Negro residential area. She stopped 
at several homes in that area of town, and nobody there 
took much time to help her, either. 

Eventually, she showed up at a small nursing home 
about a mile 'out of town, and someone there told her 
that there was a hospital in a neighboring community, 
seven miles away. There is, but it isn't the hospital 
she was looking for. 

Obvioiisly she didn't understand that, because she was 
walking along that road to the neighboring community, 
rather than toward the bus stop, when she was hit by 
the car. 

Her body was shipped back to Philadelphia for burial, 
and the police closed their investigation without bring- 
ing charges against the driver of the car. 

After the article in the paper, most people, except 
me perhaps, forgot all about her. She really wasn't a 
very significant sort of person, just an old woman from 
the sluins of Philadelphia. 

She didn't knock on my door, that day. But, somehow 
I can't help wondering, if she had, would I have been 
so busy with my Christmas celebration that I couldn f t 
"remember what Christmas was all about? 

By Dick Gould 

Faith is that attitude, of mind which, finding itself 
laid hold of by the truth concerning God's love as given 
through Jesus Christ, commits itself to that, truth in 
adventurous trust and obedience,, in spite of all the 
mystery and all the pe r plexity that } remain. 




The night was long, and lights were low, 

And sad the song and fall of woe; 

Death reigned on earth in darkened gloom, 

Going from birth unto the tomb. 

Helpless in sin and heavy care; 

No way to win, no one to spare; 

For wages sure the way had run, 

And still no cure till life is done. 

blight of land, groaning low; 

No hope to stand, no way to go; 

Judgment for sin was at life's end, 

And death would win; there was no friend. 

But prophets old foretold a day 
When sin be rolled and pass away; 
Light shine from home and day would break, 
Messiah come and man would wake. 
Prophets were killed who told the way, 
And darkness filled ere break of day*, 
For sin had grown and hearts were hard; 
Peace was not known, the way was barred 
To life and peace and love so true 
Where conflicts cease, and ways to do 
Like to the place where angels sing, 
The happy race of heaven r s King. 

God gave a law to show up sin; 
The human flaw of devil* s kin, 
And Moses shows and points the way 
Where daylight glows of coming day. 
"A Prophet true will surely come; 
Like me to view and show of home; 
But greater far than I have been; 
The morning star to save from sin. 
Be sure to hear, obey His voice; 
Him love and fear and make your choice, 
For if from Him you turn away, 
Close to the rim of darkest day," 


But time moved on at steady rate, 
And nations gone to meet their fate; 
Sin rooted deep, that evil tree, 
Caused man to weep its growth to see. 
And Satan stood before the Throne, 
Found fault with good, God's very own, 
Laid claim to all the fallen race, 
And stood to call God face to face. 
So blindness came in darkened day, 
Poor, deaf and lame along the way, 
And minds of those were sick and sore, 
And earthly woes came more and more. 

The Kings of earth of nations great 
Of lowest worth in tines of fate, 
Swept over land and Qver sea^ 
And made their stand and victory'} 
Spread pain and woe and many slain; 
Foe after foe that fame to gain, 
Be rulers great and grow in pride; 
Follow their fate to ruin ride* 

God rules on high forever more, 

And nations die, their battles o'er; 

Night follows day, as year on year 

Man gropes for way and passage clear 

And sees afar in sober thought, 

The morning 3tar that God has brought, 

And hung in sky to point the way, 

Though man may die, a dawning day. 

At last the dawn near morning light, 
And day moves on the glorious sight 
When our dear Lord in slumber peace, 
Fulfilled His word, bid sorrows cease. 
And Angels sing in lightened skyr 
Praise to our King who came to die 
And break the chain and captives free: 
He came to reign that all may see 
Their Victor Lord; accept His grace, 


Believe His word and see His face, 
And step away from reign of sin; 
Our homage pay — new life begin. 

He stayed from home a little time 
To bid us come to land sublime. 
He is the Way*, the Truth, the Life, 
The light of day, away from strife. 

The day grew dark when on the tree; 
Low was life's spark, and all could see 
Death rode on high in darkest gloom. 
He came to die and seek the tomb, 
The darksome place where mortals lay • 
Without the grace we have today. 
And there light rays enter the place 
To music lays of saving grace. 

He came with power, dispelled the gloom, 
In that bright hour from out the tomb; 
Entered with light His body home; 
It was His right that He should come 
The victor King in living breath, 
While angels sing, abolish death. 
He saw His own and gave them rest; 
Again was known, again. He blessed, 
That they might see His loving face 
And some day be in happy place. 
"Go spread the news of saving power; 
Give all my views of mercy 1 s hour; 
I'll be with you to journey's end; 
Bring with you too a loving friend/ 1 

He gently rose on homeward way, 
Away from foes to living day, 
A cloud enfolds His royal train, 
And Heaven holds the Lamb once slain* 
dawning light when He will come 
To His own right to take us home; 
Forever be close to His side; 
His face to see, to Heaven ride. 
— J. I. Cover 



BETTY ELLEN BAKER, daughter of Paul and Mary (Benedict) 
Baker, was born on December 28, 1967 near Maple, On- 
tario, Canada, She died suddenly -on November 30, 1969 
in the emergency ward of York Central Hospital as a re- 
sult of a car accident at age 23 months and 2 days* 
She was returning with her parents from an ordination 
service in the Heise Hill Church near their home. 

Though her stay was short by years, her little 
childish expressions and actions had already brought 
much pleasure to her family, relatives, and friends who 
knew her, and her tragic death brings sorrow to many 

She is survived by her 5 weeks old sister, Ruth, her 
parents, Paul and Mary Baker, maternal grandparents, 
Joe and Rhoda Benedict of Fayetteville, Pennsylvania, 
paternal grandparents, Amos and Edna Baker of Maple, 
Ontario; also two great grandmothers, Mrs. Ezra Benedict 
of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania and Mrs. Daniel Reaman of 
Maple, Ontario, and one great grandfather, C. Aden 
Myers of Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. 

Following a short service in the home using hymn 
#369> funeral services were conducted on December 4 at 
the Heise Hill Brethren in Christ Church before a large 
assembly of relatives, friends, and neighbors. Taking 
part in the services were Brethren Elmer Brovant, Ross- 
ville, Indiana; Herman Shuman, Pendleton, Indiana; 
Harry Benedict, Waynesboro, Pennsylvania; and Melvin 
Coning, Goshen, Indiana. 

Text used was taken from John 19^41: "Now in the 
place where Jesus was crucified there was a garden, 
and in the garden a new tomb," Hymns used were "Safe 
in the Arms of Jesus" and "Asleep in Jesus." Hymn 370 
was sung at the burial in the Baker Cober cemetery near 
Maple, Ontario, 

The Lord gave, the Lord hath taken away: Blessed be 
the name of the Lord. 

—The Family 

THE PILGRIM , — : ; jj 

As there are a number of "The 'Pilgrim" readers who 
would like to have attended the funeral of our little 
Betty but were unable, it was suggested, that we send in 
a little account. The accident took. place about four 
miles from home where ; a. sixteen year old boy in the car 
meeting us on a two lane highway lost control and skid^ 
ded over in our lane sideways. Betty died about twenty 
minutes later in the hospital. , 

Brother ElmSr Brovant spoke briefly at -the home, com- 
menting on Hymn 3^9 and offered prayer. At the church 
Brother Harry Benedict opened, lining the hymn "Safe in 
the Arms of Jesus" and read the 23rd'- Psalm 'in the plural, 
"The Lord is our Shepherd," etc. Brother Herman Shuman 
opened his remarks by saying these young parents are en- 
joying a wonderful blessing", which" made us wonder brief- 
ly until he said it was because we know where to turn 
for comfort at .such a time as this. He said he was sure 
we would not. want him to read.,Irom any .other book than 
the one which he held up, The Bible, of course. Then he 
read II Kings 4, 8-26. As a text he used part of John 
19:41, "Now in the place where ; Jesus was crucified there 
was a garden, and in. .the garden a new sepulchre, "> The 
beauty of gardens wa§ : mentioned: the first ga,rden of 
Eden, the garden- of childhood, so very fair and .aJ dear, 
happy time, but in that garden a new tomb we had'before 
us. Other gardens were spoken of:-: :the -garden of youth 
and early marriage days, but sometime a /a, new. tomb in 
that garden; the" gardens of love, friendship, and mem- 
ories, but all -are subject to a tomb.. Our sights, were 
raised to Christ who gained victory over the tomb. 
Brother Elmer Brovant followed with comforting thoughts 
on the same subject stressing that our hope is in the 
empty tomb. He also mentioned the wise man ! s words, "It 
is better to go to the house of mourning than the house 
of feasting for the living will lay it to heart." Also 
Revelations 21; 4 was read, "And God shall wipe away all 
tears from their eyes, and there shall be no more death, 
neither sorrow nor crying; neither shall there be any 
more pain, for the former things are passed away." Ser- 
vices were closed by singing "Asleep in Jesus" and 


prayer. Brother Me lvin Coning read the obituary which 
included the reading of the words of Hymn 375: 

My dearest parents, I have gone 

To dwell in endless bliss; 
All free from trouble, pain and groans, 

I'll be where Jesus is* 

Now you, my parents, faithful prove. 

In serving Christ the Lord; 
And when on earth your race is run, 

You'll meet a great reward, ' 

Then you shall see your child again, 

In bliss divinely free; 
Where parting hands are known no more, 

Throughout eternity. 

— Paul and Mary Baker 
Maple, Ontario 


No beautiful chamber, no soft cradle bed, 
No place but a manger, no where for His head, 
No praises of gladness, no .thought of their sin, 
No glory but sadness, no room, in the inn. 

No sweet consecration, no seeking His. part, 
No humiliation, no place in the heart; 
No thought of the Savior, no sorrow for sin, 
No prayer for His favor, no room in the inn. 

No one to receive Him no welcome while here, 
No balm to relieve Him, no staff but a spear; 
No seeking His treasure, no weeping for -sin, 
No doing His pleasure, no room in the inn. 

No room, no room for Jesus, 

Oh give Him welcome free 

Lest you should hear at Heaven's gate, 

"There is no room for thee." 

— A. til Skelton (Selected) 





u Go ye into all the world , and preach the gospel to 
every creature. He that believeth and Is baptised 
shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be 
damned. "■ — Mark 16: 15-16 

This was the commission which Jesus delivered to His 
disciples after His resurrection, just before He as- 
cended into Heaven- In this next series of articles 
we propose to examine how this commission was fulfilled 
and how the gospel was carried to the far reaches of 
the earth. The enormity of this task is striking when 
one considers that communications were not developed to 
the extent which we take for granted today. Word had 
to be carried in person — not via radio , television, or 
newspaper. This was not always an easy task, as the 
disciples had been warned, but it was one which could 
change the lives of many individuals, as well as the 
entire course of human events. 


It is indeed fitting that the gospel message was 
first preached to the Jews, the people to whom God had 
given the promise of a Messiah. One cannot begin to 
comprehend what the disciples themselves must have 
thought at the time of the crucifixion and resurrection 
of Jesus. Certainly they must have had doubts — and yet 
it had been these very ones who had accompanied Jesus 
throughout His earthly ministry. At any rate, we can 
be certain that any doubts were dispelled on the day of 
Pentecost, for "Suddenly there came a sound from heaven 
as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the 
house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto 
them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon 


each of them* And they were all filled with the Holy 
Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the 
Spirit gave them utterance. And there were dwelling at 
Jerusalem Jews., devout men, out of every nation under . 
heaven. Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude 
came together, and were confounded because that every 
man heard them speak in his own language." — Acts 2r2-6 

Here was the miraculous beginning of the spreading 
of the gospel. Its immediate result was the conversion 
of about three thousand souls, who willingly accepted 
baptism. At this time history records that these fol- 
lowers of Christ had all things in common and referred 
to each other as "brethren" to emphasise the unity which 
they had in. Christ. Although Jewish law allowed for 
such groups .to organize into a "synagogue", these breth- 
ren chose rather to open their membership to any who 
would receive Christ instead of isolating themselves. 
Being filled with the Spirit, they felt it their duty 
to .preach the gospel to all. 

After Pentecost there was a "period of relative suc- 
cess with regards to the number of conversions and the 
spread of Christianity. This has been known as the 
Apostolic Age as the spread of the gospel was carried 
out largely by the Apostles and their followers. These 
were the people who could still remember Jesus and His 
teachings. Theirs was a powerful ministry and a vital 
force 9 but in the main it seems to have been aimed at 
the Jews and those Gentiles which had close contact with 
them — at least initially. The initial manner In which 
the gospel was spread was by Apostolic missionaries who 
would enter a Synagogue as a visiting minister inter- 
preting the scripture to show that Jesus was the pro- 
mised Messiah, come to save man from" his sin. This was 
Paul's approach to those at Antioch in Pisidia as we 
read in Acts 13. As might be expected, this was to • 
cause much controversy among the Jews leading to divi- 
sions between those who believed and those who did not* 

Throughout the Apostolic Age, Jerusalem was to re- 
main the center of Christianity even though many inhab- 
itants of the city despised the Christians. Indeed, 


even though Jerusalem was regarded as the center of 
Christianity, the true stronghold had moved northward 
to Damascus and Antioch in Syria-— "and the disciples 
were called Christians first in Antioch." (Acts 11:26) 
Thus, while Palestine was the cradle of Christianity, it 
remained largely Jewish, as the majority of Jews did not 
accept Christ, 

— Glen Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California. 


I would like to thank all those who helped us so 
much with prayers, sympathy and letters during the 
recent illness and death of my companion, Elder David 
A. Skiles. 

— Leah Skiles 

We would like to take this way to thank our "Pilgrim" 
subscribers and all those who have helped us financial- 
ly, prayerfully and by sending selections and writings 
during the past year. Our thanks go especially to 
Brother Glen Shirk for his excellent historical articles, 
to "Sister Dorothy Moore for help with the typing and to 
Brother Rudy Cover for his faithful articles to the. 
children, "Vie need the prayers of those we love." 

— Martha and Leslie Cover 

boat was and got in the boat with the other disciples. 
As soon as they were in the boat, the wind quit blowing. 

The disciples that were in the boat said to Jesus, 
and I think Peter did too, "Of a truth you are the 
Son of God." 

I believe you and I would have said the same because 

Jesus is the Son of God. No one has ever done the 

miracles which Jesus did! J J _ t „ 

— Rudolph Cover 



Matthew 14:22-33 
WALKING OK THE WATER : Kark 6:45-51 

Did you ever see anyone walk on water? I suppose you 
would say, "Why of course not; that's impossible/ 1 But 
one time Jesus walked on the water and so did a disciple 
whose name was Peter, 

After Jesus had fed the multitude with the loaves and 
fishes, He told His disciples to get into a boat and go 
across the sea of Galilee. While they were going, Jesus 
went up on a mountain to pray. While Jesus was praying 
a wind started to blow, and the boat with the disciples 
was tossed about so that they couldn't go in the direc- 
tion that they wanted. Early in the morning the tired 
disciples looked out over the angry waves and who do you 
think they saw? Out there on the sea, walking as though 
He were on dry land, was Jesus coming toward them. 

They couldn ! t believe what they saw but thought they 
saw a spirit , and they were afraid. But Jesus called 
to them and said, "Be of good cheer; it is I; be not 
afraid J 1 

Now peter was in the boat, and he called back to 
Jesus, "Lord, if it be you, ask me to come unto 3^ou on 
the water." 

Jesus said, "Come." 

Peter was a very brave man, and I suppose it took 
about all the courage he had to step out on the water, 
but step he did* And Peter walked on the. water going 
toward Jesus. It must have been wonderful for Peter to 
stand upon the water without sinking, but then he did 
just about what you or I would have done, Peter looked 
around at the angry waves and felt the wind blowing and 
forgot for the moment that Jesus had told him to come. 
Do you know what happened to Peter? He began to sink. 
Down he started to go into the water. Then he remem- 
bered Jesus and cried out, "Lord, save met" 

Jesus was beside Peter at once and caught him with 
His hand and said, "0 you of little faith, why did you 
doubt?" Then Jesus and Peter walked over to where the 

(Continued on page 15)